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Seasons of Wildlife on CMR


elk herd in fall

The high-pitched bugle of a bull elk echoing through the trees signals the beginning of the fall breeding season. Through September and into October, elk gather in the golden light of evening on Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge. While bull elk are competing for mates, birds flock together, descending on the refuge long enough to replenish before continuing their push southward. The wildlife that will remain through the winter, from sharp-tailed grouse to bushy-tailed woodrats, make the most of the waning days of autumn to prepare for the long, cold months ahead.

About the Complex

Charles M. Russell Complex

The Complex consists of four unstaffed satellite refuges spread throughout south-central Montana.

Charles M. Russell is managed as part of the Charles M. Russell Complex.

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About the NWRS

National Wildlife Refuge System


The National Wildlife Refuge System, within the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, manages a national network of lands and waters set aside to conserve America’s fish, wildlife, and plants.

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Page Photo Credits — All photos courtesy of USFWS unless otherwise noted.
Last Updated: Sep 12, 2016
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