Established as a National Wildlife Refuge in 1968 for the protection and conservation of migratory birds, St. Vincent NWR is managed to preserve, in as natural a state as possible, it’s highly varied plant and animal communities. The Refuge is comprised of two islands and two mainland tracts totaling approximately 12,492 acres. Popular recreational opportunities include fishing, hunting, wildlife viewing, hiking, bicycling, kayaking, and nature photography. Surrounded by Outstanding Florida Waters, the Refuge is an important stop-over point along the Gulf coast for neotropical migratory birds and a haven for threatened and endangered species. In addition, St. Vincent NWR serves as a breeding site for endangered red wolves

Visit Us

St. Vincent Island is 9 miles southwest of Apalachicola and is only accessable by boat and there is no visitor center, no potable water, nor public phones on the island. The closest public boat ramp to the island is located 22 miles west of Apalachicola at the end of County Road 30-B. From that boat ramp it is one-quarter of a mile across to the island. Boaters should be sensitive to winds, tide fluctuations, currents, storms, and oyster bars. Visitor use is only during daylight hours however the refuge is closed for general use during hunts, fires, and storms. Bring insect repellent, drinking water, sunscreen, and a hat.

Location and Contact Information

      About Us

      The Refuge is comprised of two islands and two mainland tracts totaling approximately 12,492 acres. Access to the island is by boat only. The Refuge office is in Apalachicola.


      No tours are scheduled at this time.

      Our Species

      Side view of a red wolf, showing head and shoulders

      As their name suggests, red wolves are known for the characteristic reddish color of their fur most apparent behind the ears and along the neck and legs, but are mostly brown and buff colored with some black along their backs. Intermediate in size to gray wolves and coyotes, the average adult...

      FWS Focus
      A large sea turtle swimming along a reef

      Loggerheads were named for their relatively large heads, which support powerful jaws and enable them to feed on hard-shelled prey, such as whelks and conch. The carapace (top shell) is slightly heart-shaped and reddish-brown in adults and sub-adults, while the plastron (bottom shell) is...

      FWS Focus

      Get Involved

      Volunteers are an integral part of St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge. They assist with numerous projects ranging from wildlife inventories to presenting interpretive programs, and their help has been instrumental in the accomplishment of a number of refuge projects and activities.

      Projects and Research