The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has selected nine nature-based solutions projects in the northern forest, an area that encompasses land in 12 states across the Northeast and Midwest regions, and includes nearly 450,000 forested acres of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service administered land. Projects are funded through part of a $10 million allocation through the Inflation Reduction Act — the largest climate investment in history — for resiliency and restoration in the northern forest.

Golden-winged warbler

These nine projects will reduce the risks and associated damages of flood and drought by restoring resilient habitats using nature-based solutions and climate adaptive infrastructure. The projects will also benefit fish and wildlife species and increase access and opportunity for recreational activities such as hunting and fishing.

Through the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Bipartisan Infrastructure Law
The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) is a once-in-a-generation investment in the nation’s infrastructure and economic competitiveness. We were directly appropriated $455 million over five years in BIL funds for programs related to the President’s America the Beautiful initiative.

Learn more about Bipartisan Infrastructure Law
and the Inflation Reduction Act, the Department of the Interior is implementing a more than $2 billion down payment to restore our nation’s lands and waters. In March, the Service
announced an investment of more than $120 million from the Inflation Reduction Act to rebuild and restore units of the National Wildlife Refuge System and partnering State Wildlife Management Areas that have been affected by adverse weather events. The investment prioritizes projects that promote coastal resilience and climate adaptation, address invasive species invasive species
An invasive species is any plant or animal that has spread or been introduced into a new area where they are, or could, cause harm to the environment, economy, or human, animal, or plant health. Their unwelcome presence can destroy ecosystems and cost millions of dollars.

Learn more about invasive species
threats, and provide for additional data collection needed to support successful natural resource resilience.

The northern forest projects represent a unique opportunity to address important ecosystem restoration needs and are designed to reduce the impacts of climate change climate change
Climate change includes both global warming driven by human-induced emissions of greenhouse gases and the resulting large-scale shifts in weather patterns. Though there have been previous periods of climatic change, since the mid-20th century humans have had an unprecedented impact on Earth's climate system and caused change on a global scale.

Learn more about climate change
to an ecosystem which is home to essential wetland and floodplain habitats, and to people who live there.

Northern forest project list

Project NameStateCountyFunding as of 3/14/24
Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge Wild Rice Restoration and ReforestationMNBecker$750,000
Beltrami Wildlife Management Area Peatland RestorationMNLake of the Woods, Roseau, and Beltrami$1,000,000
Rice Lake National Wildlife Refuge Emerald Ash Borer Adaptation and Wild Rice ResiliencyMNAitkin$760,000
Necedah National Wildlife Refuge Forest Wetland and Peatland RestorationWIJuneau$1,200,000
Seney National Wildlife Refuge Hydrological and Hydraulic Design for Climate Informed ActionsMISchoolcraft$400,000
Erie National Wildlife Refuge Impoundment Removal and Wetland RestorationPACrawford$900,000
Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge Complex Aquatic Connectivity and Forest RestorationVTEssex$1,300,000
Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge Aquatic Connectivity and Forest RestorationNH, MECoos, Oxford$1,400,000
Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge / Maine Coastal Islands National Wildlife Refuge Complex Aquatic Connectivity and Forest Restoration MEWashington$1,400,000


Through these investments, the Service is working with state partners to complete geographically diverse, large-scale projects that are mutually beneficial for these conservation areas, including projects that benefit underserved communities and Tribal interests. The program supports the Biden-Harris administration’s America the Beautiful Initiative, a decade-long challenge to pursue locally led and voluntary conservation to protect, conserve, connect, and restore our nation’s lands, waters, habitats and wildlife.

Learn more information about the our Inflation Reduction Act-related efforts.

Contact Information



A bright blue sky obstructed by fluffy white clouds reflected off of a stream shot from inside a kayak
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service manages an unparalleled network of public lands and waters called the National Wildlife Refuge System. With more than 570 refuges spanning the country, this system protects iconic species and provides some of the best wildlife viewing opportunities on Earth.


Red and orange trees line a pond in fall.
Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge was established as a refuge and breeding ground for migratory birds and other wildlife. The abundance of lakes, rivers and marshes along with the diverse landscape of dense forest to open meadows attracts a plethora of wildlife.
Large number of ducks flying against a blue sky without clouds; the ducks are dots in this photo with the treeline canopy along the bottom of the image.
Rice Lake National Wildlife Refuge is located in Aitkin County in east central Minnesota, about five miles south of the community of McGregor. It was established in 1935 to preserve valuable habitat for waterfowl. The most important resource on the refuge is Rice Lake itself, a shallow, 3,600-acre...
Sunrise through prairie grasses
Once part of Glacial Lake Wisconsin, Necedah National Wildlife Refuge is now made up of an ancient, exposed lakebed where shallow surface water streams life into the Great Wisconsin Swamp, historic oak savannas and sand prairies. Seen for its importance for migratory birds by Franklin D. Roosevelt...
Foggy sunrise at Seney.
The Seney National Wildlife Refuge and its Whitefish Point Unit are nestled in the eastern portion of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. Slow down, relax and unwind as you enjoy winding roads, beautiful vistas and the local wildlife that populate these forests, wetlands and waters. These tracts of land...
A creek winds the woods, trees full of bright green leaves.
Erie National Wildlife Refuge consists of two separate land divisions. Sugar Lake Division lies 10 miles east of Meadville on the outskirts of Guys Mills village. The Seneca Division is about 10 miles north of Sugar Lake Division or four miles southeast of Cambridge Springs, PA.
Wetlands at Fannie Stebbins Unit of Silvio O Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge
The Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge was established in 1997 to conserve, protect and enhance the abundance and diversity of native plant, fish and wildlife species and the ecosystems on which they depend throughout the 7.2 million acre Connecticut River watershed. Currently, the...
Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge Harper's Meadow and Errol Hill
Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge, located in northern New Hampshire and Maine, welcomes you to its forests, wetlands, lakes, and rivers.
Arctic and Common Tern courtship dance
The Maine Coastal Islands National Wildlife Refuge Complex is comprised of five individual refuges which span the coast of Maine and support an incredible diversity of habitats including coastal islands, forested headlands, estuaries and freshwater wetlands. All totaled, the refuge includes...