Pacific Southwest RegionCalifornia, Nevada and Klamath Basin
How a Simple Silver Bracelet is Aiding Conservation
Biologists band more than 200,000 ducks and nearly 150,000 geese and swans in North America each year.
Credit: Vincent Griego/USFWS
Conservation Couple: Award-Winning, First Gen Ranchers
In less than twenty years, Mike and Kathy Landini went from building custom homes to first-gen ranchers and award winning conservationists. Shown here, Mike rotates cows to another pasture. Credit: Kathy Landini
Rain or Shine: Service Staff Work Through Tough Weather Conditions
Despite the weather recently, crews have been on a regular schedule, out several times during the early 2017 storms. Credit: Steve Martarano/USFWS
Immigrant Children Connect with Nature in Their New Home
Adapting to their new life in the U.S., Anza Elementary School children are transforming themselves through their new schoolyard habitat project. Credit: Vicky Bonnett for USFWS
Photo Tour: Visiting the Winter Home of Western Monarchs
Up close, they are full of color: Monarch butterflies that began arriving in October are clustered on a Monterey cypress branch at the Monarch Butterfly Santuary in Pacific Grove, Calif. Photo Gallery by Joanna Gilkeson/USFWS
Saving a Rare Desert Fish on the Brink of Extinction
A rare species of desert fish fighting for its survival in a fresh water pond in the desert landscape of southern Nevada – the Pahrump poolfish. One of the last remaining populations of the endangered fish is at alarmingly low numbers – below 1,000, compared to 10,000 recorded in 2015. Credit: Enrique Villar/USFWS
Habitat Improvements Lead to New Discovery on Bitter Creek National Wildlife Refuge
Habitat improvements on Bitter Creek NWR lead to first capture of a giant kangaroo rat, show here. Credit: Larry Saslaw/CSU Stanislaus
A Sacramento Biologist's Love of the Delta Became Her Life's Calling
"I feel blessed that I’m able to pass along to my family all of the conservation and river access opportunities close to my Elk Grove neighborhood..."
— Heather Swinney
Credit: Steve Martarano/USFWS
Pacific Southwest Highlights
Service biologist Clark Winchell (right) and conservation intern Stella Yuan collect data on the San Bernardino flying squirrel's habitat in the San Bernadino National Forest. Credit: Joshua Ray/USFWS
Learning the secret life of flying squirrels
Flying squirrels have inhabited southern California’s San Bernardino Mountains for thousands of years, but most people have never seen one.
Now, a group of 50 citizen scientists, supported by a number of federal, state and local organizations, are trying to change that.
Most residents of San Bernardino mountain towns aren’t “even aware flying squirrels are up here,” says Nole Lilley, one of the citizen scientists studying the squirrels.
Known for its tule elk and wildlife habitat, the San Luis National Wildlife Refuge has been a part of the San Joaquin Valley since 1967. Credit: Meg Laws/USFWS
50 Years Later: A Community Still Invested
An avid birder and photographer, Rick Lewis is a regular at the San Luis National Wildlife Refuge in Los Banos, Calif. On weekends and holidays, he makes the 100-mile trek south from Alameda, Calif., to explore the refuge.
“It’s [the refuge] spectacular,” Lewis said. “I don’t know what it looked like 100 years ago, but as a birder and photographer, the refuge is paradise.”
Known for its tule elk and wildlife habitat, the refuge has been a part of the San Joaquin Valley since 1967. Authorized 50 years ago through the Migratory Bird Conservation Act, the refuge’s original size conserved 7,360 acres in the valley.
A close up of the Quino checkerspot butterfly larvae (caterpillars). Credit: Tammy Spratt/San Diego Zoo
Once vanished, rare butterfly reintroduced on San Diego National Wildlife Refuge
A team of biologists from the San Diego Zoo, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, San Diego State University and the Conservation Biology Institute released 742 larvae of the endangered Quino checkerspot butterfly (Euphydryas editha quino) onto the San Diego National Wildlife Refuge last December, the first-ever captive-rearing attempts for this butterfly species.
Seal Beach National Wildlife Refuge staff and volunteers recently rebuilt a six-foot fence to help protect nesting California least terns. “Without the fence we probably wouldn’t have any tern productivity, and all the eggs or chicks would likely be eaten by either ground or avian predators,” said refuge manager Kirk Gilligan. Credit: John Fitch/USFWS
Good Fences Make Good Neighbors: When Survival Depends On Keeping Predators Out
It’s not easy being a tern in southern California.
Due to habitat loss from development and human use of beaches during nesting season, endangered California least terns are left nesting in small areas, making them highly vulnerable to predators.
At the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Seal Beach National Wildlife Refuge, south of Los Angeles, Calif., staff and volunteers recently rebuilt a six-foot chain-link and electrified fence to help protect the birds from ground predators.
A male green sea turtle washed ashore on Vancouver Island, British Columbia last winter. Luckily, he made a full recovery and was released back into the ocean off the coast of southern California. Credit: Jen R/FlickrCC
Lucky Sea Turtle Returns to Its Pacific Ocean Home
In the midst of winter, a green sea turtle suffering from severe hypothermia washed ashore at Combers Beach, located in Canada’s Pacific Rim National Park. Parks Canada staff discovered the ailing and nearly lifeless turtle, and quickly transported him to the nearest marine mammal rescue facility.
“Comber,” named for the beach of its rescue, is the only sea turtle found stranded as far north as Canada, to undergo rehabilitation and survive.
While Canada is an unexpected place for a sea turtle to land, the closest rescue facility, the Vancouver Aquarium, had the capacity and expertise to provide Comber a perfect place to recover.
To the keen observer, Smith’s blue butterflies can be seen fluttering the coastal dunes or perched upon buckwheat plants around Monterey Bay from the Salinas River National Wildlife Refuge southward to Sand City.
Credit: Diane Kodama/USFWS
A Silver Lining for Rare Smith’s Blue Butterflies
With a wingspan of only one inch, Smith’s blue butterflies are a challenge to spot with the naked eye.
Despite their small size and rarity, the attractive bright blue coloring of the males and bright orange and brown coloring of the females never fails to catch the attention of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service senior fish and wildlife biologist Jacob Martin.
Martin, based in Santa Cruz., is a native Californian and works to help recover threatened and endangered wildlife. He has studied the butterfly for more than 10 years.
A cultured delta smelt image inlcuded in the marking study. The study compared the natural markings identification performance of photo recognition software versus human eye indentification. Credit: USFWS
Delta Smelt Markings Study One of Many Highlights at 2016 Bay Delta Science Conference
SACRAMENTO (Nov. 15, 2016) – The feasibility of using natural external marks such as spots and scars to better study cultured Delta Smelt will be the basis of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service biologist Gonzalo Castillo’s presentation at the 2016 Bay Delta Science Conference that began today. The conference runs Thursday, November 17.
Castillo’s presentation, “Identification of Individual Cultured Delta Smelt Using Visual and Automated Analysis of Natural Marks,” is one of several featuring USFWS scientists over the conference’s three days (full list below). The popular bi-annual conference provides a forum for presenting technical analyses and results related to the Delta Science Program and to provide new information to the broad community of scientists, engineers, resource managers, and stakeholders working on Bay-Delta issues.
In southern California, mountain yellow-legged frogs once numbered in the thousands, inhabiting streams like Pacoima Creek in Los Angeles County and Pauma Creek in San Diego County. Credit: Adam Backlin/USGS.
Precious Cargo: Brighter Future For 100 Juvenile Mountain Yellow Legged Frogs, Tadpoles
As I drove up the curving road heading into the San Jacinto Mountains, much of the landscape was dry and yellowed, reflecting the current drought conditions.
After reaching the rendezvous point, I met the group of partners that would be releasing more than one hundred endangered mountain yellow-legged frogs into their natural habitat. The researchers included a mix of federal, state, and local agencies and organizations, all with one designated purpose that day – to help further recovery of an endangered species.
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The Western Monarch
The Monarch Story...
The monarch butterfly is one of the most recognizable species of wildlife in all of America. They undertake one of the world's most remarkable and fascinating migrations, traveling thousands of miles over many generations from Mexico, across the United States, to Canada. Learn about their amazing journey and how you can help them.
California Condor Website
California Condor Recovery Program
The California Condor Recovery Program (Recovery Program) is a multi-entity effort, led by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, to recover the endangered California condor. Cooperators include the U.S. Forest Service, National Park Service, Bureau of Land Management, Arizona Game and Fish Department, California Department of Fish and Wildlife, San Diego Zoo Los Angeles Zoo, Oregon Zoo, Santa Barbara Zoo, Chapultepec Zoo, Peregrine Fund, and Ventana Wildlife Society, among others. Learn more here...
And see the condor nest cameras here!
FieldNotes showcases the activities, events and conservation work of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service here in the Pacific Southwest Region. The articles inside are written by our employees and reflect the efforts of the Service and our partners in conserving and preserving the unique natural resources here in California, Nevada and the Klamath Basin. After you've visited FieldNotes, follow us on these social media channels...