Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge

Management and Conservation

Impoundment Management

The refuge has four managed freshwater impoundments – Raymond, Shearness, Bear Swamp, and Finis – and each one is a little unique. Although water level management varies some from year to year and with the weather, there is a typical pattern. Water levels are drawn down in the spring to provide mudflats for migrating shorebirds. This permits the germination and growth of lush vegetation, and wading birds feed on fish in the pools that form. The impoundments are then flooded in the fall to give dabbling ducks access to the seeds of the wetland plants. In the spring the cycle begins again.

Early Successional Habitat Management

Throughout the refuge there are 1,000 acres of open fields. As the refuge plans for future habitat management priorities, these fields are maintained through mowing and control of invasive species invasive species
An invasive species is any plant or animal that has spread or been introduced into a new area where they are, or could, cause harm to the environment, economy, or human, animal, or plant health. Their unwelcome presence can destroy ecosystems and cost millions of dollars.

Learn more about invasive species
, and are used by migratory geese in the fall and winter and by sparrows and other songbirds in the summer.

Salt Marsh Monitoring

Although the refuge’s expansive salt marshes are not actively “managed,” the refuge staff conduct routine research and monitoring activities throughout the marsh to track the integrity of the habitat and status of its wildlife. Numerous factors have contributed to the loss of interior marsh, which the refuge may address in the future through restoration.

Law Enforcement

The mission of the National Wildlife Refuge System Law Enforcement program is:

"Through Education and enforcement we protect our employees, volunteers, and visitors; safeguard the public’s investment in facilities and equipment; and protect the integrity of the habitat and the wildlife resources of the National trust resource which is the 150 million acre National Wildlife Refuge System.”