[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 124 (Thursday, June 27, 2019)]
[Pages 30760-30764]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-13708]



Fish and Wildlife Service

[FWS-HQ-ES-2018-N157; FXES11130100000C4-189-FF02ENEH00]

Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 29 Draft Recovery 
Plan Revisions for 42 Species Across the United States

AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice of availability; opening of public comment period.


SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), announce for 
public review and comment the availability of 29 draft recovery plan 
revisions, which update recovery criteria for 42 endangered or 
threatened species located in 11 States (Alabama, California, Florida, 
Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Jersey, North 
Carolina, and South Carolina) and 4 unincorporated territories (Guam, 
the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern 
Mariana Islands and the U.S. Virgin Islands). We are updating recovery 
criteria to better assist in determining when an endangered species has 
recovered to the point that it may be reclassified as threatened, or 
that the protections afforded by the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as 
amended (Act), are no longer necessary and the species may be removed 
from the Act's protections. We request review of these draft recovery 
plan revisions and comments from local, State, Tribal, and Federal 
agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and the public.

DATES: In order to be considered, comments on the draft recovery plan 
revisions must be received on or before July 29, 2019.

    Reviewing documents: If you wish to review these draft recovery 
plan revisions, you may obtain copies from the website addresses listed 
in the table provided in SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. You may also 
request copies of draft recovery plan revisions by contacting the 
individuals listed in the table provided in this notice, relevant to 
each species or recovery plan, or both.
    Submitting comments: If you wish to comment, see the table provided 
in this notice and you may submit your comments by one of the following 
    1. You may submit written comments and materials to each field 
office mailing address for the species in which you are interested;
    2. You may hand-deliver written comments to each field office, in 
the table at the identified address, for the species in which you are 
interested; or
    3. You may send comments by email to the identified contact 
person's email address in the table, for each species. Please include 
``Amended Recovery Plan Comments'' in the subject line.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For information on a particular 
species, contact the appropriate person listed in the table for each 
species in SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. Individuals who are hearing 
impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8339 for TTY 


[[Page 30761]]


    In this notice, we announce for public review and comment the 
availability of 29 draft recovery plan revisions, which update recovery 
criteria for 42 endangered or threatened species located in 11 States 
(Alabama, California, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, 
Massachusetts, Nevada, New Jersey, North Carolina, and South Carolina) 
and 4 unincorporated territories (Guam, the Commonwealth of Puerto 
Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and the U.S. 
Virgin Islands). This group of 29 draft recovery plan revisions is the 
second batch of a larger effort under way to revise up to 182 recovery 
plans covering up to 305 species in order to achieve the following 
Department of the Interior Agency Priority Performance Goal outlined in 
the Department's Strategic Plan for Fiscal Years 2018-2022: ``By 
September 30, 2019, 100% of all Fish and Wildlife Service recovery 
plans will have quantitative criteria for what constitutes a recovered 
species.'' Given the timeline associated with this Agency Priority 
Performance goal, we are relying on the public comment period to 
facilitate an efficient communication, coordination, and collaboration 
process with the wide variety of potential stakeholders we consider 
essential to the development and implementation of recovery plans. 
Recovery plans must be designed so that all stakeholders and the public 
understand the rationale behind the recovery program, whether they were 
involved in writing the plan or not, and recognize their role in its 
implementation. We are, therefore, requesting submission of any 
information that may help achieve (1) the necessary understanding of 
species' biology, threats, and recovery needs; (2) identification of 
implementation issues and concerns; and (3) facilitation of more 
effective implementation associated with these draft revisions that 
revise recovery criteria for these 42 species.
    The Service is required to develop and implement recovery plans 
``for the conservation and survival'' of listed species under section 
4(f) of the Act, unless the Service finds that developing a recovery 
plan would not promote the conservation of the species. The Act also 
requires inclusion of: (1) ``Site-specific management actions as may be 
necessary to achieve the plan's goal for the conservation and survival 
of the species''; (2) ``Objective, measurable criteria which, when met, 
would result in a determination . . . that the species be removed from 
the list''; and (3) ``Estimates of the time required and the cost to 
carry out those measures needed to achieve the plan's goal and to 
achieve intermediate steps toward that goal.''
    The purpose of a recovery plan is to provide a roadmap for a 
species' recovery, with the goal of improving its status and managing 
its threats to the point at which protections under the Act are no 
longer needed. A recovery plan identifies, organizes, and prioritizes 
recovery actions and is, therefore, an important guide to ensure sound 
scientific decision-making throughout the recovery process, which can 
take decades. Recovery plans provide important guidance to the Service, 
States, other partners, and the general public on methods of minimizing 
threats to listed species and measurable objectives against which to 
measure the progress towards recovery; they are guidance and not 
regulatory documents.
    Recovery plans should be consulted frequently, used to initiate 
recovery activities, and updated as needed. Keeping recovery plans 
current will ensure that the species benefits through timely, partner-
coordinated implementation, based on the best available information. A 
review of the recovery plan and its implementation, however, may show 
that the recovery plan is out of date or its usefulness is limited and, 
therefore, warrants modification. The need for, and extent of, recovery 
plan modifications will vary considerably among recovery plans, 
depending on the scope and complexity of the initial plan, the 
structure of the document, and the involvement of stakeholders.
    The need for revision may be triggered when, among other 
possibilities: (1) New information has been identified, such as 
population-level threats to the species or previously unknown life-
history traits, that necessitates new or revised recovery strategy, 
actions, or criteria, or revision of all three; (2) the current 
recovery plan is out of date with regard to the information presented 
in it or requirements for an adequate recovery plan (a recovery 
strategy, threats-based recovery criteria, etc.); or (3) the current 
plan is not achieving its objectives. An amendment, a type of recovery 
plan revision, is more limited in scope than a full revision of the 
recovery plan and modifies an existing plan, rather than replacing the 
entire existing recovery plan. Revisions benefit endangered and 
threatened species, our partners, and the public by incorporating new 
information about life history, threats, and/or species' response to 
management from study findings and focusing on what is really needed 
for species' recovery. Twenty-eight of the 29 proposed recovery plan 
revisions noticed in this announcement are modified with amendments 
that replace only a portion of those plans, while one recovery plan 
(Draft Revised Recovery Plan for Valley Elderberry Longhorn Beetle) is 
fully revised and completely replaces the existing plan.
    Recovery criteria serve as objective, measurable guidelines to 
assist in determining when an endangered species has recovered to the 
point that it may be downlisted to threatened, or that the protections 
afforded by the Act are no longer necessary and the species may be 
delisted. Delisting is the removal of a species from the Federal Lists 
of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants. Downlisting is the 
reclassification of a species from an endangered species to a 
threatened species. The term ``endangered species'' means any species 
(species, subspecies, or distinct population segment) that is in danger 
of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range. The 
term ``threatened species'' means any species which is likely to become 
an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a 
significant portion of its range.
    Recovery criteria should help indicate when we would anticipate 
that an analysis of the species' status under section 4(a)(1) of the 
Act would result in a determination that the species is no longer an 
endangered species or a threatened species. A decision to revise the 
status of or remove a species from the Federal Lists of Endangered and 
Threatened Wildlife and Plants, however, is ultimately based on an 
analysis of the threats to the species in accordance with sections 
4(a)(1) and 4(b) of the Act and made ``solely on the basis of the best 
scientific and commercial data available,'' regardless of whether that 
information differs from the recovery plan. When changing the status of 
a species, we first propose the action in the Federal Register to seek 
public comment and peer review, followed by a final decision announced 
in the Federal Register.
    Revision of recovery plans requires public notice and comment under 
section 4(f)(4) of the Act, including: (1) A Federal Register notice of 
availability to give opportunity for public review and comment; (2) 
consideration of all information presented during the public comment 
period; and (3) approval by the Regional Director. When finalized, 
these recovery plan revisions will be made publicly available on the 
internet through our Environmental Conservation Online System (ECOS, 

[[Page 30762]]

What plans are being made available for public review and comment?

    This notice announces our draft recovery plan revisions for the 
species listed in the table below.

                                                            Proposed Recovery Plan Revisions
                                                                                                   Uniform resource
                                                    Listing                       Recovery plan       locator to       Contact person,  Contact person's
          Common name            Scientific name  status \1\    Current range         name         proposed recovery    phone, email        U.S. mail
                                                                                                     plan revision                           address
                                       Pacific Region (Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Hawaii, and the Pacific Islands)
Laysan finch..................  Telespyza                 E   HI..............  Northwestern      https://            Gregory A. Koob,  Pacific Islands
                                 cantans.                                        Hawaiian          ecos.fws.gov/docs/  808-792-9449,     Fish and
                                                                                 Islands           recovery_plan/      gregory_koob@fw   Wildlife
                                                                                 Passerines        NWHI_Passerine_Dr   s.gov.            Office, 300 Ala
                                                                                 Recovery Plan     aft_Recovery_Plan                     Moana
                                                                                 \2\.              _Amendment_201811                     Boulevard, Room
                                                                                                   09.pdf.                               3-122, Box
                                                                                                                                         Honolulu, HI
Nihoa finch...................  Telespyza ultima          E   HI..............
Nihoa millerbird..............  Acrocephalus              E   HI..............
Guam rail.....................  Rallus owstoni..          E   Guam............  Native Forest     https://
                                                                                 Birds of Guam     ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                                                                 and Rota of the   recovery_plan/
                                                                                 Commonwealth of   Guam_Rail_Draft_R
                                                                                 the Northern      ecovery_Plan_Amen
                                                                                 Mariana Islands   dment_20181109.pd
                                                                                 Recovery Plan     f.
Mariana gray swiftlet.........  Aerodramus                E   Guam, Northern    Mariana Islands   https://
                                 vanikorensis                  Mariana Islands.  Population of     ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                 bartschi.                                       the Vanikoro      recovery_plan/
                                                                                 Swiftlet          Mariana_Swiftlet_
                                                                                 (Aerodramus       Draft_Recovery_Pl
                                                                                 vanikorensis      an_Amendment_2018
                                                                                 bartschi) \2\.    1109.pdf.
Rota bridled white-eye........  Zosterops                 E   Guam, Northern    Recovery Plan     https://
                                 rotensis.                     Mariana Islands.  for the Nosa      ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                                                                 Luta or Rota      recovery_plan/
                                                                                 Bridled White-    Rota_Bridled_Whit
                                                                                 Eye (Zosterops    e_Eye_Draft_Recov
                                                                                 rotensis) \2\.    ery_Plan_Amendmen
Mariana common moorhen........  Gallinula                 E   Northern Mariana  Recovery Plan     https://
                                 chloropus guami.              Islands.          for the Mariana   ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                                                                 Common Moorhen    recovery_plan/
                                                                                 (Gallinula        Mariana_Common_Mo
                                                                                 chloropus         orhen_Draft_Recov
                                                                                 guami) \ 2\.      ery_Plan_Amendmen
Southeast Region (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Puerto Rico, and the
                                                                  U.S. Virgin Islands)
Interrupted rocksnail.........  Leptoxis                  E   AL, GA..........  Recovery Plan     https://            Tom McCoy, 843-   South Carolina
                                 foremani.                                       for Georgia       ecos.fws.gov/docs/  727-4707,         Ecological
                                                                                 Pigtoe Mussel     recovery_plan/      thomas_mccoy@fw   Services Field
                                                                                 (Pleurobema       Interrupted%20Roc   s.gov.            Office, 176
                                                                                 hanleyianum)      ksnail%20Recovery                     Croghan Spur
                                                                                 Interrupted       %20Plan%20Amendme                     Road, Suite
                                                                                 rocksnail         nt.pdf.                               200,
                                                                                 (Leptoxis                                               Charleston, SC
                                                                                 foremani), and                                          29407.
                                                                                 Rough hornsnail
                                                                                 foremani) \2\.
American chaffseed............  Schwalbea                 E   AL, FL, GA, LA,   American          https://            William J.        Alabama
                                 americana.                    MA, NJ, NC, SC.   Chaffseed         ecos.fws.gov/docs/  Pearson, 251-     Ecological
                                                                                 (Schwalbea        recovery_plan/      441-5870,         Services Field
                                                                                 americana)        Recovery%20Plan%2   bill_pearson@fw   Office, 1208-B
                                                                                 Recovery Plan     0Schwalbea%20amer   s.gov.            Main Street,
                                                                                 \2\.              icana_Amendment.p                     Daphne, AL
                                                                                                   df.                                   36526.
Palo de Ramon.................  Banara                    E   Puerto Rico.....  Banara            https://            Edwin E.          Caribbean
                                 vanderbiltii.                                   vanderbiltii      ecos.fws.gov/docs/  Mu[ntilde]iz,     Ecological
                                                                                 Recovery Plan     recovery_plan/      787-851-7297,     Services Field
                                                                                 \2\.              Final%20Draft%20R   edwin_muniz@fws   Office, P.O.
                                                                                                   ecovery%20Plan%20   .gov.             Box 1600, Rio
                                                                                                   Amendment%20_Bvan                     Grande, PR
                                                                                                   derbiltii.pdf.                        00745.
Vahl's boxwood................  Buxus vahlii....          E   Puerto Rico.....  Vahl's Boxwood    https://
                                                                                 (Buxus vahlii)    ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                                                                 Recovery Plan     recovery_plan/
                                                                                 \2\.              draftRecovery%20P
No common name................  Cordia bellonis.          E   Puerto Rico.....  Recovery Plan     https://
                                                                                 for Cordia        ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                                                                 bellonis \2\.     recovery_plan/
Elfin tree fern...............  Cyathea                   E   Puerto Rico.....  Ilex cookii and   https://
                                 dryopteroides.                                  Cyathea           ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                                                                 dryopteroides     recovery_plan/
                                                                                 Recovery Plan     Final%20Draft_Ame
                                                                                 \2\.              ndment_Cyathea_Il
Cook's holly..................  Ilex cookii.....          E   ................  ................  ..................
No common name................  Eugenia                   E   Puerto Rico.....  Recovery Plan     https://
                                 woodburyana.                                    for Mitracarpus   ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                                                                 maxwelliae,       recovery_plan/
                                                                                 Mitracarpus       Mitracarpus%20and
                                                                                 polycladus, and   %20Eugenia%20wood
                                                                                 Eugenia           buryana_Final%20d
                                                                                 woodburyana \2\.  raft%20Amendment.
No common name................  Mitracarpus               E
No common name................  Mitracarpus               E
Beautiful goetzea.............  Goetzea elegans.          E   Puerto Rico.....  Beautiful         https://
                                                                                 Goetzea           ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                                                                 Recovery Plan     recovery_plan/
                                                                                 \2\.              Beautiful%20goetz

[[Page 30763]]

Higo chumbo...................  Harrisia                  T   Puerto Rico.....  Recovery Plan     https://
                                 portoricensis.                                  for Higo Chumbo   ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                                                                 (Harrisia         recovery_plan/
                                                                                 portoricensis)    Harrisia_final%20
                                                                                 \ 2\.             Draft%20Amendment
No common name................  Leptocereus               E   Puerto Rico.....  Leptocereus       https://
                                 grantianus.                                     grantianus        ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                                                                 Recovery Plan     recovery_plan/
                                                                                 \2\.              Leptocereus%20Fin
Erubia........................  Solanum                   E   Puerto Rico.....  Solanum           https://
                                 drymophilum.                                    drymophilum       ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                                                                 Recovery Plan     recovery_plan/
                                                                                 \2\.              Erubia_Final%20dr
Bariaco.......................  Trichilia                 E   Puerto Rico.....  Bariaco           https://
                                 triacantha.                                     (Trichilia        ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                                                                 triacantha)       recovery_plan/
                                                                                 Recovery Plan     Trichilia%20triac
                                                                                 \2\.              antha_Final%20Dra
St. Croix ground lizard.......  Ameiva polops...          E   U.S. Virgin       Recovery Plan     https://
                                                               Islands.          for the St.       ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                                                                 Croix Ground      recovery_plan/
                                                                                 Lizard, Ameiva    St%20Croix%20grou
                                                                                 polops \2\.       nd%20lizard_final
Thomas' lidflower.............  Calyptranthes             E   U.S. Virgin       Recovery Plan     https://
                                 thomasiana.                   Islands.          for the           ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                                                                 Calyptranthes     recovery_plan/
                                                                                 thomasiana \2\.   draft%20Recovery%
                                   Pacific Southwest Region (California, Nevada, and the Klamath Basin area of Oregon)
San Mateo thornmint...........  Acanthomintha             E   CA..............  Recovery Plan     https://            Josh Hull, 916-   Sacramento Fish
                                 obovata ssp.                                    for Serpentine    ecos.fws.gov/docs/  414-6600          and Wildlife
                                 duttonii.                                       Soil Species of   recovery_plan/      fw8sfwocomments   Office, 2800
                                                                                 the San           dAPG%20amendment%   @fws.gov.         Cottage Way,
                                                                                 Francisco Bay     20Seven%20Bay%20A                     Sacramento, CA
                                                                                 Area \2\.         rea%20Serpentine%                     95825.
Tiburon mariposa lily.........  Calochortus               T   CA..............
Fountain thistle..............  Cirsium                   E   CA..............
                                 fontinale var.
Presidio clarkia..............  Clarkia                   E   CA..............
Pennell's bird's-beak.........  Cordylanthus              E   CA..............
                                 tenuis ssp.
San Mateo woolly sunflower....  Eriophyllum               E   CA..............
Tiburon jewelflower...........  Streptanthus              E   CA..............
Large-flowered fiddleneck.....  Amsinckia                 E   CA..............  Large-Flowered    https://
                                 grandiflora.                                    Fiddleneck        ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                                                                 (Amsinckia        recovery_plan/
                                                                                 grandiflora)      dAPG%20amendment%
                                                                                 Recovery Plan     20Large-
                                                                                 \2\.              flowered%20fiddle
Presidio manzanita............  Arctostaphylos            E   CA..............  Recovery Plan     https://
                                 hookeri var.                                    for Coastal       ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                 ravenii.                                        Plants of the     recovery_plan/
                                                                                 Northern San      dAPG%20amendment%
                                                                                 Francisco         20Ravens%20Manzan
                                                                                 Peninsula \2\.    ita.pdf.
San Bruno elfin butterfly.....  Callophrys                E   CA..............  Recovery Plan     https://
                                 mossii bayensis.                                for the San       ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                                                                 Bruno Elfin and   recovery_plan/
                                                                                 Mission Blue      dAPG%20amendment%
                                                                                 Butterflies \2\.  20Mission%20blue%
Mission blue butterfly........  Icaricia                  E   CA..............
Sonoma spineflower............  Chorizanthe               E   CA..............  Recovery Plan     https://
                                 valida.                                         for Seven         ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                                                                 Coastal Plants    recovery_plan/
                                                                                 and the           DAPG%20Amendment%
                                                                                 Myrtle's          20Sonoma%20spinef
                                                                                 Silverspot        lower.pdf.
                                                                                 Butterfly \2\.
Valley elderberry longhorn      Desmocerus                T   CA..............  Draft Revised     https://
 beetle.                         californicus                                    Recovery Plan     ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                 dimorphus.                                      for Valley        recovery_plan/
                                                                                 Elderberry        Draft%20Revised%2
                                                                                 Longhorn Beetle   0RP%20for%20Valle
                                                                                 \3\.              y%20Elderberry%20
Pine Hill flannelbush.........  Fremontodendron           E   CA..............  Recovery Plan     https://
                                 californicum                                    for Gabbro Soil   ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                 ssp. decumbens.                                 Plants of the     recovery_plan/
                                                                                 Central Sierra    Draft%20APG%20ame
                                                                                 Nevada            ndment%20El%20Dor
                                                                                 Foothills\2\.     ado%20bedstraw%20
El Dorado bedstraw............  Galium                    E   CA..............
                                 ssp. sierrae.
Light-footed clapper rail.....  Rallus                    E   CA..............  Light-footed      https://            Bradd Bridges,    Carlsbad Fish
                                 longirostris                                    Clapper Rail      ecos.fws.gov/docs/  760-461-9440,     and Wildlife
                                 levipes.                                        Recovery Plan     recovery_plan/      fw8cfwocomments   Office, 2177
                                                                                 \2\.              dAPG%20Amendment%   @fws.gov.         Salk Avenue,
                                                                                                   20for%20LFRR.pdf.                     Suite 250,
                                                                                                                                         Carlsbad, CA
Delhi sands flower-loving fly.  Rhaphiomidas              E   CA..............  Recovery Plan     https://
                                 terminatus                                      for the Delhi     ecos.fws.gov/docs/
                                 abdominalis.                                    Sands Flower-     recovery_plan/
                                                                                 Loving Fly \2\.   dAPG%20Amendment%

[[Page 30764]]

Steamboat buckwheat...........  Eriogonum                 E   NV..............  Steamboat         https://            Carolyn Swed,     Reno Fish and
                                 ovalifolium                                     Buckwheat         ecos.fws.gov/docs/  775-861-6300,     Wildlife
                                 var.                                            Recovery Plan     recovery_plan/      fw8renofwo@fws.   Office, 1340
                                 williamsiae.                                    \2\.              dAPG%20Amendment%   gov.              Financial
                                                                                                   20for%20EROVW.pdf.                    Boulevard,
                                                                                                                                         Suite 234,
                                                                                                                                         Reno, NV 89502.
\1\ E = endangered; T = threatened.
\2\ Denotes a recovery plan amendment in the ``Recovery Plan Name'' column.
\3\ Denotes a full recovery plan revision in the ``Recovery Plan Name'' column.

How do I ask questions or provide information?

    If you wish to provide information for any species listed above, 
please submit your comments and materials to the appropriate contact in 
the table above. You may also direct questions to those contacts. 
Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the 
Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8339 for TTY assistance.

Request for Public Comments

    We request written comments on the draft recovery plan 
modifications. We will consider all comments we receive by the date 
specified in DATES prior to final approval of the plans.

Public Availability of Comments

    Before including your address, phone number, email address, or 
other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be 
aware that your entire comment--including your personal identifying 
information--may be made publicly available at any time. While you can 
ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying 
information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be 
able to do so.


    The authority for this action is section 4(f) of the Endangered 
Species Act (16 U.S.C. 1533(f)).

    Dated: May 20, 2019.
Margaret E. Everson,
Principal Deputy Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Exercising 
the Authority of the Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
[FR Doc. 2019-13708 Filed 6-26-19; 8:45 am]