The western United States’ sagebrush country encompasses over 175 million acres of public and private lands.

Sagebrush country contains biological, cultural and economic resources of national significance. America’s sagebrush ecosystem is the largest contiguous ecotype in the continental United States, comprising one-third of the land mass of the continental lower 48. This landscape provides many benefits to our rural economies and communities, and it serves as crucial habitat for a diversity of wildlife, including the iconic greater sage-grouse and over 350 other species.

What We Do

Our Projects and Initiatives

For many years, the Fish and Wildlife Service has been conducting research, collaborating with partners, and supporting a landscape-wide conservation strategy to support a healthy sagebrush sagebrush
The western United States’ sagebrush country encompasses over 175 million acres of public and private lands. The sagebrush landscape provides many benefits to our rural economies and communities, and it serves as crucial habitat for a diversity of wildlife, including the iconic greater sage-grouse and over 350 other species.

Learn more about sagebrush
ecosystem in the west.

Starting in FY22, the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Bipartisan Infrastructure Law
The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) is a once-in-a-generation investment in the nation’s infrastructure and economic competitiveness. We were directly appropriated $455 million over five years in BIL funds for programs related to the President’s America the Beautiful initiative.

Learn more about Bipartisan Infrastructure Law
(BIL) has committed $10 million per year ($50 million over 5 years) to the Service to expand work with partners to restore and conserve strategic areas within the sagebrush ecosystem. These funds build on existing collaborative efforts by the Service and our public and private partners to conserve the sagebrush ecosystem and the significant biological, cultural, and economic resources it supports. These projects will combat invasive grasses and wildfire, reduce encroaching conifers, safeguard precious water resources for neighboring communities and wildlife, and promote community and economic sustainability. Read more about the Director's Priorities and BIL initiative: Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Funds Proven Projects for Wildlife

Find a Sagebrush Restoration Project in your Neighborhood.

Explore the Data Dashboard*

*This dashboard has not yet been updated to reflect projects from FY23. 

 

The Grassland & Sagebrush Conservation Portal is an ArcGIS Online platform that provides access to maps, apps, data, documents, and other resources for practitioners working in grassland and sagebrush biomes.  

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Work With Us

We work alongside other agencies, partners, non-profits, Tribes, landowners, programs, and the public to strategize, fund, and collaborate on sagebrush sagebrush
The western United States’ sagebrush country encompasses over 175 million acres of public and private lands. The sagebrush landscape provides many benefits to our rural economies and communities, and it serves as crucial habitat for a diversity of wildlife, including the iconic greater sage-grouse and over 350 other species.

Learn more about sagebrush
conservation. Individual state fish and wildlife agencies have been, and continue to be, central to the implementation of work in sagebrush.  

The Sagebrush Ecosystem is one of several programs that is receiving investments from the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Bipartisan Infrastructure Law
The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) is a once-in-a-generation investment in the nation’s infrastructure and economic competitiveness. We were directly appropriated $455 million over five years in BIL funds for programs related to the President’s America the Beautiful initiative.

Learn more about Bipartisan Infrastructure Law
that helps local, state, and Tribal communities tackle the climate crisis and environmental restoration needs while advancing environmental justice, creating jobs, and boosting local economies.    

Projects and Research

Sagebrush ecosystem projects with funding from the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Bipartisan Infrastructure Law
The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) is a once-in-a-generation investment in the nation’s infrastructure and economic competitiveness. We were directly appropriated $455 million over five years in BIL funds for programs related to the President’s America the Beautiful initiative.

Learn more about Bipartisan Infrastructure Law

Project Name  

Location  

FY22 Funding 

FY23 Funding

Addressing Invasive Annual Grass in Sage-Grouse Core Areas in Idaho

ID  

492,000   

328,000

Idaho Mesic Rangeland Resources Enhancement: A Statewide Strategy to Increase the Pace and Scale of Delivery  

ID  

120,000   

80,000

Idaho Conifer Treatments; Increasing the Pace and Scale of Regional Landscape Strategies  

ID  

144,000   

96,000

Upper Snake Sagebrush Steppe Enhancement  

ID  

183,148   

156,852

Southeast Idaho Sagebrush Steppe Enhancement  

ID  

52,131   

N/A

Oregon Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances Initiative to Protect and Enhance Sagebrush Ecosystems on Private Lands  

OR  

250,000   

250,000

Assessing, Protecting, and Restoring Mesic Habitats in the Pueblo and Trout Creek Mountains  

OR  

360,000   

N/A

Southeastern Oregon Collaboration to Address Primary Threats to Sagebrush Landscapes  

OR  

119,200   

119,200

Barbwire Juniper Removal Project

OR  

120,039   

120,039

Burns-Paiute Tribe Jonsboro Upland Native Plant Restoration  

OR  

56,142   

N/A

Completing Removal of Encroaching Juniper from the Lower Guano Creek Area on Hart Mountain National Wildlife Refuge  

OR  

114,000   

143,858

Survey of Bombus (Hymenoptera: Apidae) and DNA Barcoding of Sagebrush Biome Wild Bees in Southeast Oregon

OR

N/A

57,000

Easement Support for Sage Grouse Habitat Protection 

WA 

186,000 

N/A

Process-Based Stream Restoration in Smith Draw  

WA  

31,515   

N/A

Moses Coulee Post-Fire Sage-Steppe Restoration: Phase II   

WA  

183,323

N/A

Columbia Basin Pygmy Rabbit Recovery

WA

N/A

209,100

Post-Fire Restoration of Stream and Riparian Habitat Condition on East Foster Creek Douglas County, Washington

WA N/A 100,000

Restoration of Native Sagebrush Habitats from Cheatgrass Invasion in Northwestern Colorado (Phase 1)  

CO  

230,926   

230,926

Gunnison Basin Cheatgrass implementation Project

CO  

398,139   

395,337

Gunnison Sage-grouse Prioritizing Restoration of Sagebrush Ecosystems Tool (PReSET)

CO

N/A

188,726

Conway Ranch Wet Meadow Enhancement Project

CA N/A 82,000

Sage-Grouse Habitat Restoration through Wild Horse Management

CA

N/A

150,000

Bi-State Sagebrush Ecosystem Enhancement Project

CA N/A 250,000

SW Montana Sage Steppe Resiliency Project  

MT  

437,185   

500,000

Maintaining Sagebrush Cores in Montana’s Northern Great Plains 

MT 

309,218

431,504

Addressing Threats to Sagebrush in Montana’s Musselshell Plains 

MT 

120,263

97,977

Pre- and Post- Treatment Impacts of Japanese Brome Treatment on Pollinators in Sagebrush Rangeland

MT

N/A

70,000

Utah: Climate Resilience Projects for Mesic Habitat Restoration and Enhancements  

UT  

475,453

232,398

Utah: Conifer Treatment Projects for Upland Habitat Restoration and Enhancements   

UT  

461,271  

250,000

Wyoming Collaborative Sage-Steppe Mesic Habitat Restoration  

WY  

250,000   

250,000

Wyoming Invasive Annual Grass Management Collaborative 

WY  

750,000   

750,000

Developing Spring Reclamation Plans for Developed and Altered Springs and Associated Spring Brooks and Meadows in Completed Juniper Control Areas on Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge 

NV 

20,000 

41,000

Improving Climate Resilience of Sagebrush Ecosystem Communities in the Great Basin 

NV 

405,000 

305,000

Santa Rosa Paradise Priority Landscape Restoration Project

NV

N/A

25,000

Northeastern Nevada Sagebrush Ecosystem Enhancement Project

NV

N/A

220,000

Increasing the Availability of Dry Ecotype Native Seeds and Plant Materials for the Great Basin (Nevada Seed Strategy Actions)

NV

N/A

262,790

Spring and Mesic Habitat Protections for Greater Sage-grouse and Mule deer in NW Nevada 

NV 

212,832 

198,786

Kelly Creek Conifer Thinning - Phase I  

NV  

7,660   

N/A

Home Ranch Water Distribution - Phase II  

NV  

51,166   

N/A

Humboldt Ranch Sagebrush and Riparian Enhancement Project  

NV  

91,162   

N/A

Summit Lake Sagebrush Spring(s) into Action  

NV  

70,000   

N/A

Vya Conservation District Sagebrush and Wet Meadow Enhancements Phase I  

NV  

100,000   

N/A

Clover Valley Speckled Dace Habitat Enhancement Project  

NV  

20,000   

N/A

Pinyon-Juniper Removal on Fortynine Mountain for Greater Sage-Grouse   

NV  

200,000   

N/A

Reducing Threats to Nevada Sage-grouse Populations through a Programmatic Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances   

NV  

50,000   

N/A

Fourmile Creek Wet Meadow Enhancement Project  

NV  

38,050   

N/A

Cottonwood Ranch Meadow Enhancement Project  

NV  

25,000   

N/A

O'Neil Basin Meadow Enhancement Project

NV

N/A

175,000

Invasive Annual Grass Tech Transfer Partnership: Empowering Land Managers to Defend and Grow Sagebrush Cores  

Rangewide  

200,000   

100,000

Assessing the Future Sagebrush Core Habitats: Impacts of Climate & Climate Uncertainty, Wildfire and Invasive Species  

Rangewide  

110,000   

113,548

Incorporating Connectivity and Wildland Fire Risk into the WAFWA Sagebrush Conservation Design  

Rangewide  

150,000   

N/A

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Conservation Actions for Greater Sage-Grouse using Hierarchical Models and the Conservation Efforts Database  

Rangewide  

150,000   

150,000

Sagebrush Biome Invasive Annual Grass Economic Assessment

Rangewide N/A 100,000

Geospatial analyses, species modeling, and interactive web application development to support sagebrush biome assessment and inform conservation delivery

Rangewide N/A 99,995

Effect of Conifer Treatments and Landscape Management on Sagebrush Obligate Songbirds and Pinyon Jays in the Great Basin 

NV  

100,000   

252,500

Understanding Greater Sage-Grouse Population Trends from the Lens of the WAFWA Conservation Design Strategy: Implications for Management of Impacted, Core, and Growth Opportunity Areas within the Sagebrush Biome  

Rangewide  

75,000   

75,000

Assessing Traditional and Emerging Grazing Strategies for Creating a Mosaic of Diverse Habitat Patches for Sagebrush Associated Birds  

MT  

119,682   

100,000

Washington Shrub-steppe Restoration and Resiliency Initiative: Defining Shared Spatial Priorities  

WA  

175,000   

N/A

Planning for Conservation Delivery Success: Linking Biome-wide Sagebrush Conservation Design to Local Treatment Planning by Leveraging Landscape Restoration Outcomes  

Rangewide  

115,000

N/A

Impacts of Mining Exploration and Development on Sagebrush Ecosystems and Wildlife: A Pilot Study  

NV  

50,000   

50,000

Shrub-Steppe Restoration for Fire and Climate Resilience on Hanford Reach National Monument

WA N/A 93,786

Remaining funding was allocated for capacity building efforts across sagebrush sagebrush
The western United States’ sagebrush country encompasses over 175 million acres of public and private lands. The sagebrush landscape provides many benefits to our rural economies and communities, and it serves as crucial habitat for a diversity of wildlife, including the iconic greater sage-grouse and over 350 other species.

Learn more about sagebrush
country for new or existing staff positions to bolster partnerships and aid the delivery of on-the-ground conservation projects.