Chesapeake Bay Field Office
Northeast Region

A resource for people and their environment

Service Proposes to List the Eastern Black Rail as Threatened Under the Endangered Species Act

Eastern Black Rail. Credit: USFWS
Kenk's amphipod

October 5, 2018- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and its partners are working to protect a small, secretive marsh bird that is in steep decline. Some populations of the eastern black rail along the Atlantic coast have dropped by as much as 90 percent, and with a relatively small total population remaining across the eastern United States, the Service is proposing to list the subspecies as threatened under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).

After a review of the best available scientific and commercial information, the Service determined the eastern black rail meets the definition of threatened because it is likely to become endangered in the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range. A peer- reviewed species status assessment, produced by the Service, provides a biological risk assessment using the best available information on threats to the subspecies and evaluates its current condition. It also forecasts the eastern black rail’s biological status under varying future conditions.

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Small Shrimp-like Crustacean Will Not be Added to Endangered Species List

Amphipods are helpful indicators for water quality and are food for other animals like salamanders. Credit: USFWS
Kenk's amphipod

Conservation is underway at new sites with more Kenk's amphipods

September 28, 2017 - Thanks to collaborative state and federal efforts, the outlook is better for the Kenk's amphipod, proposed last year to be listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. The Service today announced the move to withdraw its proposed listing due in part to new survey data showing there are three sites containing additional populations in Virginia. New information on potential threats throughout the species’ range and recent conservation efforts, also led to the agency’s decision.

“Once we learned the range of the Kenk’s amphipod could be broader, we worked with partners to conduct additional species surveys,” said Paul Phifer, the Service’s assistant Northeast regional director. “The survey findings, along with the protections in place by the U.S. Army and The Nature Conservancy, led us to conclude the Kenk’s amphipod has a more secure future and is not threatened or endangered.”

News release
Federal Register




Partnership Creates Duck Habitat on Working Land

Planting one of the hummocks in the freshwater wetland. Photo credit: Olivia Donachie, Chesapeake Conservation Corps
Kids fishing at Masonville Cove. Photo Credit: National Aquarium

Natural Resources Conservation Services staff (NRCS) and Chesapeake Conservation Corps volunteers joined Chesapeake Bay Field Office staff to plant 700 native plants, shrubs and trees at a restored wetland on a working farm in Caroline County, Maryland. Restored through the Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program, the wetland is part of a larger 63-acre habitat project containing a mosaic of grasslands, forest, hedgerows, forested wetlands, and emergent wetlands. Wood duck nesting boxes were also installed to the delight of the landowner. These restored habitats will provide food and cover for a wide variety of waterfowl, as well as shorebirds, wading birds and grassland birds. Other partners included The Nature Conservancy, Maryland Department of Natural Resources, and Girl Scout Troop 1433.






Culvert Removal Opens Robinson River to Eastern Brook Trout!

Mission Accomplished - free flowing Robinson River. Photo credit: Peter Hujik Piedmont Environmental Council
Kids fishing at Masonville Cove. Photo Credit: National Aquarium

Our biologists worked with state and local partners and removed a failing culvert crossing the Robinson River in Madison County, Virginia. The culvert will be replaced with a more fish-friendly low water ford for occasional use, opening up the waterway for Eastern brook trout and other aquatic species. Chesapeake Bay Field Office staff was responsible for assessment, design and construction coordination for the culvert removal as well as staking out locations for in-stream structures that will stabilize the stream bed and also provide critical pool habitat. Our partners - the Virginia Fish and Wildlife Conservation Office (FWCO), Trout Unlimited, and Piedmont Environmental Council (PEC) - assessed Eastern brook trout populations in the river before the culvert was removed. Fish found below the site were marked so that the fish’s upstream movement can be tracked after the project is completed. Funding was provided by PEC and FWCO.






Connecting Baltimore Families to Parks, Green Spaces and Waterways

Kids fishing at Masonville Cove. Courtesy of National Aquarium
Kids fishing at Masonville Cove. Photo Credit: National Aquarium

The Obama Administration, joined by officials from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Environmental Protection Agency, the National Park Service and the U.S. Geological Survey, announced a series of targeted investments to enhance local parks and green spaces, clean waterways, expand environmental education programs and increase access to environmental data. More than 50 federal, state and local officials, nonprofit leaders, philanthropists and community activists participated in a White House Roundtable focused on future federal, state and local environmental collaboration for the city of Baltimore.

Investing in green space revitalizes urban communities – improving residents’ health, offering educational and recreational opportunities for young people, fostering a sense of community and enticing more businesses to build a vibrant local economy. Parks and green spaces also increase a city’s sustainability, reducing storm-water run-off and protecting streams and rivers from pollution.

Press Release
Baltimore Sun Story

Proposal to List Kenk’s Amphipod as Endangered

Groundwater amphipods are colorless, without eyes, and about the size of a
pinky fingernail. Photo credit: Maryland Department of Natural Resources
Groundwater amphipods are colorless, without eyes, and about the size of a pinky fingernail.  Photo credit: Maryland Department of Natural Resources

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced today a proposal to list Kenk’s amphipod (Stygobromus kenki) as an endangered species under the Endangered Species Act. The Kenk’s amphipod is a small (3.7 millimeters (mm) to 5.5 mm) groundwater crustacean. The amphipod’s current distribution includes six sites in D.C. and Maryland and four sites discovered this year on the Army’s A.P. Hill in Caroline County, Virginia. Multiple surveys over the past few years have failed to find the amphipod at five of the six northern sites. Poor water quality, habitat degradation and the effects of small population dynamics are identified as the primary threats to the species’ long term viability in the proposed rule. The Service invites peer review and public comment for 60 days on the proposed rule at under docket #FWS-R5-ES-2016-0030.

Press Release
Fact Sheet

Landmark Agreement with Exelon, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Uses Cutting-edge Science to Drive Fishes’ Return to Susquehanna River

American Shad. Photo Credit: USFWS
American Shad. Photo Credit: USFWS

Exelon Generation and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service today announced an agreement to restore American shad and river herring to the East Coast’s largest river over the next 50 years. Shad and river herring are returning to their spawning grounds on the Susquehanna River at their lowest numbers since the 1980s. Exelon will improve fish passage facilities at Conowingo Dam and transport up to 100,000 American shad and 100,000 river herring annually to their spawning grounds above all four dams.

News Release

New science-based tool targets best fish conservation efforts

Eastern brook trout. Photo Credit: Robert S. Michelson/Michelson, Inc.
Eastern brook trout. Photo Credit: Robert S. Michelson/Michelson, Inc.

The Fish Habitat Decision Support Tool, developed by environmental consulting firm Downstream Strategies, West Virginia University, and Critigen, with support from the Service, enables users to target and prioritize fish habitat conservation in the face of climate and land use change. Users can establish and rank conservation priorities, predict how species like brook trout will fare under various management scenarios and evaluate long-term conservation benefits.

Click to join the online webinar for this tool on March 9
News release

$10,000 Reward for 13 eagles found dead on Eastern Shore, MD

Eagle with Gizzard Shad. Photo credit: Randy Loftus/USFWS
Northern Long-eared Bat. Photo Credit: USFWS

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Maryland Natural Resources Police are asking the public for information about thirteen bald eagles found dead in Federalsburg, MD. On Saturday, February 20, 2016, a local citizen reported several dead eagles in a field near the intersection of Laurel Grove Road and Richardson Road. Investigators responded to the scene and discovered a total of thirteen dead eagles in the area. Although bald eagles are no longer listed under the Endangered Species Act, they are still federally protected by the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. Maximum fines under these acts are $100,000 and $15,000 respectively, with possible imprisonment up to one year. The Service and wildlife conservation organizations are offering rewards for information leading to a conviction. Anyone with information should call Special Agent John LaCorte with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Office of Law Enforcement in Cambridge, Maryland, at 410-228-2476, or the Maryland Natural Resources Police Hotline at 800-628-9944.

News Release

Northern Long-eared Bats and Your Project

Northern Long-eared Bat. Photo Credit: USFW
Northern Long-eared Bat. Photo Credit: USFWS

The listing of northern long-eared bat (Myotis septentrionalis) as a threatened species became effective on May 4, 2015. All projects in Delaware, Maryland, and Washington, DC should go through the Endangered Species Project Review. The Information for Planning and Conservation (IPaC) system helps determine if any threatened or endangered species may affect your project. Click here to see if the northern long-eared bat will be a concern for your project.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service proposed a special rule under section 4(d) of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) that will help the northern long-eared bats while limiting the regulatory burden on the public. Click here for more information on the final 4(d) rule for the northern long-eared bat.

Delmarva Fox Squirrel Leaps Off Endangered Species List!

Delmarva Peninsula fox squirrel. Photo Credit: Cherry Keller/USFWS
Delmarva Peninsula fox squirrel. Photo Credit: Cherry Keller/USFWS

Conservation efforts by states, landowners and others in partnership with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service have recovered the Delmarva Peninsula fox squirrel, one of the animals on the 1967 first endangered species list. Larger than other squirrel species and generally not found in urban areas, the Delmarva fox squirrel, as it is more commonly called, ranged throughout the Delmarva Peninsula before experiencing a sharp decline in the mid-20th century due to forest clearing for agriculture and development, short-rotation timber harvest and over-hunting. Efforts contributing to recovery included translocation of animals to establish new populations, closing of the targeted hunting season, growth and dispersal of the population, and protection of large forested areas for habitat.

Press Release
More About the Delmarva Fox Squirrel

East Capitol Urban Farm: Great for the Community and Wildlife

Photo Credit: USFWS
East Capitol Urban Farm Volunteers. Photo Credit: USFWS

Over 1,000 volunteers came together on Saturday, September 26 2015 to transform a 3-acre vacant lot in Washington D.C.’s Ward 7 into a community urban farm. Working through the Urban Waters Federal Partnership, DC Housing Authority, and University of the District of Columbia, the East Capitol Urban Farm will promote urban agriculture, provide a natural area for the local community and wildlife, and improve water quality. The Chesapeake Bay Field Office assisted in the design and construction of a nature discovery area, a pollinator garden, and nature trail. The DC Building Industry Association selected this site for its Annual Community Improvement Day. Other components include a community garden, public art, open space, and a rain garden.

East Capitol Urban Farm Video
Press Release

Expanding Urban Conservation in Baltimore

Photo Credit: USFWS
Northern Long-eared Bat. Photo Credit: USFWS

Urban wildlife conservation in Baltimore just got a boost. Two of the Chesapeake Bay Field Office’s urban wildlife conservation program partners, Living Classrooms Foundation and Outward Bound Baltimore, were awarded grants to help the city restore natural areas and increase opportunities for residents to connect with nature. Read more

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Press Release
National Fish and Wildlife Foundation Press Release

Northern Long-eared Bats and Your Project

Northern Long-eared Bat. Photo Credit: USFWS
Northern Long-eared Bat. Photo Credit: USFWS

The listing of northern long-eared bat (Myotis septentrionalis) as a threatened species became effective on May 4, 2015. All projects in Delaware, Maryland and Washington D.C. should go through the Endangered Species Project Review and follow instruction to access the Information for Planning and Conservation (IPaC) system to determine if northern long-eared bats occur in your project area.

If they occur in your project area and there will be forest clearing as part of your project, click to see if the northern long-eared bat will be a concern for your project.

Greater Baltimore Wilderness Coalition To Expand Green Network in Central Maryland

Greater Baltimore Wilderness Coalition collage

Baltimore Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake and U.S. Representative John Sarbanes, met with representatives from local, state and federal agencies, non-governmental organizations, and professional associations at Ridgely’s Cove to officially launch the Greater Baltimore Wilderness Coalition (GBWC). The coalition will work to expand a green network of public lands and trails, forests and wetlands, and resilient watersheds and shorelines that needed by wildlife and people.

The coalition will focus on protecting habitat for the region’s plants and animals, which has been disrupted by the development, highways, transmission lines, and other infrastructure. Natural areas not only benefit wildlife, but people too. Studies have demonstrated that access to nature benefits health, reduces crime, spurs investment, and improves local economies.

More About the Greater Baltimore Wilderness Coalition
Press Release
Greater Baltimore Wilderness Accord

Sentinel Landscapes Designation Protects Military Readiness and Wildlife

Aerial View of the Nanticoke River Watershed, courtesy of The Chesapeake Conservancy
Aerial View of the Nanticoke River Watershed, courtesy of The Chesapeake Conservancy

As part of the Sentinel Landscapes designation, parts of the Nanticoke River watershed will be now conserved and protected. Sentinel Landscapes preserve the working and rural character of the land, conserve wildlife habitat, and, protect test and training missions conducted by military installations. The Nanticoke River is the primary flight path for aircraft out of the Naval Air Station (NAS) Patuxent River.

By protecting lands beneath its Atlantic Test Ranges, NAS Patuxent River reduces noise and safety concerns, preventing costly testing delays, and protects wildlife corridors along the Nanticoke River. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Chesapeake Conservancy, The Nature Conservancy, Natural Resources Conservation Service, and many state and other non-governmental partners are working together to ensure that the lands in and around the Navy’s premier aircraft research, development, test, and evaluation area continue to support working farms, fishing and recreational opportunities, and sustain more than 260 rare plants and animals.

News Release (DOI)
Learn more



Ospreys Have Landed in Baltimore - Watch them on the OspreyCam

Click to be directed to the Osprey Cam.
Still image of Osprey on osprey cam.


This pair of osprey didn’t care that it was snowing on the first day of spring. They were busy building their nest! As part of the Masonville Cove Urban Wildlife Refuge Partnership, residents and students can watch these birds as they make their nest, lay eggs and rear their young. Even though many people may see these birds from afar, this wildlife camera provides an opportunity to watch and study the birds’ behavior without disturbing them. Later this summer, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service biologists will tag the birds with electronic monitors so their movements can be tracked as they migrate south to wintering grounds and then back to Baltimore next spring! Special thanks goes out to Maryland Port Administration for funding the Osprey Cam and other partners including: the Maryland Environmental Service, National Aquarium, Living Classrooms, and Patuxent Research Refuge for support of this project!






U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Protects Northern Long-eared Bat Under ESA, also Issues Interim Special 4(d) Rule

Northern long-earred bat cave. Photo credit: Jill Utrup USFWS
NLEB cave. Photo by Jill Utrup - USFWS

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced it is protecting the northern long-eared bat as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), primarily due to the threat posed by white-nose syndrome, a fungal disease that has devastated many bat populations.

At the same time, the Service issued an interim special rule that eliminates unnecessary regulatory requirements for landowners, land managers, government agencies and others in the range of the northern long-eared bat. The public is invited to comment on this interim rule. 

In the United States, the northern long-eared bat is found from Maine to North Carolina on the Atlantic Coast, westward to eastern Oklahoma and north through the Dakotas, reaching into eastern Montana and Wyoming. 

News Release
Learn More


Proposed Special Rule to Focus Protections for Northern Long-Eared Bat 

Northern long-eared bat. Photo credit USFWS
Northern long-eared bat. Photo,  FWS

Due to the rapid and severe decline of the northern long-eared bat – a species important for crop pest control – the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is proposing a special rule under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) that would help the species while limiting the regulatory burden on the public.

If finalized, the rule, under section 4(d) of the ESA, would apply only in the event the Service lists the bat as “threatened.” The Service’s proposal will appear in the Federal Register
Jan. 16, 2015, opening a 60-day public comment period.

White-nose syndrome (WNS) is devastating the nation’s bat populations. Common sense protections to support vulnerable bat species while minimizing impact on human activities are needed. Through this proposed 4(d) rule, the Service is seeking public comment on how it can use the flexibilities in the ESA to protect the bat and economic activity.

News Release
FAQs about the proposed rule
Northern long-eared bat range map with WNS buffer zone


7th Annual Mid-Atlantic Stream Restoration Conference in 2015

Photo credit USFWS
Stream Image. Photo credit, USFWS

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Chesapeake Bay Field Office, Stream Habitat and Assessment team is partnering with Resource Institue for the development of the 7th Annual Mid-Atlantic Stream Restoration Conference (MASRC) in 2015. Participants will include federal, state, and local agencies, academic institutions, non-profit organizations, and private companies.

The MASRC will provide an opportunity for individuals involved with streams to share ideas and lessons learned in stream restoration planning, assessment, design, construction, and evaluation and other topical stream issues. The conference includes presentations, discussions, exhibits, pre-conference workshops, and tours of local ecosystem restoration projects. Scientists and practitioners are encouraged to share experiences, network with colleagues, and become involved in shaping the future of stream restoration in the Mid-Atlantic.

More Information

Red Knot Receives Protection Under Endangered Species Act

Red Knot. Photo credit Greg Breese/USFWS
Red Knot credit Greg Breese USFWS

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service today announced federal protection for the rufa subspecies of the red knot, a robin-sized shorebird, designating it as threatened under the Endangered Species Act. The red knot is a remarkable bird known to migrate thousands of miles a year from the Canadian Arctic to the southern tip of South America. Unfortunately, this hearty shorebird is no match for the effects of climate change, coastal development, and historic horseshoe crab overharvesting, which have sharply reduced its population in recent decades.

News Release
Maps, Video, Photos and More Red Knot Resources


Creating a More Resilient Coast

Hurricane Sandy. Photo credit: NOAA
Image of Hurricane Sandy. Photo courtesy of NOAA

It’s been 2 years since Hurricane Sandy struck the Atlantic Coast communities. The Service has been working to restore coastal areas and help make our communities more resilient in the face of future storms. The first phase of one of these, the Ferry Point, Nanticoke River – Pocomoke Sound Marsh Project, has been completed.

High tides from the storm spread Phagmites, an invasive plant with little value to fish and wildlife. Unlike native grasses with high density root systems, Phragmites’ thin roots make soils more susceptible to erosion by waves.

Two thousand acres of degraded marsh on the Nanticoke River in Dorchester and Wicomico counties were treated to control Phragmites. Removing this plant restores the marsh, protecting part of Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge and nearby private land from storms. The restored marsh also provides public hunting and fishing opportunities and supports nature tourism in the town of Vienna, MD.

Read more
Watch Video
Take an Interactive Tour of Hurricane Sandy Projects

Restoring Streams with Low Cost and Low Impact Solution

Top left: Headcut before repair Mark Secrist USFWS
Top right: Log placement Mark Secrist USFWS
Bottom left; Headcut after repair Mark Secrist USFWS
Bottom right: Volunteers plant native ferns along repaired stream Janet Norman USFWS
collage of stream restoration images

Located in the center of Anne Arundel County, the South River Greenway is one of the last remaining intact forest tracts and stream valley wetlands in the county including 100 miles of streams, 800 acres of wetlands and 6,000 acres of forest. The tiny streams meandering through this area eventually drain into the South River.

A collaborative effort is underway to protect and restore the wildlife and natural resources here. It is an especially important area to forest interior birds and reptiles. The American eel is currently found in the streams in the watershed, and river herring historically spawned here.

Just as important are the ecosystem functions provided by the intact forest such as cooling and slowing stream water and filtering stormwater entering the South River and, ultimately, the Chesapeake Bay.

Read more




ANNOUNCEMENT: Decades of Conservation Success Recover Delmarva Fox Squirrel, Now Proposed for Removal from Endangered Species List  

Delmarva Fox Squirrel. Photo Credit: USFWS 
Image of a Delmarva Fox Squirrel. Photo Credit USFWS

Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell announced today that due to concerted conservation efforts by landowners and other partners, the Delmarva Peninsula fox squirrel, one of the animals included on the first list of endangered species nearly a half century ago, has recovered across many parts of its historic range, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is proposing to remove it from Endangered Species Act protection. The proposal is based on an extensive review of the best scientific and commercial data available which determined that the squirrel is no longer in danger of extinction through all or a significant portion of its range, and it is not likely to become so within the foreseeable future.

Press Release
More Information


Endangered Species Funding Will Help Protect Land for Bog Turtles in Maryland

At only about 4 inches long, the bog turtle is North America's smallest turtle.  Credit: USFWS
At only about 4 inches long, the bog turtle is North America's smallest turtle. 


The Maryland Department of Natural Resources will receive $153,231 to support protection of one of the best bog turtle sites in the state and ensure the turtles have long-term connection to other wetland sites in the area. Research at this site has helped improve understanding of the ecology of this threatened species to information recovery efforts. “We thank the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service for helping us provide additional protection for this endangered species," said Jonathan McKnight, DNR Wildlife and Heritage associate director. "Maryland is the primary stronghold for bog turtles and this grant will help us to conserve the unique habitats they need to live and thrive." 

News Release


Girl Scouts of the Chesapeake Bay Protect Threatened Puritan Tiger Beetle

Top: Photo by Jared Parks, Eastern Shore Land Conservancy. Bottom Left: Photo by Susi von Oettingen, USFWS. Bottom Right: Photo by Jared Parks, Eastern Shore Land Conservancy
Image of girl scout & tiger beetle


More than 170 acres on Girl Scouts of the Chesapeake Bay’s Camp Grove Point in Earleville, Maryland, have been protected with a perpetual conservation easement that puts the recovery of the federally threatened Puritan tiger beetle (Cicindela puritana) within reach. The property’s 2,200 feet of eroding cliffs at the mouth of the Sassafras River provide the unique habitat needed by the beetle, a creature smaller than the tip of a fingernail yet a fierce predator in the insect world. Read more







Tune in to online information webcasts on the northern long-eared bat

Some populations of the northern long-eared bat in the Northeast have declined by 99 percent since symptoms of white-nose syndrome were first observed in the winter of 2006-2007. Credit: USFWS
Some populations of the northern long-eared bat in the Northeast have declined by 99 percent since symptoms of white-nose syndrome were first observed in the winter of 2006-2007. Credit: USFWS

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service will hold three public information webcasts August 19-21 to provide information and answer questions about our proposal to list the northern long-eared bat as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. Webcasts will be Tuesday, August 19, at 1 p.m. Eastern; Wednesday, August 20, at 4 p.m. Eastern; and Thursday, August 21, at 7 p.m. Eastern. People can join the 1-hour information sessions by calling a toll-free number and joining a web conference to view a presentation and participate in a facilitated question-and-answer session.

Meeting advisory
More on the northern long-eared bat





Comment Period Reopened for Listing Northern Long-Eared Bat as Endangered

Northern long-eared bat with visible symptoms of white-nose syndrome.
Photo: Steven ThomasNPS
Northern Long Earred Bat. Photo by Steven Thomas of NPS

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has reopened the comment period for 60 days, through August 29, 2014, on a proposal to list the northern long-eared bat as an endangered species under the Endangered Species Act. The Service has also extended the agency’s deadline to April 2, 2015, to make its final decision on whether to list the species. The Service proposed to list the bat as endangered on October 2, 2013, citing white-nose syndrome, a disease that has killed millions of bats, as the greatest threat to the species.

News release






Making Streamside Buffers Self-Sustainable

Forest buffer. Photo: Rich Mason/USFWS
Forest buffer.  Photo by Rich Mason

Forty Maryland landowners in Frederick, Carroll, and Allegany Counties received some much appreciated assistance with 15 miles of streamside buffers planted several years ago. The work included removing tree shelters, straightening tree shelters, replacing stakes, and controlling invasive plants. These efforts will help make these buffers self-sustaining and a permanent part of the landscape. The buffers provide nesting and feeding habitat to many migratory birds and help to reduce nutrient runoff, improving water quality for aquatic wildlife.

Read more....






U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Seeks to Engage Public on Eagle Management 

Photo: Craig Koppie/USFWS
Image of Eagle Flying. Photo Credit, Craig Koppie

The bald eagle's recovery from near extinction in the lower 48 states is an American success story, and the Service remains committed to the conservation of bald and golden eagles. The Service announced it will engage the public as it works to revise a rule governing how permits are issued for the non-purposeful take of bald and golden eagles. The Service will host five public information meetings in various locations around the country and open a 90-day public comment period.

Read more....









Phragmites Control Will Restore Coastal Function of Nanticoke Wetlands 

Image of invasive phragmities

Through the Hurricane Sandy Relief Activities Grant, the Delmarva Resource Conservation and Development Council received $497,000 from U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to collaborate with Maryland Department of Natural Resources to manage the invasive plant Phragmites australis on 2,000 acres of wetlands within the Nanticoke watershed in Maryland.

An environmental assessment was conducted describing the environmental effects of the control methods considered including chemical, biological, mechanical harvesting, hydrologic manipulation, prescribed fire, and no action.

Environmental Assessment for Control of Phragmites australis Nanticoke Watershed, Maryland



Habitat Restoration Helps Wildlife and the Economy!

The removal of the invasive nutria from Maryland wetlands contributed $2.5 million to the local economy and added 55 jobs in 2011. Photo: USFWS
Image of Nutria.

A new peer-reviewed analysis highlights how the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service habitat restoration programs stimulate local economies by creating jobs, supporting local businesses, and supporting local tax revenues. The report, Restoration Returns: The Contribution of Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program and Coastal Program Projects to Local U.S. Economies, found that these programs created more than 3,900 jobs in Fiscal Year 2011, generating a total economic stimulus of $327.6 million. Read more here.

Press Release
Restoration Returns report












Chesapeake Bay Field Office Works with Delmarva Power to Replace Invasive Shrubs

CBFO Staff planting wax myrtle
Left: CBFO's Emily Starnes planting wax myrtle. Right: CBFO's Chris DeVore (left) and Robbie Callahan (right) auger holes for wax myrtle shrubs.
Photos by Christine Carpenter/USFWS

After last spring’s successful removal of non-native autumn olive in the Northbrook Subdivision, Queen Anne’s County MD, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service again partnered with Delmarva Power and Queen Anne's County Department of Parks and Recreation to complete a follow-up for homeowners that did not participate the previous year. On April 2nd, 580 feet of the invasive shrub were removed and replaced with 80 native evergreen wax myrtle shrubs. Autumn olive competes with native plants and adversely affects the nitrogen cycle of the soil.

Five years ago, the Chesapeake Bay Field Office's Partners program restored 100 acres of grassland, forests, and wetlands on Bloomfield Farm Park, Queen Anne’s County MD. Several years later, the natural areas soon became over-run with invasive plants, mostly autumn olive.

Birds had been spreading the seeds from a nearby traffic buffer and Delmarva Power right-of-way along state Route 213 near the Northbrook subdivision.

In 2012, more than 20 landowners agreed to provide partners, access to the overgrown hedgerow so that the invasive autumn olive could be removed and replaced with about 200 native evergreen wax myrtle shrubs.

The wax myrtle will provide year-round cover for the homeowners, and the attractive berries will provide food for birds and other wildlife. Wax myrtle is one of many native plants used to restore habitat, protect the Chesapeake Bay, and keep nearby Corsica and Chester rivers clean.

“Reducing the spread of autumn olive protects the young forests and meadows in Bloomfield Farm Park,” said U.S. Fish and Wildlife biologist Rich Mason. “Besides providing food and habitat for birds, the wax myrtle will grow into an attractive buffer between residents' backyards and a busy road,” he added.



1,600 Acres of Fantastic Bird Habitat Protected In Pocomoke River Watershed
Top left: Prothonotary warbler, Nell Baldaccino, USFWS
Top right: American black duck, Gene Nieminen, USFWS
Bottom left: Wood thrush, Steve Maslowski, USFWS
Bottom right: Worm-eating warbler, courtesy of BillHubrick
Pocomoke birds

Migratory songbirds, shorebirds and waterfowl got a boost with the announcement of $1 million North American Wetlands Conservation Act grant to conserve and restore wetlands in the Maryland portion of the Pocomoke River watershed in Wicomico and Worcester counties. This project will add 1,600 acres of permanently protected wetlands and uplands for migratory birds: 900 acres to the Pocomoke Forest and 700 acres to the Nassawango Creek Preserve. A total of 75 acres of wetlands will be enhanced. With matching funds of $2.88 million, the project will protect high quality flyway and nesting habitat for a diversity of bird species. Partners include the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Maryland Department of Natural Resources and The Nature Conservancy.

A total of $61 million in North American Wetlands Conservation Act funds will conserve more than 200,000 acres of wetlands and other migratory bird habitat in the United States, Canada, and Mexico, and add 5,072 acres to five national wildlife refuges.

News Release
Other North American Wetlands Conservation Act Grant Projects in the U.S.   



More Than 35,500 Trees Planted For Wildlife and Water Quality
Kentucky Warbler with Chicks by Steve Maslowski/USFWS
Kentucky warbler with chicks steve maslowski USFWS

Despite the snow and cold, spring is here and as proof of that Chesapeake Bay Field Office Partners for Fish and Wildlife staff finished several forest plantings in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. Over 35,500 trees, mainly oak species, were planted on 2 properties in Kent County DE and 1 property in Sussex County DE. The newly planted acreage totals almost 91 acres and, as the trees mature, will connect to existing forest land creating vital wildlife corridors. The new forest habitat will provide food and homes for many wildlife species especially forest dependent birds like wood thrushes, pileated woodpeckers, and Kentucky warblers. In addition, the plantings will reduce runoff, thus improving water quality for fish and crab populations in the Chesapeake Bay.  









Workshop Stresses Improvement of Stream Functions

Stream Functions Pyramid
Stream Functions Pyramid

Stream restoration has many meanings. Some define restoration as a return to pre-disturbed conditions. Others take a broader approach and define it as the improvement of stream functions to a reference condition.

The Chesapeake Bay Field Office and Stream Mechanics led a workshop applying the Stream Functions Pyramid Framework to regenerative design restoration. Regenerative design is a relatively new approach to stream restoration. Practitioners and regulators have been struggling to communicate the benefits of these projects due to either lack of data or the organization of data.

EPA-Chesapeake Bay Program recognized the potential for the Framework to address this breakdown and asked that training be provided to regulators and practitioners. The goal: consensus on how the Stream Functions Pyramid Framework should be applied to regenerative design projects to improve permit review significantly.

Read more




Dr. Mamie Parker Reminds Students: No Obstacles Are Too Great
Mamie Parker speaking to high school students by Devin Ray/USFWS
Mamie Parker speaking to high school students by Deven Ray USFWS

Mamie Parker, former Assistant Director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, riveted a student audience at Ben Franklin High School at Masonville Cove in Baltimore MD. She recapped the many hardships she endured while growing up but emphasized she did not let them block her from working for what she loved most; wildlife and the environment.

Dr. Parker is currently on the Board of Directors of the Chesapeake Conservancy, an organization dedicated to strengthening the connection between people and the watershed.

Chesapeake Bay Field Office biologist, Devin Ray, then elaborated to the 9th, 11th, and 12th graders about career choices in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service including wildlife biologist, fishery biologist, refuge manager, wildlife inspector, firefighter, pilot, IT specialist and more.

Ben Franklin High School is part of the Urban Refuge Initiative partnership at Masonville Cove Environmental Education Center. Other partners include Living Classrooms Foundation, National Aquarium, Maryland Port Administration, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife.

Masonville Cove Urban Wildlife Refuge Partnership





Birds of a Feather: Conservation Decoys
Cattle Egret with Egret decoys. Photo by Pete Mcgowan/USFWS
cattle egret with egret decoys photo by Pete Mcgowan USFWS

The Ward Museum of Wildfowl Art (Salisbury, MD) has requested several of the Chesapeake Bay Field Office’s common tern and least tern decoys for use in a new exhibit focusing on decoys as tools to attract waterbirds to restored or created habitats.

Along with voice recordings, the tern decoys successfully attracted both common and least terns to high quality nesting areas on Poplar Island. The exhibit will also display commercially made egret decoys that were used to successfully relocate a colony of snowy and cattle egrets to higher quality nesting habitat on the island.

The exhibit will be on display March 28 through June 8, 2014 in the Welcome Gallery of the Ward Museum. It will also include other decoys and the artists who devote their skills to making them.




Modifications at Wind Power Project Will Help Protect Indiana Bats 
Indiana bat. USFWS Photo
image of an Indiana Bat

Working with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Criterion Power Partners, LLC has committed to using habitat conservation measures at its 28-turbine wind project in Garrett County, Maryland to avoid and minimize effects of the wind project on endangered Indiana bats (Myotis sodalis) and other wildlife.

The conservation measures being taken by the wind facility were required in order for the Service to issue an incidental take permit and approve a habitat conservation plan. The permit covers take of 12 Indiana bats associated with turbine operations over a 20 year period The company has committed to modifying operations to reduce bat collisions with turbine blades, and adjusting operations to minimize blade rotation at night. In addition an avian protection plan was developed to lower the risk for migratory birds.

Press release
Frequently asked questions
Documents available for public review




Cities Gone Wild!
Masonville Cove kids fishing. Courtesy of National Aquarium
3 Osprey chick placed into foster nest on the South River, Maryland photo by Pete McGowan USFWS

Urban life is not always conducive to communing with nature. Harried adults navigate rush hour traffic between work and home, and many children and teens spend much of their free time gripping an Xbox controller. To the 80 percent of Americans living in cities, the natural world can seem as distant as the stars. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) aspires to address this issue with its new Urban Wildlife Refuge Initiative. Read more...










$1.6 million to conserve coastal wetlands in Charles County, Maryland
Coastal wetland. USFWS Photo
image of a coastal wetland

$1.6 million to conserve coastal wetlands in Charles County, Maryland

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced today that $1.6 million in grants will permanently protect 370 acres in Charles County, Maryland. An additional $743,500 will be provided by partner contributions. The Maryland Department of Natural Resources, in partnership with the Trust for Public Land and Charles County, will acquire the 220- and 150-acre properties, which will be held and managed by the Charles County Department of Parks and Recreation. The properties are important foraging areas for bald eagles and endangered shortnose sturgeon, breeding areas for coastal migratory birds, and support 11 state listed species. The first property on Popes Creek, within the Zekiah Swamp area, contains 92 acres of upland forest and 128 acres of wetlands, as well as some open water and beachfront.  Plans include the creation of a trail along an abandoned railway bed. The second property will protect habitat at the boundary of the freshwater and estuarine wetlands along the Port Tobacco River, offer new public access, and allow restoration of upland forest to further enhance filtration and buffering of wetlands and river.

For more information contact:
Dan Murphy, Chesapeake Bay Field Office, 410/573-4521,
Kent Whitehead, Trust for Public Land, 202/543-7552,
Tom McCarthy, Maryland Department of Natural Resources, 410/260-8429,

Press Release - Secretary Jewell, Director Ashe Announce $16.5 Million in Grants to Conserve wetlands Conserve Coastal Wetlands



Public Scoping Meeting 
Image of eaglets nesting. Photo by Craig Koppie/USFWS
3 Osprey chick placed into foster nest on the South River, Maryland photo by Pete McGowan USFWS

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) invites the public to an open house and scoping meeting to be held on January 15, 2014 from 6:00 to 8:00 p.m. The USFWS is preparing an Environmental Assessment (EA) to address the potential impacts of the issuance of a Programmatic Take Permit (permit) pursuant to the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (BGEPA ; 16 USC 668 – 668d) and implementation of the associated Eagle Conservation Plan. Read more...  








Biologists Find Foster Nests for Osprey Chicks 
Three Osprey chicks placed into foster nest on the South River, Maryland
Photo by Pete McGowan/USFWS
3 Osprey chick placed into foster nest on the South River, Maryland photo by Pete McGowan USFWS

Each year, the Chesapeake Bay Field Office (CBFO) works with Tri-State Bird Rescue and Research Inc. in Newark, DE to place displaced osprey chicks into suitable foster nests at the Paul S. Sarbanes Ecosystem Restoration Project at Poplar Island (PIERP) and other locations around the Chesapeake Bay. 

This year, three pre-fledging ospreys that left their nests prematurely were recovered and delivered to Tri-State for rehabilitation. After successful rehabilitation, all three chicks were returned to the CBFO biologists for relocation into suitably aged foster nests on the South River, Maryland. Ten days later, two additional young ospreys were received from Tri-State and relocated into foster nests on the South River and PIERP.  

In an effort to minimize holding times and stress on the foster chicks, the biologists conducted reconnaissance of several osprey nests the day before the chicks were to be relocated. Subsequent monitoring of the foster nests indicates that all five foster chicks successfully fledged. Biologists have successfully relocated 16 osprey young between 2009 and 2013.


Restoring Maryland Wetlands to Protect Coastal Communities from Future Storms
Nanticoke River Wetland 
Credit: Dan Murphy/USFWS
Nanticoke River Wetland Dan Murphy USFWS

In advance of next week’s one-year anniversary of Hurricane Sandy, Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell announced that a total of $162 million will be invested in 45 restoration and research projects to better protect Atlantic Coast communities from future powerful storms. One of these projects is the Ferry Point, Nanticoke River – Pocomoke Sound Marsh Restoration. The U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Maryland Department of Natural Resources will treat 2,000 acres of degraded wetlands on the Nanticoke River in Dorchester and Wicomico counties with herbicide to control Phragmites and restore natural hydrology to 600 acres of ditched and drained wetlands on Pocomoke Sound in Somerset County.

CBFO News release
DOI News release




Service Proposes to List Red Knot as a Threatened Species Under the Endangered Species Act 
The bird is one of the longest-distance migrants in the animal kingdom. With wingspans of 20 inches, some knots fly more than 9,300 miles from south to north every spring and repeat the trip in reverse every autumn. 
Credit: Gregory Breese/USFWS

Photo of Red Knot. USFWS.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service today released a proposal to list the rufa red knot (Calidris canutus rufa), a robin-sized shorebird that annually migrates from the Canadian Arctic to southern Argentina, as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act. After an exhaustive scientific review of the species and its habitat, Service biologists determined that the knot meets the definition of threatened, meaning it is likely to become in danger of extinction in the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range. The knot, whose range includes 25 countries and 40 U.S. states, uses spring and fall stopover areas along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts. Changing climate conditions are already affecting the bird’s food supply, the timing of its migration and its breeding habitat in the Arctic. The shorebird also is losing areas along its range due to sea level rise, shoreline projects, and development.

News release
More information, including photos, video and questions/answers





Masonville Cove Urban Refuge: Connecting People With Nature  

What began as the restoration of an abandoned and contaminated area near Baltimore Harbor has grown into a nationally recognized partnership connecting the city’s residents to the outdoors.The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service designated Masonville Cove as the nation’s first Urban Wildlife Refuge Partnership on September 26, 2013.

Read the article from the Baltimore sun:, and the Bay Journal:

Living shoreline at Masonville Cove, Baltimore's newest urban wildlife refuge. MCEEC photo.
Living shoreline at Masonville Cove, across the harbor from Baltimore City. Photo courtesy MCEEC.


Dam Removed From Premier Trout Stream in Virginia

This summer, a derelict dam was finally removed from Mossy Creek in Augusta County, Virginia. In addition to the dam removal, nearly 2,300 linear feet of stream were restored back to a more natural state.

Like so many other waterways on the East Coast, Mossy Creek was altered through time to meet the needs of the community. During the 18th century, an ironworks including a forge, furnace and other facilities, like a flour mill, existed here. A wooden dam and raceway channeled water needed for these operations. 

Read more... 


Photos of Mossy Creek project. From top left: Old dam. Right: dam removal. Center left: Degraded Mossy Creek.Right: Newly completed restoration. Lower left: Finished project. Right: Amphibian-eye view of creek. Upper right photo by Seth Coffman Trout Unlimited. All others, Ben Hutzell, USFWS


Reconnecting Tax Ditches to Their Natural Floodplains
Ditch at Deep Creek Delaware. Photo courtesy of Delaware Forest Service.

Ditch at Deep Creek DE courtesy of Delaware Forest Service .

Delaware has over 2,000 miles of artificial tax ditches. After a major storm, these ditches act as a rapid conduit channeling runoff containing sediments, pollutants, and excessive nutrients downstream into rivers and eventually the Chesapeake Bay.

But that’s changing. As part as a larger effort to restore rivers, like the Nanticoke, local tax ditch associations, non-profit groups, state agencies and federal partners are working together to reconnect these tax ditches to their floodplains.

This allows excessive rain to overspill the banks and flow into nearby woodlands, letting the forest serve as a natural filter. Restoring the natural function of the forests not only improves water quality, but also provides habitat for the wildlife that thrive in forest wetland ecosystems.
Read more here….

Famous Delaware "Falcon Cam" Chicks Fitted with Bands For Future Flight
Peregrine falcon chicks in Willmington, Delaware. Photo by Craig Koppie, USFWS.

Photo of peregrine falcon chicks. USFWS photo.

The four peregrine falcon chicks given starring roles on the DNREC Falcon Cam  – sponsored by the Delaware Ornithological Society and DuPont’s Clear Into the Future initiative – were outfitted for their future this week. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service raptor biologist, Craig Koppie, banded the chicks in order to gather biological and biographical data from them as they spread their wings into adulthood.

Read the press release:





Restore a Stream, Restore a Community

Watts Branch before, during and after restoration. USFWS photo.
Watts Branch before, during and after restoration. USFWS photo.

In 2010, a partnership formed to restore Watts Branch, a tributary of the Anacostia River, one of the most urban watersheds in the Chesapeake Bay drainage basin. The main focus was to restore the eroded stream channel and improving habitat for local fish and wildlife. But restoring Watts Branch also had a substantial impact on the local economy, supporting 45 jobs, $2.6 million in labor income and $3.4 million in value added.

For more information:

Read the News Release

Read the Fact Sheet


U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service study shows decreased tumor rate in Anacostia River bullhead catfish
Catfish tumors found in earlier Anacostia River populations. USFWS photo..
Buullhead catfish with lip tumor. USFWS photo.

A 2009-2011 U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service study in the Anacostia River shows that bullhead catfish have about half the percentage of tumors as those collected in 1996 and 2001. 

Liver tumors are caused by polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which are found in coal, oil and gasoline, with the most toxic compounds occurring when these fuels are burned.

Read the article from the Washington City Paper

Read the fact sheet here.

Read the report here.

Chesapeake Bay Nutria Eradication Program announces newsletter

First issue of the Chesapeake Bay Nutria Eradication Programs newsletter, inaugural issue..
Thumbnail image of CBNEP newsletter.

Charged with eradicating the invasive nutria from the Delmarva Peninsula, a team of specialists spent 8 years developing trapping strategies to eliminate this destructive animal. More than 13,500 nutria were removed from nearly 160,000 acres of marshes. Today Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, the core of the infestation, is virtually nutria-free. Now the team is gearing up to use these methods on the remaining populations on the Eastern Shore.

Read Nutria News here.







Yellow Perch abnormalities linked to development and pollution in three Maryland rivers
Yellow perch. Illustration by Duane Raver.
Illustration of a yellow prch by Duane Raver.

Federal and state scientists have found reproductive abnormalities in yellow perch in three Maryland rivers that flow through highly suburban or rapidly developing areas. The results of the three-year study by U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Maryland Department of Natural Resources help explain the biology behind poor
survival of yellow perch eggs and larvae in some Chesapeake Bay tidal rivers running through suburban areas. Published studies suggest these abnormalities result from
exposure to environmental contaminants, but more research is necessary to identify specific contaminants and their role in fish reproduction.

Read more here . . .
Read the article in the Baltimore Sun . . .

Latest Scientific Review is Good News for Delmarva Fox Squirrel!

Delmarva Peninsula fox squirrel. Photo by Mary Konchar.
Delmarva Peninsula fox squirrel. Photo by Mary Konchar.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) has completed a scientific review of all available information about the Delmarva Peninsula fox squirrel, more commonly called the Delmarva fox squirrel, which has been on the List of Threatened and Endangered Wildlife as endangered since 1967. The review concludes that the squirrel is recovered and recommends proposing to remove it from the list. The Service will begin working on this proposal.

The Endangered Species Act requires the Service to use the best available scientific and commercial data to conduct a review of each threatened and endangered species every five years. This review ensures the accuracy of the species’ classification as threatened or endangered. The Service’s analysis of the best available data concludes that the fox squirrel’s abundance and distribution is sufficient to withstand current and future threats. In addition, populations have enough suitable habitat to continue expansion and movement between populations. The overall abundance and range-wide distribution of the species makes it resilient to losses that might occur from sea level rise or any other threats.

Read more here . . .

"Will My Project Affect Endangered or Threatened Species?"

Delmarva fox squirrel. USFWS photo.
Photo of a Delmarva fox squirrel. USFWS photo.

The Chesapeake Bay Field Office reviews proposed projects in the Maryland, Delaware and Washington D.C. region for potential impacts to federally listed endangered and threatened species.

The first step is to see if any of these species occur near your project site. You will need to give us a project description, including the location on USGS map(s). We then provide a list of any federally listed species in the project area and potential impacts that must be considered. If there are no endangered species present, you do not need to consult further.

This can all be done through regular mail, but to expedite the process, use the online List Request!


Masonville: Successful Environmental Stewardship in Baltimore’s Backyard

A view of Baltimore's skyline from Masonville Cove. Photo by Laurie Hewitt, USFWS
A view of Baltimore's skyline from Masonville Cove. Photo by Laurie Hewitt, USFWS

Through the Dredged Material Management Program, the Maryland Port Authority works with partners, including the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Chesapeake Bay Field Office to store material dredged from shipping channels to restore wildlife, create recreation areas, and provide environmental education opportunities.

Masonville is the newest dredged material placement site. Because the material placed at the site is transforming parts of the Patapsco River into land, the operations have triggered a variety of projects that balance the impact on the river.

The first stewardship project was the opening of the Masonville Cove Environmental Education Center in 2009. Today officials announced the opening of the second phase: the nature area.

Just a few years ago, the land was full of dangerous trash and debris and home to invasive plants. Now it is hosts cleaner soil, native trees and shrubs, and wetland plants. The nature area is now open for passive recreational use. People can come to Masonville and walk trails, dock your kayak or canoe, fish, or bird watch.

But there is more to come. Under a new Memorandum of Agreement, biologists will provide the Maryland Port Authority with expertise to plan for, enhance and manage the restored habitats and the wildlife that will colonize these new areas.

The Chesapeake Bay Field Office will also collaborate with the Maryland Port Authority, the Masonville Environmental Education Center and other stakeholders to enhance existing environmental education programs and pursue new ways to bring wildlife education to the students and citizens of the Baltimore area.

Free App for 11 National Wildlife Refuges in Chesapeake Bay Region

New App for Bay-area National Wildlife Refuges
Screen shot of new App for Bay-area National Wildlife Refuges

With iPhones in hand, visitors to national wildlife refuges in the Chesapeake Bay region can now photograph and share their sightings with a worldwide community of wildlife watchers. The free National Wildlife Refuges Chesapeake Bay app is a new tool for exploring the outdoors and is available for download from the App Store. The app was developed through a partnership among the Chesapeake Conservancy and National Geographic Society with support from the Service.

For more information:
USFWS National Wildlife Refuge System

Video: Dan Ashe explains the new Chesapeake Bay Refuge App



Dam Removal Will Open Brook Trout Stream in Frederick County, Maryland

Clifford Branch dam before and during removal. Conor Bell, USFWS photo.
Photo of Clifford Branch dam before removal. USFWS photo.
Photo of Clifford dam being demolished. USFWS photo.they

The Clifford Branch dam once provided drinking water for the City of Frederick. Now the city no longer needs it. But the dam still constricts and alters water levels and is a barrier to fish passage.

On September 11 2012, the task of removing the dam and restoring the stream began.
Removing the dam will open approximately 3 miles of habitat for brook trout, the only native trout in the Chesapeake Bay watershed and prized by fly fishers.

Although highly valued as a recreational fish, brook trout are also very significant biologically. Since require pristine, stable waterways, brook trout are indicators of good stream quality.

This restoration project will remove the dam, remove/replace the inlet structure and return the adjacent stream to a stable, self-maintaining state by the use of Natural Channel Design techniques.

Partners include the Potomac Conservancy, City of Frederick, Frederick County, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Chesapeake Bay Field Office. Funding for this project was provided by grants from FishAmerica Foundation and Chesapeake Bay Trust.

For more information contact:
Ben Hutzell





Bald Eagles Still Need Our Support!

Bald eagle. USFWS photo
Photo of a bald eagle. USFWS photo.

The recovery of the bald eagle, our Nation's symbol, is an American success story. Though no longer protected under the Endangered Species Act, bald eagles remain protected under the Bald Eagle and Golden Eagle Protection Act (Eagle Act). The Eagle Act prohibits anyone from taking or disturbing bald eagles and their nests. To help landowners, land managers and others avoid disturbing bald eagles, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service developed National Bald Eagle Management Guidelines.

Read on...

Mark Secrist and Ben Hutzell recognized for their flood recovery efforts in Vermont

Mark Secrist and Ben Hutzell receive awards for flood recovery efforts. USFWS photo.
Mark Secrest and Ben Hutzell receive awards for flood recovery errorts. USFWS photo.

On August 28, 2011, Hurricane Irene swept up the east coast, dumping as much as 10 inches of rain in some areas. Historic rainfall flooded streams and rivers, choking them with sediment and debris, destroying aquatic habitat and affecting geomorphic capacity.

The Service worked with the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources to mobilize experts to assess the devastation. In October, 2011, Mark and Ben surveyed several streams in Vermont, and provided guidance and help to state and local partners for damage repair.

We are pleased to share the recognition that these employees have received for their hard work and dedication.

Restored Watts Branch is Model for America’s Great Outdoors Rivers Initiative

Watts Branch before, and after restoration. USFWS photo.
A photo of Watts branch before and after restoration. USFWS photo.

Once piped and concrete-lined, Watts Branch, a severely degraded stream in the Anacostia River watershed, is now a model for stream restoration. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Chesapeake Bay Field Office, formed a partnership with District of Columbia’s Department of the Environment, and the Natural Resources Conservation Service worked together to stabilize the eroding banks, recreate a natural floodplain and create habitat for local fish, birds and other wildlife birds.

It’s all part of America’s Great Outdoors Rivers Initiative!

Fact sheet
Press release
DOI America's Great Outdoors Rivers Initative press release

Schoolyard Habitats Earns Maryland School Green Ribbon Recognition

Dunloggin students try their hand at removing invasive plant species. Photo by Pamela Kidwell, Dunloggin Middle School.
Photo of student removing invasive plant species.

Dunloggin Middle School in Howard County Maryland was one of 78 schools designated as a U.S. Department of Education Green Ribbon School. More than 350 schools applied for the Green Ribbon School recognition.

Honored schools create “green” environments through reducing environmental impact, promoting health, and ensuring a high-quality environmental and outdoor education to prepare students with skills and sustainability concepts needed for the future.

Green Ribbon School recognition is given to schools that show how they reduced their water use, reduced waste production and conserved energy. Dunloggin met all the energy criteria as well as well removed exotic plants, restored native habitat and created nature areas they use in their studies.

In 2008, heads of the science and gifted and talented programs at Dunloggin Middle School attended a Schoolyard Habitat Workshop conducted by Karen KellyMullin, U.S Fish and Wildlife Service, Chesapeake Bay Field Office. Initially, the school planned to plant a small native garden out, but after learning about watersheds and habitat, they decided to do more, a lot more.

With help from the Chesapeake Bay Field Office and Natural Resources Conservation Service, the school constructed a ½ mile nature trail, and created a riparian wetland to help reduce the runoff from the school to a nearby stream. The school received funding for their schoolyard habitat projects through a Chesapeake Bay Trust grant.
Read More . . .

International Journalists Tour Local River For Answers to Global Problems

Members of Earth Journalism Network prepare to tour Anacostia River in Washington, DC. USFWS photo.
Photos of members of Earth Journalism Network.

On April 23, 2012, the Chesapeake Bay Field Office and several other partners hosted a pontoon boat tour of the Anacostia River in Washington D.C. The 11 international journalists, of the Earth Journalism Network, were eager to discover successful ways to protect and restore aquatic ecosystems.

Genevieve LaRouche, Supervisor of Chesapeake Bay Field Office welcomed the group with a short introduction to the mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as well as its role in the Anacostia River watershed.

The Anacostia River watershed is one of seven locations selected for Urban Waters Federal Partnership. This partnership reconnects urban communities, particularly those that are overburdened or economically distressed, with their waterways by improving coordination among federal agencies and collaborating with community-led revitalization efforts to improve our Nation’s water systems and promote their economic, environmental and social benefits. Read more . . .

Online Tool Helps National Wildlife Refuges Plan for Effects of Sea Level Rise

Chincoteague NWR. Photo by Greg Nadel, USFWS
Assateague Beach, at Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge, VA. Photo by Greg Nadel, USFWS.

A growing body of evidence has linked accelerating climate change with observed changes in fish and wildlife, their populations, and their habitats in the United States. The unmistakable signs of a rapidly changing climate are everywhere – melting glaciers, heat waves, rising seas, flowers blooming earlier, lakes freezing later, migratory birds delaying their flights south. Along our coasts, rising sea levels have begun to affect fish and wildlife habitats, including those used by shorebirds and sea turtles that nest on our coastal National Wildlife Refuges.

The Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM) is the “workhorse model” for sea-level rise planning on the Refuge System. SLAMM models the effects of inundation, erosion, overwash, saturation, and accretion under various scenarios, projecting habitat acreage at future points in time.

• Press Release
• SLAMM website (
• Climate Change website (

Discarded Christmas trees bring new life to Poplar Island

CBFO biologist Conor Bell moves trees to nesting site on Poplar Island. Chesapeake Bay Program photo.
CBFO biologist  Conor Bell moves trees to nesting site on Poplar Island. Chesapeake Bay Program photo.

Biologists are finding innovative ways to use Christmas trees to provide shelter and nesting areas for much of the Chesapeake's wildlife. After the holiday season, discarded trees were hauled on boats to Poplar Island, a 1,140-acre reconstructed island in the Chesapeake Bay, about a mile east of Tilghman Island.

Once a haven for wildlife, Poplar Island was eroding away. The Poplar Island Restoration Project, started in 1998, is restoring the island and 1,100 acres of wetland and upland habitat using dredged material from Baltimore’s shipping-channel. Currently, the island is quite flat with marshes but few shrubs or trees.

Strategically placed Christmas trees will provide both cover and nesting sites for colonial waterbirds such as common terns (Sterna hirundo) and least terns (Sterna antillarum). Debris piles placed in the newly created wetlands will hopefully be utilized by other bird, mammal and amphibian species.

A target species for the project is the American black duck (Anas rubripes). The black duck is one of North America’s wariest waterfowl. Small islands and isolated marshes are the last stronghold for American black ducks nesting in Chesapeake Bay. Only a few, small, nesting islands remain.

Watch the video

Agreement Cements Commitment to Maryland Partnership for Children in Nature

Children planting outdoors. USFWS photo.
Photo of children planting outdoors. USFWS

Genevieve LaRouche, Supervisor of the Chesapeake Bay Field Office, represented the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s commitment to the Maryland Partnership for Children in Nature. Established by Governor Martin O’Malley in 2008, the Partnership works to connect children and communities to nature through outdoor experiences and environmental education.

The Partnership, a coalition of federal, state and local agencies and organizations, reinforced their commitment to these goals through the formal signing of a Memorandum of Agreement. Partners agreed to make to take responsibility for ensuring that Maryland’s young people have the opportunity to connect with nature and grow to become informed and responsible stewards of our environment.

Maryland Partnership for Children in Nature

Nutria Confirmed in Delaware

Nutria siting area.

Following up on recent leads from a fur buyer, biologists with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and U.S. Department of Agriculture’s APHIS Wildlife Services confirmed the presence of an invasive nutria population on a pond near the town of Marydel, Delaware. The destructive feeding habits of the nonnative rodent have resulted in the loss of tens of thousands of acres of marsh to erosion throughout the Chesapeake Bay.

The Chesapeake Bay Nutria Eradication Project seeks to eradicate the invasive nutria from the Delmarva Peninsula. It has been successful in eliminating nutria from heavily infested areas. The team is now turning its attention towards nutria that may have migrated into the headwaters of rivers and other parts of on the Delmarva Peninsula.

Read Delaware DENREC news release.

Coastal Grants Conserve Wildlife and Habitat in Maryland

Chicamacomico River wetlands, USFWS photo.
Chicamacomico River wetlands, USFWS photo.

Coastal areas comprise less than 10 percent of the nation’s land area, yet they support a significant number of wildlife species, including 75 percent of migratory birds, nearly 80 percent of fish and shellfish and about half of all threatened and endangered species.

Coastal wetlands serve as some of nature’s most productive fish and wildlife habitat while providing storm protection, improved water quality, and abundant recreational opportunities for local communities.

Through the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s National Coastal Wetlands Conservation Grant Program almost 1,400 of coastal lands will be conserved or restored on Maryland’s Eastern Shore. Where? Read on . . .

The Anacostia River: Restoring An Urban Watershed

Watts Branch, before,and after restoration. USFWS photos.

Home to 800,000 residents, 43 species of fish and more than 200 species of birds, the restoration of the Anacostia River is a priority project under the President’s America’s Great Outdoors (AGO) initiative and the Urban Waters Federal Partnership (UWFP). Both initiatives seek to reconnect Americans to the great outdoors and revitalize urban waterways across the country.

The Watts Branch Stream Restoration is one of several projects doing this. The Chesapeake Bay Field Office (Service), District of Columbia Department of the Environment, and Natural Resources Conservation Service formed a partnership to restore 1.8 miles of Watts Branch, a severely degraded stream in the Anacostia River watershed.

Piped and concrete-lined storm drains altered the hydrology of Watts Branch, making it unstable and causing severe bank and bed erosion. In-stream structures were installed to improve in-channel habitat and reduce bank erosion. Floodplain creation will allow for the storage of floodwater; improve nutrient uptake, and increase channel stability. A riparian corridor of native grasses, shrubs, and trees will provide long-term bank stability and provide valuable streamside habitat for a host of species.

For more information, read about the project in our Fall E-Newsletter, On the Wild Side!

Group Aims to Rid the Delmarva Peninsula of Damaging Nutria

Nurtria. Photo by USDA
Photograph of a nutria. USDA photo.

The Chesapeake Bay Nutria Eradication Project met on October 19, 2011 in Cambridge, Maryland to finalize their plan to eradicate nutria from the Delmarva Peninsula by December 2015.

Often described as an eating machine, the nutria is a semi-aquatic rodent introduced to this county from South America in the 1940's. Devouring up to 25 percent of its body weight in plants and roots per day, nutria have devastated wetlands in Maryland, Louisiana and other coastal states, turning them into barren mud flats. In Maryland alone, the cost to the state’s economy due to loss of wetlands in the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge was estimated at $4 million dollars annually. Read more . . . article
Press release

Working for bog turtles across Maryland

Threatened bog turtle. USFWS photo.
Threatened bog turtle. Photo by Julie Slaci,

The Service has worked for 10 years with the Natural Resources Conservation Service, the Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Environmental Defense Fund and landowners to protect land and manage habitat for these northern bog turtles.

The turtles face loss, degradation and fragmentation of their homes from a variety of threats--wetland alteration, development, pollution, non-native plant invasion and advanced growth of plants. Fire and grazing historically maintained the open, young, bog-like wetlands required by this animal.

This partnership, known as the Maryland Bog Turtle Partnership, has conducted restoration at 27 sites on private lands and has permanently protected six sites through the Wetlands Reserve Program and two sites through the Maryland State Highway Administration. Read about how one landowner began restoring and enhancing the wetland on her property with the help of the Service.

National Wetland Losses Continue

A photo of a wetland. USFWS

A recently published report released by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service indicates an overall decrease in America’s wetlands, losses that threaten the health and safety of communities across the nation.

The report, which represents the most up-to-date, comprehensive assessment of wetland habitats in the United States, documents substantial losses in forested wetlands and coastal wetlands that serve as storm buffers, absorb pollution that would otherwise find its way into the nation’s drinking water, and provide vital habitat for fish, wildlife and plants.

The net wetland loss was estimated to be 62,300 acres between 2004 and 2009, bringing the nation’s total wetlands acreage to just over 110 million acres in the continental United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii.

The rate of gains from reestablishment of wetlands increased by 17 percent from the previous study period (1998 and 2004), but the wetland loss rate increased 140 percent during the same time period. As a consequence, national wetland losses have outpaced gains.

For more details on the report, visit,

Girl Scouts and Landowners Move Puritan Tiger Beetle Closer to Recovery

Map showing Puritan tiger beetle habitat (purplr/pink on left side). Click map for larger view. USFWS graphic.
Map showing Tiger beetle habitat (purplr/pink on left side). Click map for larger view. USFWS graphic.

Chesapeake Bay landowners will partner with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Maryland Department of Natural Resources and the Eastern Shore Land Conservancy to protect more than 450 acres of cliff and shoreline habitat through a $2.4 million federal grant for the threatened Puritan tiger beetle.

The grant, awarded through the national Recovery Land Acquisition Grants Program, will be used by Maryland DNR to purchase permanent conservation easements on several properties on the Chesapeake Bay in Calvert County and on the Sassafras River in Cecil County. The easements will allow permanent protection of shoreline and cliff habitat.

One 230-acre property along the Sassafras River belongs to the Girl Scouts at Camp Grove Neck, who for many years have acted as caretakers for the Puritan tiger beetle population there. Thousands of girls have received hands-on education regarding the life history and importance of the Puritan tiger beetle and other Chesapeake Bay wildlife.
Permanent protection of these lands will help meet one of the criteria required for recovery of this species—to stabilize six large sub-populations and their habitats in the Chesapeake Bay. Three sub-populations are already protected by the state of Maryland.

More resources:

Poplar Island: the Power of Collaboration

USFWS biologist Peter McGowan replaces a rescued ospey chick into the nest. Photo by Leo Miranda, USFWS.
A photo og USFWS biologist placing a rescued osprey chick into the the nest. USFWS photo.

Members of various Department of Interior agencies and other Chesapeake Bay partners toured Poplar Island to see how coordination among federal, state and non governmental entities is working to restore Chesapeake Bay habitat.

Participants also got an extra treat. On the way to Poplar Island, Chesapeake Bay Field Office staff had to stop to complete a mission. A young osprey, rescued the day before, was placed into a new nest so that surrogate parents can care for it until it is ready to leave on its own.

Poplar Island Ecological Restoration Project uses Material dredged from shipping channels is being used to restore the island and create shallow water habitat for bay grasses, crabs and fish and marsh and upland habitat for colonial nesting birds, shorebirds waterfowl as well as homes for small mammals, reptiles and amphibians.

Department of Interior Deputy Assistant Secretaries Eileen Sobeck, Fish, Wildlife and Parks and Lori Caramanian, Water and Science, U.S. Geological Survey Regional Executive Dave Russ, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Assistant Director, Fisheries and Habitat Conservation Bryan Arroyo and partners from the Baltimore Port Administration, U.S Army Corps of Engineers, Maryland Port Administration, Maryland Environmental Service and Ducks Unlimited were there to see, first hand, the productive and vibrant wetlands.

NiSource makes draft Habitat Conservation Plan available

On July 13, 2011, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service published in the Federal Register a Notice of Availability of a draft Habitat Conservation Plan prepared by NiSource Inc., a natural gas distribution company, as part of application for an Incidental Take Permit under the Endangered Species Act.  The Notice also announces availability of the Service’s draft Environmental Impact Statement

NiSource is applying for an ITP for operation and maintenance of its natural gas pipelines and associated facilities in 14 states:  Delaware, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. As part of the application process, NiSource has developed a Habitat Conservation Plan outlining measures to minimize and mitigate take for 10 federally endangered, threatened or proposed species.  In addition, the HCP provides measures to avoid take of another 33 federally threatened, endangered or candidate species.

The Service is gathering public comment on the draft EIS and HCP in order to finalize the EIS and make a determination on NiSource’s application for an Incidental Take Permit.  During the comment period, three public meetings will be held in three states:

August 16, 2011, 7:00 p.m.
University Plaza Hotel and Conference Center
3110 Olentangy River Road,
Columbus, OH 43202

August 17, 2011, 7:00 p.m.
Ramada Conference Center
2143 N. Broadway,
Lexington, KY 40505

August 18, 2011, 7:00 pm
Charleston Ramada Plaz
400 2nd Ave.
S. Charleston, WV 25303.

Send written comments via U.S. mail to the Regional Director, Midwest Region, Attn:  Lisa Mandell, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services, 5600 American Blvd. West, Suite 990, Bloomington, MN  55437-1458, or by electronic mail to  The comment period closes October 11, 2011.

More information about the EIS and HCP, along with locations, dates, and times of specific public meetings can be found at:

Review Finds Endangered Species Protection May Be Warranted for Two Bat Species

Eastern small-footed bat (myotis leibeii) with white-nose syndrome. Photo by Ryan von Linden/NYDEC
Photograph of an Eastern small-footed bat with white-nose syndrome. Photo by Ryan con Linden/NYDEC

The Service is a conducting a staus review of the eastern small-footed bat (Myotis leibii) and the northern long-eared bat (Myotis septentrionalis) to determine if either or both species should be listed as endangered or threatened under the Endangered Species Act of 1973. The Service is asking for scientific and commercial data and other information regarding these species.

For additional resources and links to the press release, Federal Register Notice, photos, FAQs and media contacts, go to the Service's White-Nose Syndrome page.

The Service is particularly looking for information on distribution, status, population size or trends; life history; and threats to these species. Information may be submitted using one of the following methods: Federal eRulemaking Portal: Follow the instructions for submitting comments to Docket No. [FWS–R5–ES–2011–0024]. or fill out and print this letter, sending it by U.S. mail or hand-delivery to: Public Comments Processing, Attn: Docket No. [FWS–R5–ES–2011–0024]; Division of Policy and Directives Management; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; 4401 N. Fairfax Drive, MS 2042–PDM; Arlington, VA 22203.

Federal Agencies Partner to Revitalize Urban Waterways In Communities Across the U.S.

Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar chats with an area student during a June 24 event along the Patapsco River in Baltimore. Photo by Pablo Miranda
A photo of Secretary of the Interior chats with an  area student during an event along the Patapsco River in Baltimore. Photo by Pablo Miranda

BALTIMORE– A new federal partnership aims to stimulate regional and local economies, create local jobs, improve quality of life, and protect Americans’ health by revitalizing urban waterways in under-served communities across the country. The Urban Waters Federal Partnership (UWFP), an innovative federal union comprised of 11 agencies, will focus its initial efforts on seven pilot locations: the Patapsco Watershed (Maryland), the Anacostia Watershed (Washington DC/Maryland), the Bronx & Harlem River Watersheds (New York), the South Platte River in Denver (Colorado), the Los Angeles River Watershed (California), the Lake Pontchartrain Area (New Orleans, La.), and the Northwest Indiana Area. Each of the pilot locations already has a strong restoration effort underway, spearheaded by local governments and community organizations. Lessons learned from these pilot locations will be transferred to other cities in the country.

Read the entire press release . . .
Also, read more information about the Urban Waters Federal Parnership in the Anacostia and Patapsco Rivers, and Watts Branch in the District of Columbia.

Native Plant Center for the Chesapeake Region Now Available Online!

Native Plant Center - Find your native plants here!
Image of the new website, Native Plant Center

A new tool to help citizens in the Chesapeake Bay watershed select native plants is now available through the Internet. Users of the portal, can search for native plants by name, plant type, sun exposure, soil texture and moisture, and even find native plants with the same shape, color, size or other characteristics as some of their favorite non-native plants.

The site also includes a geo-locator feature to identify plants suited to a user’s specific location.

The Native Plant Center uses the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s native plant database, associated with its publication, Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed.

Replacing portions of lawn areas and typical landscapes with native plants that suit local conditions reduces or eliminates the need for fertilizers and pesticides which wash into our streams, rivers and, ultimately, the Chesapeake Bay. Once in our waterways, these pollutants fuel the growth of excess algae, which clouds the water and threatens the health of fish, crabs and the entire Chesapeake Bay ecosystem. An online network for interacting with other Chesapeake Bay stewards is planned.

The Native Plant Center Chesapeake Region is a cooperative effort of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Alliance for the Chesapeake Bay, and Image Matters LLC.

Also, read about the next phases, and the current press release.

Experts Select Representative Species to Guide Conservation in the Mid-Atlantic

Participants engage in discussions during Representative Species Workshop in Annapolis. USFWS photo.
Photo of participants engaging in discussion during Representative Species Workshop

Species and habitat experts gathered at the Chesapeake Bay Field Office on June 1, 2011 to review the "representative species" identified to guide and design landscape-scale conservation efforts in the Mid-Atlantic area. The Mid-Atlantic is one subregions of the North Atlantic Landscape Conservation Cooperative.

Representative species are those whose habitat needs, ecosystem function, or management responses are similar to a group of other species. By basing conservation actions on representative species, the needs of other species in that group will also be addressed.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Representative Species Team and the University of Massachusetts completed the first phases of the representative species process including: relating species to habitat types in the Mid-Atlantic subregion; clustering or grouping the species and habitats; and identifying species that may best represent those draft groups.

Over 50 Service staff have already provided input and expertise into the process, science and criteria for identifying representative specie. Biologists, Representative Species Steering Committee members, partners, and wildlife species and habitat experts attending the workshop used specific criteria to select the best set of representative species for this subregion.

The representative species list can modified to adapt to future conditions, needs, or new information from partners and experts. Conservation planning with representative species provides a better understanding of likely results in the face of land use and climate change, and supports strategic conservation decisions.


Five Peregrine falcon hatchlings!

Five brand new hatchlings on the Wilmington Peregrine falcon webcam. Mother brings in dinner. Photo: Delmarva Ornithological Society.
Newly hatched peregrine falcons being fed by their mother. Go to the web cam for not-to-be-missed action!

In 2010, CBFO biologist Craig Koppie gave professional advice to the hosts and viewers of the Wilmington Peregrine Falcon Cam.

Now it’s 2011 and time for a new breeding season. During February, viewers saw more frequent visits by the adult Peregrines to the nest box. More courtship and pair-bonding displays were seen, followed by egg-laying and incubation with a successful hatch of five chicks!

You can view the birds through the live Falcon Cam web feed at Delmarva Ornithological Society website,

The chicks have been getting a varied diet of mourning dove, yellow-billed cuckoo, gray catbird, brown-headed cowbird, black-billed cuckoo and blue jay.

Caution: This is an addictive activity. You'lll find it difficult to stop.



New Schoolyard Habitat Guide Now Available

New Schoolyard Habitat Guide.
This is an image of the cover of the new USFWS Schoolyard Habitat Guide

Teachers and Educators – the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Schoolyard Habitat Program is proud to announce the availability of the brand new Schoolyard Habitat Project Guide.

This is your roadmap for transforming your school grounds into a destination that will engage the entire school community in habitat restoration. Once you use this how-to guide, your school community will connect to the natural world, not by sitting inside and looking out, but instead by being outside and looking deeper.

This simple guide will take you and your students through each step of the process: planning, installing and sustaining a project. This is not a book about why schoolyard projects are important; but a guide on how to make the best one suited for your site.

Read more

Updated Online Tool Provides Site Specific Sea Level Rise Simulations

Homes sitting at the edge of rising sea levels. Photo by Steve Hildebrand.
Photo of houses on the water's edge. Photo by Steve Hildebrand.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced that a new version of an online sea level rise simulation tool will be released to the public at NOAA's Coastal GeoTools conference March 21 - 24, 2011. The updated Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM-View 2.0) is a web browser-based application that displays map pairs of the same area, each at different sea levels.

Sea level rise is one of the most pressing issues facing many coastal communities today. The strength of this tool is its ability to visually show sea level rise predictions, allowing people to see the impacts in a more intuitive way. SLAMM is used by researchers and managers to understand the impacts of sea level rise on critical coastal resources and educate the public on the effects of sea level changes.

Read more . . .

Stream Restoration Kicks Offs in Washington D.C.

CBFO biologists watch as construction begins on Watts Branch restoration project. USFWS photo.
CBFO biologists watch as construction begins. USFWS photo.

The Chesapeake Bay Field Office and participating District partners came together to celebrate the beginning of the Watts Branch stream restoration project in Washington D.C. Mayor Vincent Gray, Congresswoman Eleanor Holmes Norton, Anacostia Riverkeeper Dottie Yunger, and dozens of local organizations, D.C. government agencies, and federal agencies were at the site which, when completed in this fall, will enhance the city's fish and wildlife resources and increase the quality of the water flowing through Watt's Branch into the Anacostia River and, eventually, into the Chesapeake Bay.

Watts Branch currently lacks suitable riffle and pool habitat for much of the aquatic wildlife, and has significant bank erosion occurring throughout the proposed 1.8-mile restoration area. The design uses a natural channel approach to improve riffle and pool habitat and to reduce bank erosion. Planting of native grasses, shrubs, and trees will stabilize the stream banks, further reducing erosion. Some of the wildife that will benefit from the stream restoration include fish like the alewife, American eel, and American shad and birds like the  Kentucky warbler, wood thrush, red-eyed vireo, Cooper's hawk, great blue heron, American black duck, wood duck, and mallard.

Read more . . .

Delmarva Fox Squirrel Population Improving; Status Review Underway

Photo of a Delmarva fox squirrel. MD DNR photo.
A 2007 review of the federally threatened Delmarva fox squirrel (Sciurus niger cinereus) by the U.S. Fish and wildlife Service found that the population had improved and the species was near recovery.

However, information about timber harvest raised concerns in some portions of the Delmarva fox squirrels' range. The conclusion of the 2007 review was that Delmarva fox squirrel's status should be considered threatened until more information about timber harvest and availability of mature forest could be obtained.

Read the press release on the Delmarva fox squirrel page.


Coopers hawk safely captured in the Library of Congress

Kennon Smith (Raptor bander), Linda Moore (The Raptor Conservancy of Virginia) and Craig Koppie (USFWS). Photo by Abby Brack, Library of Congress
Kennon Smith (Raptor bander) and Linda Moore (The Raptor Conservancy of Virginia) immediately after capture of the immature Coopers Hawk inside the dome of the  Library of Congress, Washington DC  (photo by:  Craig Koppie, FWS)

A juvenile Coopers hawk that had been flying around the Library of Congress rotunda for a week was safely captured January 26.

Experts used a pair of starlings to lure the emaciated hawk into a trap and it was then taken to the Raptor Conservancy of Virginia for rehabilitation.

Additional information on the Coopers hawk and videos of news coverage can be found on the Coopers hawk page.


Chesapeake Bay Cliffs Crucial for Threatened Puritan Tiger Beetle

An eroding cliff on the western shore of Chesapeake Bay. Photo by Leo Miranda.
An eroding cliff on the western shore of Chesapeake Bay. Photo by Leo Miranda.

Puritan tiger beetles (Cicindela puritana) occur only at a few small sites along the Connecticut River in New England and the Chesapeake Bay in Maryland. Puritan tiger beetles undergo their entire life cycle on or near cliffs and adjacent sandy beaches, and require some cliff erosion to maintain suitable unvegetated habitat conditions.

Puritan tiger beetles have disappeared from much of their New England range and have declined in their Chesapeake Bay range. They were listed under the Endangered Species Act as a threatened species in August 1990.

Development and stabilization projects are the most serious threats in Maryland. Shoreline stabilization structures are designed to minimize erosion at the base of the bluff. Over time, slopes stabilized in this manner become less steep and vegetated, making them unsuitable for habitat.

Several homes in a community in Maryland are situated very close to eroding cliffs which are habitat for the federally listed Puritan tiger beetle. The community is looking for ways to reduce this erosion. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, in close coordination with the Maryland Department of Natural Resources, other state and local agencies as well as the communities, is exploring a variety of solutions that protect both the Puritan tiger beetle habitat and the community.

For more information see:

Puritan Tiger Beetle Fact Sheet
Reports and Publication

Federal Agencies Launch New Strategy for the Chesapeake

Brook trout. USFWS image.
Photo of a brook trout. USFWS image.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Federal agency partners have released a new strategy to protect and restore the 64,000 square-mile Chesapeake Bay watershed. The agencies will work closely with communities to implement the actions in the strategy, including conserving 2 million acres of undeveloped land and protecting and restoring habitat for key species such as oysters, black ducks, and brook trout. The agencies will be accountable to achieve specific milestones every two years to ensure measurable progress.

Read the strategy (

Collaborative Solutions to Wildlife Management

On Tuesday, April 27, 2010, the Senate Environment and Public Works Subcommittee on Water and Wildlife (Cardin) held an oversight hearing on three Service programs, the Coastal Program, the Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program, and Candidate Conservation within the Endangered Species Program, that allow the Service to work collaboratively with federal, state, and local/private entities to conserve wildlife and habitat.  Gary Frazer, the Assistant Director for Endangered Species, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, testified before the Subcommittee. 

Students participate in a Schoolyard Habitat project. Photo by Janet Norman, USFWS
Students participate in a Schoolyard Habitat project. Photo by Janet Norman, USFWS

Mr. Frazer described the three innovative Service programs, pointing out that the Coastal program’s “boots on the ground” approach is one of its greatest strengths and highlighted some of the accomplishments the program has made including a recent success at the Hail Cove Living Shoreline Project at the Eastern Neck National Wildlife Refuge.  He also highlighted the Schoolyard Habitat project within the Partners for Wildlife and Program and several of the tools available to landowners for conserving fish and wildlife and their habitats.

The hearing was chaired by Senator Benjamin Cardin (D-MD) and attended by Ranking Member Senator James Inhofe (R-OK) and Senator Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI).  Senator Cardin’s opening statement was complimentary of the Service’s efforts in conserving migratory birds, fish, and wildlife, particularly in coastal areas of Maryland. 

Ranking Member Senator James Inhofe (R-OK) gave the opening statement for the minority, indicating his strong support for the Partners program, but voiced his concern for funding that is diverted.  He specifically addressed the Partners program receiving an increase of $2 million for climate change in the fiscal year 2011 budget.  Senator Whitehouse countered by explaining how Rhode Island is made particularly vulnerable by the “climate change double whammy” in which it is hit terrestrially as well as by sea level rise on the coast and detailed how vital the coastal program is in light of this vulnerability.

Links to testimony are available at: U.S. Senate Committe on Environment and Public Works.

Chesapeake Bay Field Office Hosts Chinese Conservation Delegation

Sherry Krest shows deformed frogs to Chinese delegation. Photo by Laurie Hewitt, USFWS
Sherry Krest shows deformed frogs to Chila delegation. Photo by Laurie Hewitt, USFWS

Environmental professionals from China’s Guangdong Province Forestry Ministry visited the Chesapeake Bay Field Office, organized by the Service’s Division of International Conservation. An open forum provided the backdrop for the exchange of information in the field of fish and wildlife conservation, management and natural area protection.

Chesapeake Bay Field Office staff highlighted some of the tools and techniques used to protect lands, restore steams, wetlands and other critical habitats, protect endangered species and provide fish passage which the delegation found very useful for their goals.

"I was very impressed by the scientific robustness of the presentations by the Chesapeake Bay Field Office, commented Bryan Arroyo, Assistant Director Fisheries and Habitat Conservation. “The Field Office and Fisheries staff provided great presentations and our guests were most impressed with their professionalism and technical capacity." 

Situated in the southernmost part of mainland China, the hills and mountains of the Guangdong Province had been covered by forests. In 1985, a "green revolution" began and all the forestless mountains had been afforested, through the work of the Guangdong Province Forestry Ministry. Today this work continues with sustainable the multi-purpose forestry and natural resource management.

This visit is part of a larger effort by the Service known as the China Program where wildlife managers from both countries exchange information and specialists to address wildlife trade issues, and wetlands, river, and floodplain management.

This was the Chinese group’s second visit to the Chesapeake Bay area in recent years. In May of 2009, the Chesapeake Bay Field Office hosted a Chinese delegation which learned about and then toured the protected and restored habitats around the Chesapeake Bay watershed.

In September 2009 the Guangdong Province Forestry Ministry co-hosted a group of Service specialists including, Chesapeake Bay Field Office Supervisor Leopoldo Miranda, to learn about China’s wetland restoration and management programs.

"I think that this kind of international exchange and information sharing helps us see different approaches and learn new ways of protecting and managing our fish and wildlife resources,” concluded Leopoldo Miranda, Supervisor Chesapeake Bay Field Office.

To see more about:
The Guongdong Province, visit:
The China Program, visit:

Coastal Program Conservation Partnerships Awarded National Coastal Wetlands Grants

Cedar Island. Photo by Dan Murphy
Cedar Island. Photo by Dan Murphy

Two 2010 National Coastal Wetlands Grants (NCWG) have been awarded to conservation partnerships led by the Chesapeake Bay Field Office (CBFO) Coastal Program.  A total of 570 acres of Delmarva Peninsula wetlands and forests will be protected using $1,072,610 in NCWG funds leveraged by a combination of State funds and landowner contributions totaling $1,116,390.

Cedar Island Coastal Wetland Protection - The Maryland Department of Natural Resources (MDNR) was awarded $207,760 to acquire 200 acres in Somerset County, including 192 acres of estuarine salt marsh located on Tangier and Pocomoke Sounds on the Chesapeake Bay. These funds will leverage $216,240 of non-Federal cost share. This parcel will be incorporated into the adjacent 3,000-acre Cedar Island Wildlife Management Area, completing the protection of the entire island. Located in the Atlantic Coast Joint Venture's Tangier Sound and Bay Islands sub-focus area, Pocomoke Sound and Cedar Island support some of the best remaining beds of submerged aquatic vegetation in Maryland and are considered to be important for breeding black duck. Partners in the project include the USFWS CBFO Coastal Program and the Lower Shore Land Trust.

South Point Property and Croppers Island Conservation Easements - The MDNR was awarded $864,850 to acquire conservation easements on the 160-acre South Point property and the 210-acre Croppers Island property in Worcester County along Ayers Creek and Newport Bay. These funds will leverage $900,150 in non-Federal cost share. Both properties are located within the 153,000-acre Maryland Atlantic Coastal Bays watershed. The acquisitions will protect 1.5 miles of shoreline on Newport Bay, 163 acres of estuarine intertidal and palustrine forested coastal wetlands, 92 acres of native coastal plain forest, habitat for breeding and wintering waterfowl, breeding habitat for water birds and shorebirds, and stop-over habitat for migrating birds. Twenty-four acres of wetlands will be restored through the Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program. Partners in the project include the USFWS CBFO Coastal Program, the Lower Shore Land Trust, Worcester County, and the Natural Resources Conservation Service.

Waterbirds and Offshore Wind Energy Development
Interactions, Studies, Monitoring, and Mitigation

Northern Gannets. Photo by Michael Haferkamp
Northern Gannets. Photo by Michael

There is a great push for offshore wind energy along the East Coast states, especially over the shoals. These shoals are also important feeding and migration areas for many marine birds. Over 72 species of birds use these areas for some part of their life cycle. Doug Forsell, Coastal Program biologist with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Chesapeake Bay Field Office, examines offshore wind energy, the possible effects on marine birds, methods for studying and monitoring marine birds, their behavior and habitats, and possible mitigation for offshore wind energy.

To view the entire seminar, go to:
Login as a participant using your name (no password) Run Setup Wizard on website if you are a first-time user of the system

Living Shoreline Protects Fragile Eastern Neck Habitat

CBFO biologist Mitch Keiler plants bay grass with local children. Photo by Jennifer Greiner
CBFO biologist Mitch Keiler plants gea grass with local children. Photo by Jennifer Greiner

The Hail Cove Living Shoreline Project, at Eastern Neck National Wildlife Refuge in Kent County, Maryland, demonstrates an alternative to traditional shoreline protection revetment practices that nearly eliminate important shallow water habitat.

Eastern Neck National Wildlife Refuge is a 2,286-acre stopover area for migratory and wintering waterfowl at the mouth of the Chester River on Maryland's Eastern Shore. Within Eastern Neck is Hail Cove which separates the Chester River and Hail Creek. Hail Cove is regarded as one of the five best waterfowl habitats in Maryland.

Aerial surveys over the past 10 years revealed the importance of protecting Hail Creek from damaging erosion due to prevailing winds. Protecting Hail Cove will preserve submerged aquatic vegetation that is so critical to migratory waterfowl. The living shoreline will also reduce shore erosion and create marsh and reef habitat for Chesapeake Bay wildlife such as blue crabs, diamondback terrapins, fish, oysters and mussels.

On August 12, 2009, President Obama signed an executive order, Chesapeake Bay Protection and Restoration that calls on the federal government to lead the effort to control pollution that flows into the Chesapeake Bay and protect wildlife habitats in the region.

It directs federal agencies to work with State and local government as well as the private sector and use their expertise to improve the health of the Chesapeake Bay. Hail Cove shows how this collaboration can work to protect and restore the Chesapeake Bay.

The Hail Cove project represents a collaborative effort between government agencies, non-profit organizations and the private sector to protect and enhance valuable resources. The work at the site is focused on the protection of these important resources for years to come. For much more information visit our Hail Cove page.
For more information contact:
David Sutherland

Dan Murphy, CBFO biologist. VOA photo
Dan Murphy, CBFO biologist

Voice Of America Highlights Nutria Efforts

Voice of America recently followed Chesapeake Bay Field Office and USDA biologists as they assessed the successful nutria eradication program on Maryland's eastern shore.

Nutria were introduced from South America in the 1930s to bolster Maryland's fur industry. This aquatic rodent uses marsh plants to create resting platforms as well as eats these plants, creating huge mud flats. The voracious nutria has been responsible for wetland loss in many areas on lower eastern shore marshes, especially Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge.

Aerial photos from 1938 to present show an alarming loss of marsh, escalating over the past two decades, coinciding with nutria population explosion.

In 1995, a partnership between 24 federal and state agencies, private organizations, businesses and landowners was formed to stop nutria damage.

Watch the Voice of America video, or read the article to learn more.

Eagle chick found in the new nest. Photo by Craig Koppie, USFWS
Picture of an eagle chick found in the new nest. Craig Koppie, USFWS

Eagles Removed From Airport Doing Well

Back in February 2009, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, along with officials of the Airport Management Authority and the USDA’s Animal Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), determined that a bald eagle pair nesting along an active runway at Glenn Martin State Airport, near the town of Essex MD could be a hazard to airport safety.

With assistance from Airport Operations, the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service removed the eagle nest from a tree located near the active runway fearing a potential mid-air collision with local aircraft. 

The pair had just begun to lay eggs that week. However, because it was still early in the nesting season, biologists expected the bald eagle pair would have time to construct a new nest or would relocate to an alternate nest location.

Two weeks after the disturbance, Chesapeake Bay Field Office biologist Craig Koppie, checked the pair’s old nest located closer to the Frog Mortar Creek. The adult female was standing on the nest which was a good indicator she was planning to re-use their old nest site. On July 7th, he revisited the nest tree and found she had produced two eaglets which look to be about 8-9 weeks old! The young will probably take their first flights when they reach 11 weeks of age.  Most all other eaglets in the Chesapeake Bay have fledged by now.

Al Rizzo of CBFO wins Wetland Warrior award from Delaware Dept. of Natural Resources and Environmental Control.
Photo of Al Rizzo holding Wetland Warriors award.

Delaware Presents 2009 Wetland Warrior Award to CBFO Partners for Fish and Wildlife Coordinator

July 30, 2009

Delaware Governor Jack Markell and Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control Secretary Collin O’Mara presented Al Rizzo, soil scientist and Partners for Fish and Wildlife Coordinator for Delaware and Maryland, with the 2009 The Wetland Warrior Award. The award is presented to an individual or group in recognition of exemplary efforts that benefit wetlands through education and outreach, monitoring and assessment, or restoration and protection.

Read more about the achievements that made Al a Wetland Warrior.

Also, read the press release from the state of Delaware.

Box turtle. Photo by Frank Marsden
Box turtle. Photo by Frank Marsden.

Excellent Schoolyard Habitats Share These Qualities!

Schoolyard habitats are naturalized areas on school grounds accessible to the entire school community. Excellent schoolyard habitats improve community health by reducing storm water runoff, solving erosion and increasing biodiversity. They also provide opportunities for children to interact with the natural world. To help guide the creation of excellent schoolyard habitats the Maryland Schoolyard Habitat Partnership developed “Common Qualities of Excellent Schoolyard Habitat.” 

Or, read the press release....

Chesapeake Bay Welcomes Natural Resource Officials from China

Chinese flag. Stock Photo.

On May 8, eleven Chinese natural resources officials visited the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. Their goal was to gain a better understanding of the wetland laws and policies, how we use these laws to benefit wetlands and how we monitor wetland restoration. This visit was facilitated under U.S. – People’s Republic of China (PRC) Protocol on Cooperation and Exchanges in the Field of Conservation of Nature, signed in 1986.

Find out where they went and what they did . . .

A new tool to view sea-level rise simulations is available

Migratory birds nesting habitats could be affected by sea-level rise. Credit: Leopoldo Miranda / USFWS
Migratory birds nesting habitats could be affected by sea level rise. Credit: Leopoldo Miranda / USFWS

As the globe warms and polar ice caps melt, sea levels rise, causing the flooding of coastal marshes, important for wintering mallard ducks, and eroding coastal beaches, vital as refueling stops for migrating song birds.

To plan for sea-level rise, the National Wildlife Refuge System uses various models to understand how advancing seas will affect coastal marshes, tidal flats, beaches and swamps. Among these models, the workhorse is SLAMM – Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model – which has been used extensively since 2006. Similar to a weather forecast, SLAMM is a useful tool to forecast habitat transformations as sea levels rise.

Visit our SLAMM-view page to find out more, and see how sea-level rise will affect your community.

Scientists Discover Intersex Fish More Widespread

Smallmouth bass. Illustration by Timothy Knepp, USFWS.
Picture of smallmouth bass. Illustration by Timothy Knepp, USFWS

Annapolis, Maryland - A recent study of intersex abnormalities in fish conducted by researchers from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the U.S. Geological Survey in the Potomac River watershed showed that at least 82 percent of male smallmouth bass and in 23 percent of the largemouth bass had immature female germ cells (oocytes) in their reproductive organs.

This condition, a type of intersex, is a disturbance in the fish’s hormonal system and is an indicator of exposure to estrogens or chemicals that mimic the activity of natural hormones. Several other abnormalities were also noted, some affecting female bass.

“At the moment we don’t know the ecological implications of this condition and it could potentially affect the reproductive capability of important sport fish species in the watershed,” said Leopoldo Miranda, Supervisor of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Chesapeake Bay Field Office.

For more information . .

View the entire press release

New Report Shows Annual Loss of 59,000 Acres of Wetlands in Coastal Watersheds

Great egret -- Photo by Lee Kearney
Credit: Lee Karney
Great Egret

While the nation as a whole gained wetlands from 1998 to 2004, a new report by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration documents a continuing loss of vital wetlands in coastal watersheds of the eastern United States.

The new report, Status and Trends of Wetlands in the Coastal Watersheds of the Eastern United States, shows an annual loss of 59,000 acres of wetlands in coastal watersheds of the Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Great Lakes from 1998 to 2004. 

Coastal wetlands are the nurseries for important commercial and recreational fish and are vital to many threatened and endangered species. They also provide natural protection for coastal areas from the most damaging effects of hurricanes and storm surges.

Through programs like Partners for Fish and Wildlife and the Coastal program, the Chesapeake Bay Field Office is restoring a variety of coastal habitats. One such project, restored 450 acres of salt marsh by plugging mosquito grid ditches at E.A.Vaughn Wildlife Management Area (WMA), located in Worcester County in the Maryland Coastal Bays region.

Read more about this exciting project . . .

The Department of Interior Supports Native Oyster Restoration
UPDATE! 4/4/09

Crassostrea ariakensis.
Photo by Julie Slacum, USFWS
Non-native oyster. Photo by Julie Slacum, USFWS.

The decrease in the native Eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) in the Chesapeake Bay can be attributed to three major factors: over-harvesting, disease, and habitat loss. Due to the decrease in native oysters, the states of Maryland and Virginia proposed the introduction of a non-native species of oyster (Crassostrea ariakensis) into the Chesapeake Bay.

In response to this proposal, the U.S. Congress directed the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to prepare a Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS). A series of alternatives to this introduction were proposed ranging from taking no action at all, to introducing the non-native oysters and discontinuing native oyster restoration.

The Department of the Interior has reviewed the Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (DPEIS) for Oyster Restoration in the Chesapeake Bay, Including the Use of a Native and/or Non-native Oysters and provided the following summary comments:

The Department remains concerned that if the preferred alternative in the final EIS includes the use non-native Suminoe oyster it is unlikely that the goal to restore the ecological and economic function of the Native oyster could be achieved.  In addition, use of non-native Suminoe oyster alternatives will permanently interfere with restoration efforts using the native Eastern Oyster.

The Department believes that the best strategies for restoring the function of native Eastern oysters are to use a combination of native Eastern oyster alternatives identified in the PEIS. This combination includes expanding oyster restoration using native Eastern oysters, expanding native Eastern oyster cultivation in aquaculture in both Virginia and Maryland, and expansion of native Eastern oyster sanctuaries, coupled with greater enforcement of sustainable harvest limits.

A PDF copy of the letter is available here.

CBFO's Field Supervisor responds to the Washington Post article "Oyster Decision Could Alter the Bay" (2/15/09).

Restoring the Resources

Restored wetland along the Mispillion River in Delaware. USFWS photoCredit: USFWS
Restored wetland along the Mispillion River in Delaware

Along the Mispillion River in Kent County, Delaware, an eroded, degraded marsh has been transformed into vital habitat for local wildlife. The 56-acre private site consists of one of the river’s original meanders and associated wetland with more than 2,000 feet of river frontage. On October 2, representatives from the public-private partnership that made the project possible gathered to celebrate its success with a tour of the site.

This restoration, which was completed in June, is a Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration (NRDAR) project for the DuPont Newport Superfund Site located in Wilmington, Delaware. The Trustees, Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (US FWS), were authorized to recover damages to trust resources associated with a release of a hazardous waste at the NewPort site. Read more . . .


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Click to download copy of the Mid-Atlantic Highlands Action Program Realizing the Legacy.
Mid-Atlantic Highlands Action Program
Realizing the Legacy

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Bald eagle. Photo credit, USFWS

Bald Eagle Nest Protection Guidance

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Photo of a brook trout, USFWS image.
Last Updated October 5, 2018