Aleutian Islands WWII National Monument

Atka B24 Bomber  by Steve HIllebrand USFWS

The Aleutian Islands WWII National Monument (formerly Valor in the Pacific National Monument) is managed by the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge.

 

  • The Forgotton War Remembered

    WWII Aleutian Vets at Attu75 Commeoration by Lisa Hupp USFWS

    During World War II the remote Aleutian Islands, home to the Unangan (Aleut) people for over 8,000 years, became a fiercely contested battleground in the Pacific. This thousand-mile-long archipelago saw invasion by Japanese forces, the occupation of two islands; a mass relocation of Unangan civilians; a 15-month air war; and one of the deadliest battles in the Pacific Theater.

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  • Invasion, Occupation & Battle

    Battle Of Attu Landing

    The Monument preserves stories and evidence of foreign invasion and occupation and the only land battle fought in North America in World War II. 

    The National Park Service partners with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to study and interpret the Monument. Learn more about the Monument through these resources:

     

     

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  • Role of Aviation

    Atka B24 Bomber photo small Steve HIllebrand USFWS

    The Aleutian Campaign of WWII was largely an air war. The Monument protects important war plane crash sites.

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  • Lasting Effects of War

    Return To Attu 75 years after capture by ZoeSobel_KUCB

    World War II forever changed the Aleutians, the Unangax people, and the lives of those who waged battle there, leaving behind scars and stories scattered among the national wildlife refuge that exists today.

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  • Monument on a Wildlife Refuge

    Everman's Rock Ptarmigan on Marsden Matting by Steve Ebbert_USFWS

    The Aleutian Islands WWII National Monument consists of:

     


    All sites in the Aleutian Islands World War II National Monument are on lands managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as part of the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge. These sites became part of the refuge in 1913 when President William H. Taft established the Aleutian Islands Reservation (Executive Order 1733) as a breeding ground for native birds, propagation of reindeer and furbearers, and encouragement and development of fisheries.  

     

     The Aleutian Islands Reservation was later renamed the Aleutian Islands National Wildlife Refuge, and then, in 1980 with passage of the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act, the refuge became the Aleutian Islands Unit of the newly created Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge. The act outlined five major purposes for this new refuge, with a primary purpose of conserving fish and wildlife populations and habitats in their natural diversity.

     Various parts of the Aleutian Islands WWII National Monument have additional designations. Some of the lands are located in the Aleutian Islands Wilderness (designated in the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act) and overlap with two National Historic Landmarks ― the Attu Battlefield and U.S. Army and Navy Airfields on Attu and the Japanese Occupation Site on Kiska.

    In 2008 sites in Alaska, Hawaii, and California WWII were redesignated as World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument in by President George W. Bush. 

    The John D. Dingell Jr. Conservation, Management and Recreation Act (formerly known as the Natural Resources Management Act) was signed into law on March 12, 2019, making the Aleutian Islands WWII National Memorial its own stand-alone unit, separate from the previously incorporated sites in Hawaii and California under the name WWII Valor in the Pacific National Monument.

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