Seasons of Wildlife

Due to the central Pacific location of Baker Island National Wildlife Refuge, shore and seabirds can be found nesting year-round. Green sea turtle and hawksbill turtles can be seeing foraging off the shores of Baker too.  

Featured Species

Baker Island National Wildlife Refuge is home to numerous species of unique wildlife. The low coral island is vegetated by herbs and grasses tolerant of the arid climate. It is surrounded by beaches on all sides composed of sand or coral shingle. The wildlife found in and around the island is rich with diversity ranging from a variety of birds, marine mammals, various species of reptiles, invertebrates, marine life, and flora.    

Reptiles and Marine Life

Two species of terrestrial reptiles have been reported on the island, the snake-eyed skink and the mourning gecko. Green sea turtles and hawksbill turtles have also been observed foraging offshore. A total of 247 fish species have been recorded in the surrounding reef that teams with various types of coral and 16 species of algae.  


Eleven species of seabirds nest on the island including boobies, frigatebirds, terns, noddies, and red-tailed tropicbirds. Four shorebirds also reside on the island including bristle-thighed curlews, Pacific golden plovers, wandering tattlers, and ruddy turnstones.