Most wildlife viewing is done from one of two hiking trails. The White Oak Nature Trail is made up of a short loop (1.25 miles) and a long loop (2 miles). The 3.3 mile Black Tupelo trail starts from the visitor center and offers a view of the refuge from the east side of the Carmans River.
A variety of forest dwelling, waterfowl and wading birds can be seen from both trails. Hot spots include the four Carmans River overlooks. Mammals, reptiles and amphibians can also be seen along the trails and near the water.