Erwin National Fish Hatchery
Southeast Region
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Welcome to Erwin National Fish Hatchery

Notice: Available for public review, Erwin Linear Trail Extension Environmental Assessment

Although most hatchery lands and outdoor spaces have remained open for the public to enjoy, we ask that you do the following:

  • Check local conditions on this website and call ahead for current information. Operations vary based on local public health conditions.
  • Face masks are required in all federal buildings and on all federal lands.
  • Maintain a safe distance between yourself and other groups.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
  • Cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze.
  • Most importantly, stay home if you feel sick.

Learn more about the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Coronavirus Response.

Station Facts:

  • Established: 1894
  • Number of staff: Five


Economic Effects Fact Sheet


Fish Species:

  • Three strains of rainbow trout


Public Use Opportunities:

  • More than 40,000 visitors annually
  • Hatchery tours
  • Visitor center
  • Picnic pavilion
  • Unicoi Co. Heritage Museum
  • Wildlife viewing area


Station Goals:

  • Produce 13 million disease-free eggs annually for Federal, state, and tribal hatcheries to support their fishery management efforts. This hatchery also provides eggs to research centers and universities
  • Assists tribal governments in managing fisheries resources on tribal lands
  • Supports projects to enhance federal fish and wildlife trust species and their habitats in the Southern Appalachian Ecosystem, in which this hatchery is located.
  • Provides environmental education whenever possible
  • Develop and maintain partnerships with chambers of commerce, state tourist organizations, congressional staffs, and other non-governmental organizations in order to promote regional support for the fish hatchery
  • Maintain a good working relationship with the Unicoi Co. Heritage Museum which is located on the grounds of the fish hatchery



Rainbow Trout broodfish

Happy Rainbow Trout Broodfish. Photo: N Heil, USFWS.

Egg Incubation System

Egg Incubation System. Photo: N Heil, USFWS.


Last updated: September 30, 2021