The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service was directly appropriated $250 million in new funding under the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (IRA) for significant climate and conservation projects. These projects will help rebuild and restore units of the National Wildlife Refuge System and State Wildlife Management areas and provide capacity for activities related to recovery planning and implementation for threatened and endangered species.

The IRA, signed by President Biden on Aug. 16, 2022, supports the work of the Service and its conservation partners, and helps local, state, and Tribal communities tackle the climate crisis while advancing endangered species priorities and environmental justice.

Service Inflation Reduction Act Focus Areas

The Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 provides critical funding that will allow the Service to increase the resiliency of habitats and infrastructure to help the national wildlife refuges withstand severe and unanticipated weather events. The funding also provides additional resources for addressing backlogs related to recovery planning and recovery needs for at-risk and listed species.

National Wildlife Refuge System Resiliency 

The Service received $121.25 million, available until Sept. 30, 2026, to rebuild and restore units of the National Wildlife Refuge System and partnering State Wildlife Management Areas that have been affected by adverse weather events. With this portion of IRA funding, the Service will prioritize projects to promote coastal resilience and climate adaptation, address invasive species invasive species
An invasive species is any plant or animal that has spread or been introduced into a new area where they are, or could, cause harm to the environment, economy, or human, animal, or plant health. Their unwelcome presence can destroy ecosystems and cost millions of dollars.

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threats, and provide for additional data collection needed to support successful natural resource resilience. The Service will work with state partners to complete geographically diverse, large-scale projects that are mutually beneficial for these conservation areas, including projects that benefit historically underserved communities and Tribal interests.

Projects, location and total funding available through Fiscal Year 2026
  • Albemarle-Pamlico Sound restoration, North Carolina ($27.25M)
  • Working together on a landscape conservation approach for a climate resilient Northern Forest, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Wisconsin ($25M)
  • Prairie Pothole Region - landscape conservation and restoration, Iowa, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota ($23M)
  • Lower Mississippi River Valley nature-based resiliency, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee ($20M)
  • Upper Mississippi and Illinois River nature-based resiliency and restoration, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Minnesota, Wisconsin ($10M)
  • Bison management and grasslands habitat improvements across several Service refuges ($7.5M)
  • Nature-based solutions to support the endangered Yaqui fish species on San Bernardino National Wildlife Refuge, Arizona ($7M)
  • Acquisition of LiDAR Data over National Wildlife Refuge System lands in partnership with the 3D Elevation Program (3DEP), Nationwide ($1M)
  • Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge Grasslands and Nature-based Resiliency, Montana ($500,000)

Endangered Species Act Recovery Planning

The Service received a $62.5 million investment to address Endangered Species Recovery Planning efforts that will be implemented over the next several years to benefit more than 300 species currently listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).

This infusion of funding will allow the Service to hire additional biologists so we can ensure recovery plans are in place to provide the roadmaps for on-the-ground implementation actions that are necessary to recover species and remove them from the Endangered Species list. Biologists will initially focus efforts on recovery planning for the 32 threatened and endangered species (photo album of some of the 32) that have completed Species Status Assessments.

Initial 32 Species

Species – Common Name

Species – Scientific Name

Pecos amphipod 

Gammarus pecos 

Diamond tryonia 

Pseudotryonia adamantina 

Gonzales tryonia 

Tryonia circumstriata (=stocktonensis) 

Texas golden Gladecress 

Leavenworthia texana 

Sonoyta mud turtle 

Kinosternon sonoriense longifemorale 

Arizona eryngo 

Eryngium sparganophyllum 

Beardless chinchweed 

Pectis imberbis 

Bartram's stonecrop 

Graptopetalum bartramii 

Rayed bean 

Villosa fabalis 

Snuffbox mussel

Epioblasma triquetra 

Sheepnose mussel

Plethobasus cyphyus

Spectaclecase mussel

Cumberlandia monodonta 

Grotto sculpin 

Cottus specus 

Northern long-eared bat 

Myotis septentrionalis 

Georgia rockcress 

Arabis georgiana 

Barrens topminnow 

Fundulus julisia 

Neuse River waterdog 

Necturus lewisi 

Carolina madtom 

Noturus furiosus 

Slenderclaw crayfish 

Cambarus cracens 

Atlantic pigtoe

Fusconaia masoni 

Panama City crayfish 

Procambarus econfinae 

Marron bacora 

Solanum conocarpum 

Canoe Creek clubshell 

Pleurobema athearni 

Candy darter 

Etheostoma osburni 

Wood bison 

Bison bison athabascae 

Stephens' kangaroo rat 

Dipodomys stephensi (incl. D. cascus) 

Callippe silverspot butterfly 

Speyeria callippe callippe 

Riparian brush rabbit 

Sylvilagus bachmani riparius 

Vandenberg monkeyflower 

Diplacus vandenbergensis 

Pacific marten, Coastal Distinct Population Segment  

Martes caurina 

Sierra Nevada red fox 

Vulpes vulpes necator 

Hermes copper butterfly 

Lycaena hermes 

Endangered Species Act Recovery Implementation

With a $5.1 million investment from the Inflation Reduction Act, the Service is funding endangered species recovery implementation efforts for four focal species groups: Hawaiian and Pacific Island plants, pollinators (butterflies and moths), freshwater mussels, and southwest desert fish. This investment will allow the Service to achieve impactful conservation for listed species that have been historically underfunded and support recovery implementation actions for 36 projects that benefit more than 580 species listed under the Endangered Species Act (photo gallery).

The Service uses the best available science to develop recovery plans, which include scientific information and provide recovery criteria and implementation actions necessary to delist or downlist threatened or endangered species. The Service actively engages with Tribes, federal agencies, state and local governments, conservation organizations, communities and private citizens on recovery under the ESA to help inform ideas and innovative ways to conserve and restore imperiled species and carry out on-the-ground recovery implementation actions.

Projects, location and total funding




Freshwater Mussels

Texas Hornshell Habitat Modeling Validation Field Survey



Ouachita Rock Pocketbook Status Surveys Red River Tributaries



Monitoring to Support Recovery of Listed Mussels and Associated Recovery Plans in the Midwest Region


Monitoring to Support Recovery of Listed Mussels and Associated Recovery Plans in the Northeast Region


Upper Green River Comprehensive Mussel Survey Targeted Emphasis for Ring Pink Mussel Propagation



Genoa National Fish Hatchery - New Mobile Aquatic Rearing System



Conasauga River Mussel Propagation and Augmentation and Reintroduction



Northern Riffleshell and Clubshell Habitat Restoration and Reintroduce through Translocation or Artificial Propagation



Northern Riffleshell and Clubshell Site-specific Protection and Management Program



Clinch River Shoal Mussel Propagation and Health Screening



Genoa National Fish Hatchery - Infrastructure Expansion and System Construction



Duck River Mussel Propagation Trailer Restoration Effort



Elk River Mussel Propagation and Augmentation and Reintroduction



National Freshwater Mussel Propagation and Genetics

OH, TN, Cumberland, Mobile, and  Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River basins


Butterflies & Moths

Lange’s and Mormon Metalmark Butterfly Conservation Genomics



Hermes Copper Butterfly, Quino Checkerspot Butterfly, and Laguna Mountains Skipper Rearing at San Diego Zoo



South Florida Pine Rocklands Habitat Restoration to Support Recovery



Sacramento Mountains Checkerspot Butterfly Projects



Dakota Skipper Patch-Burn-Graze Management in Prairie Coteau Region



Upgrading Environmental Conditions for Reintroduction, Protocol Refinement, and Research Incorporation



Island Marble Butterfly Sustainable Captive Rearing Program



Listed Butterfly Species Pesticide Surveillance to Support Recovery and Inform Captive Rearing and Reintroductions

MN, WI, MI, ND, SD and  Manitoba, Canada


Southwest Desert Fish

Warm Springs Water Quality Monitoring



Pedersen Stream Gage Removal



Meadow Valley Wash Habitat Assessment and Use



Define Habitat Use and Life History Study of Ash Meadows Speckled Dace



Southwestern Native Aquatic Resources and Recovery Center Propagation Facility Upgrades



Independence Valley Speckled Dace Genetic Monitoring



Big Bonito Creek Non-native Fish Barrier Construction



Upper Virgin River Experimental Reintroduction



Aspen and Paradise Creeks Brown Trout Eradication for Apache Trout Recovery



Bunkerville Irrigation System Feasibility Study



Hawaii & Pacific Island Plants

Kaua'i, O'ahu, and Hawai'i Islands Rodent Control Effort Expansion



Hawaiʻi Mid-elevation Nursery Facilities Improvements and Planning



Wild and Reintroduced Endangered Plant Population Protection from Feral Ungulates



Serianthes nelsonii Recovery by Increasing Outplanting Success

Guam, Northern Mariana Islands


The purpose of the ESA is to conserve endangered and threatened species and the ecosystems on which they depend. The ESA is extraordinarily effective at preventing species from going extinct and has inspired action to conserve at-risk species and their habitat before they need to be listed as threatened or endangered. More than 99 percent of all listed species are still with us today since the ESA was signed into law in 1973. As a result of the ESA, more than 100 species of plants and animals have been delisted based on recovery or downlisted from endangered to threatened.

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