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    Calling all 4th Graders!

    Starting this year, every 4th grader across the country is eligible to receive a free Park pass!

    Learn More!

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    Ethical Wildlife Viewing

    Remember while visiting your refuge to view and photograph wildlife in a safe and ethical way.

    Ethical Wildlife Viewing

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    Visit Us

    Want to stay up to date on the happenings at the Florida Keys National Wildlife Refuges? Visit us at our Facebook Page

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    Do you love taking photographs?

    Join our refuge photography club. We meet 2nd Wednesday of the month, 6:30 pm-8:00 pm (Nov-Jun)

    Visit our Photo Club Facebook page


Key Deer


The endangered Key deer are found in the lower Florida Keys, and nowhere else in the world.

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About the Complex

About the Florida Keys National Wildlife Refuges Complex

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The Florida Keys National Wildlife Refuges Complex protects over 400,000 acres for wildlife in the Florida Keys. National Key Deer Refuge is managed as part of the Florida Keys National Wildlife Refuges Complex.

About the Complex

About the NWRS

National Wildlife Refuge System


The National Wildlife Refuge System, within the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, manages a national network of lands and waters set aside to conserve America’s fish, wildlife, and plants.

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Refuge Updates

  • Screwworm Impacts Endangered Key Deer

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    On September 30th, the New World Screwworm was confirmed on Key deer living on Big Pine and No Name Keys. Screwworms can infest warm-blooded animals by laying eggs on wounds, the eggs hatch relatively quickly and the larvae (maggots) begin eating the living flesh of the host. For more information about how the screwworm is impacting the endangered Key deer follow the link below

    New World Screwworm in National Key Deer Refuge
  • For Immediate Release

    The United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) confirmed the presence of New World screwworm in Key deer from a wildlife refuge in Big Pine Key, Florida. USDA's National Veterinary Services Laboratories in Ames, Iowa, confirms this is a local infestation of New World screwworm. This is the first local infestation in the United States in more than 30 years. In response to this infestation, Florida Commissioner of Agriculture Adam H. Putnam today declared an agricultural state of emergency in Monroe County Florida. More information on the screwworm is available at

    Screwworm info
  • 2016 Prescribed Burn

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    The National Key Deer Refuge is planning to burn three locations on Big Pine Key during late summer or fall 2016, when weather conditions permit.

    2016 Prescribed Burn info
  • Final Visitor Center EA and FONSI

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    The National Key Deer Refuge proposed new visitor center Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact is now available.

    Final Visitor Center EA and FONSI
Page Photo Credits — All photos courtesy of USFWS unless otherwise noted., Heron Sunrise: Mickey Foster, Refuge Banner: Noni Cay Photography, FAVOR Logo: FAVOR FL Keys, Running Fawn: Noni Cay Photography, EKIP Logo: National Park Foundation, Mangroves: Kristie Killam/USFWS, Bald Eagles: Mickey Foster, Key Deer Buck: Chad Anderson/USFWS
Last Updated: Oct 14, 2016
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