Our Diamond Anniversary
San Andres National Wildlife Refuge is celebrating its 75th Anniversary throughout 2016! The refuge was established January 22, 1941!
Our 75th Anniversary logo image - enlarged
Help Save Our Pollinators!
Try our most recent interactive Game which showcases an invaluable Pollinator! This is the first in a series of our Pollinator Game.
"The Pollinator" interactive Game... wait to load ~
Meet Us at the Fair!
Our Refuge will be at the Otero County Fair in Alamogordo, New Mexico August 24 to 27. Look for our Agency' trailer with hands-on games.
We look forward to visiting with you at the Fair
Sharing Our Firsts With You
With our refuge closed to the public, we're highlighting animals seen for the first time on the
refuge since its
establishment in 1941!
A few years ago, the first documented and photographed black bear was sighted on the refuge! A few more are seen today, as this young one.
North American black
Remembering Our Past ... and
San Andres National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1941 by Executive Order 8646 for the “conservation and development of natural wildlife resources.” Primary emphasis since founding of the Refuge has been the restoration and management of a native desert bighorn sheep herd (Ovis canadensis mexicana). When the Refuge was established in 1941, there were approximately only 31-33 desert bighorn sheep inhabiting the San Andres Mountains. The desert bighorn sheep was a State of New Mexico listed Threatened and Endangered species up until 2011. After years of relocation and protection efforts, the species count is now up to over 600 animals statewide! San Andres National Wildlife Refuge has played a significant role in the desert bighorn's recovery, with the count of sheep on the Refuge estimated at a minimum of 176 today! At one time there was only one remaining desert bighorn sheep ewe from the original native San Andres Mountain range herd! You can read the full story on this amazing ewe in our "On the Road to Recovery" section below at the bottom of this page, and within a link on our "Recovery of the Desert Bighorn" page.
About the NWRS
The National Wildlife Refuge System, within the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, manages a national network of lands and waters set aside to conserve America’s fish, wildlife, and plants.
Learn more about the NWRS
Looking Towards the Future!
In addition to the desert bighorn sheep, thirty seven species of mammals have been documented on the Refuge including: desert mule deer, mountain lion, bobcat, coyote, gray fox, desert cottontail, jack rabbit, ring-tailed cat, skunk, porcupine, raccoon, bats, rock and ground squirrel, black bear, an occasional elk, and a wide variety of rodents that are typical of western mountains and deserts. More than 175 bird species inhabit the Refuge for all or part of the year. Just over fifty (50+) new bird species have been documented for the Refuge since 1993! A variety of raptors including golden eagle, red-tailed hawk, and turkey vulture are seen daily. The Greater roadrunner (New Mexico's State bird) and the Gambel's and Scaled quail are common. More than 45 species of reptiles occur on the Refuge including several species of rattlesnake and a variety of non-poisonous snakes, collared lizard, Texas horned lizard, and several other lizard species. Amphibian
species include the red spotted toad. Initial studies of invertebrates include 40 species of butterflies, 24 species of damselflies, and 18 species of dragonflies. Several of the damselflies and
dragonflies are new county records for Doña Ana County.
Because there is restricted access onto the Refuge and the lands remain relatively undisturbed, the future will continue to provide the Refuge with opportunities to serve as a natural laboratory in support of research on the southwestern plants and animals, Chihuahuan Desert ecosystems, ground water movement and distribution status, fire effects (from managed fuels reduction prescribed fires and natural lightning strike fires), and historical/cultural sites. The Refuge conducts management objective prescribed fires to improve and restore habitat for native species such as desert bighorn sheep, mule deer, and quail. Since the Refuge's first prescribed fire in 1999, more than 57,000 acres have been treated. A priority for the Refuge is monitoring and managing nonnative species which impact the conservation of the natural wildlife resources. Inventorying the invasive plant species, saltcedar (Tamarix chinensis) spans across boundaries of federal land ownership in the San Andres Mountains. Saltcedar is a very dense, proliferate, sunlight and water consuming introduced plant that absorbs the natural water supply from native plants. It also creates large deposits of salt in the soil, which prevents other plants from growing in these tainted areas. Interagency control of this damaging plant protects sensitive riparian habitat and other remote areas in this desert mountain range, contributing to the benefit of the greater landscape. The Refuge has been and will continue to be an important factor in the overall effort to protect those unique plant and animal resources within the San Andres Mountain range.
lone, resilient desert bighorn sheep ewe is all that remained from her
native herd in the San Andres Mountain range in south central New Mexico.
The female wandered alone for years. The herd she grew up with had
vanished. But in 1999, six transplanted desert bighorn sheep rams were
released onto San Andres National Wildlife Refuge and a
remarkable recovery began. Follow the link below to . .
Page Photo Credits Refuge desert bighorn sheep ewes and young ram in crevice / © C. Rodden, ES-WSMR, San Andres National Wildlife Refuge 75th Anniversary logo / © Mr. Kim Van Zandt, Bee on aster flower / K. Cobble, USFWS, Young bull elk / Refuge remote camera, USFWS, Young black bear / Refuge remote camera, USFWS, Desert bighorn sheep ram / M. Weisenberger, USFWS, Bobcat / Refuge remote camera, USFWS, Prescribed burn / C. Bartram, USFWS, Desert bighorn sheep ewe with lamb / © C. Rodden, ES-WSMR
Last Updated: Jul 26, 2016