[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 21 (Thursday, January 31, 2019)]
[Pages 790-795]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-00436]



Fish and Wildlife Service

[FWS-HQ-ES-2018-N112; FXES11130100000C4-189-FF02ENEH00]

Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 26 Draft Recovery 
Plan Amendments for 42 Species Across the United States

AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice of availability; opening of public comment period.


[[Page 791]]

SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), announce the 
availability of 26 draft recovery plan amendments for 42 endangered and 
threatened species. We are amending recovery criteria to better assist 
in determining when an endangered species has recovered to the point 
that it may be reclassified as threatened, or that the protections 
afforded by the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act), are 
no longer necessary and the endangered species may be removed from the 
Act's protections. We request review and comments on these draft 
recovery plan amendments from local, State, Tribal, and Federal 
agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and the public.

DATES: In order to be considered, comments on the draft recovery plan 
amendments must be received on or before April 1, 2019.

ADDRESSES: Reviewing documents: If you wish to review these draft 
recovery plan amendments, you may obtain copies from the website 
addresses listed in the table provided in SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. 
You may also request copies of draft recovery plan amendments by 
contacting the individuals listed in the table provided in this notice, 
relevant to each species or recovery plan, or both.
    Submitting comments: If you wish to comment, see the table provided 
in this notice and you may submit your comments by one of the following 
    1. You may submit written comments and materials to each field 
office mailing address for the species in which you are interested;
    2. You may hand-deliver written comments to each field office, in 
the table at the identified address, for the species in which you are 
interested; or
    3. You may send comments by email to the identified contact 
person's email address in the table, for each species. Please include 
``Amended Recovery Plan Comments'' in the subject line.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For information on a particular 
species, contact the appropriate person listed in the table for each 
species in SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. Individuals who are hearing 
impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8339 for TTY 



    In this notice, we announce the availability of 26 draft recovery 
plan amendments, which revise recovery criteria for 42 endangered and 
threatened species, for public review and comment. These 26 draft 
recovery plan amendments are a subset of a larger effort under way to 
revise up to 182 recovery plans covering up to 305 species in order to 
achieve the following Department of the Interior Agency Priority 
Performance Goal outlined in the Department's Strategic Plan for Fiscal 
Years 2018-2022: ``By September 30, 2019, 100% of all Fish and Wildlife 
Service recovery plans will have quantitative criteria for what 
constitutes a recovered species.'' Given the timeline associated with 
this Agency Priority Performance goal, we are relying on the public 
comment period to facilitate an efficient communication, coordination, 
and collaboration process with the wide variety of potential 
stakeholders we consider essential to the development and 
implementation of recovery plans. Recovery plans must be designed so 
that all stakeholders and the public understand the rationale behind 
the recovery program, whether they were involved in writing the plan or 
not, and recognize their role in its implementation. We are, therefore, 
requesting submission of any information that may help achieve (1) the 
necessary understanding of species' biology, threats and recovery 
needs; (2) identification of implementation issues and concerns; and 
(3) facilitation of more effective implementation, associated with 
these draft amendments that revise recovery criteria for these 42 
    The Service is required to develop and implement recovery plans 
``for the conservation and survival'' of listed species under section 
4(f) of the Act, unless the Service finds that developing a recovery 
plan would not promote the conservation of the species. The Act also 
requires inclusion of: (1) ``Site-specific management actions as may be 
necessary to achieve the plan's goal for the conservation and survival 
of the species''; (2) ``Objective, measurable criteria which, when met, 
would result in a determination . . . that the species be removed from 
the list''; and (3) ``Estimates of the time required and the cost to 
carry out those measures needed to achieve the plan's goal and to 
achieve intermediate steps toward that goal.''
    The purpose of a recovery plan is to provide a roadmap for a 
species' recovery, with the goal of improving its status and managing 
its threats to the point at which protections under the Act are no 
longer needed. A recovery plan identifies, organizes, and prioritizes 
recovery actions and is, therefore, an important guide to ensure sound 
scientific decision-making throughout the recovery process, which can 
take decades. Recovery plans provide important guidance to the Service, 
States, other partners, and the general public on methods of minimizing 
threats to listed species and measurable objectives against which to 
measure the progress towards recovery; they are guidance and not 
regulatory documents.
    Recovery plans should be consulted frequently, used to initiate 
recovery activities, and updated as needed. Keeping recovery plans 
current will ensure that the species benefits through timely, partner-
coordinated implementation, based on the best available information. A 
review of the recovery plan and its implementation, however, may show 
that the recovery plan is out of date or its usefulness is limited and, 
therefore, warrants modification. The need for, and extent of, recovery 
plan modifications will vary considerably among recovery plans, 
depending on the scope and complexity of the initial plan, the 
structure of the document, and the involvement of stakeholders.
    The need for revision may be triggered when, among other 
possibilities: (1) New information has been identified, such as 
population-level threats to the species or previously unknown life-
history traits, that necessitates new or revised recovery strategy, 
actions, or criteria, or revision of all three; (2) the current 
recovery plan is out of date with regard to the information presented 
in it or requirements for an adequate recovery plan (a recovery 
strategy, threats-based recovery criteria, etc.); or (3) the current 
plan is not achieving its objectives. An amendment, a type of recovery 
plan revision, is more limited in scope than a full revision of the 
recovery plan and modifies an existing plan, rather than replacing the 
entire existing recovery plan. Revisions benefit endangered and 
threatened species, our partners, and the public by incorporating new 
information about life history, threats, and/or species' response to 
management from study findings and focusing on what is really needed 
for species' recovery.
    Recovery criteria serve as objective, measurable guidelines to 
assist in determining when an endangered species has recovered to the 
point that it may be downlisted to threatened, or that the protections 
afforded by the Act are no longer necessary and the species may be 
delisted. Delisting is the removal of a species from the Federal Lists 
of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants. Downlisting is the 
reclassification of a species from an endangered species to a 
threatened species. The term ``endangered species''

[[Page 792]]

means any species (species, subspecies, or distinct population segment) 
that is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion 
of its range. The term ``threatened species'' means any species which 
is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future 
throughout all or a significant portion of its range.
    Recovery criteria should help indicate when we would anticipate 
that an analysis of the species' status under section 4(a)(1) would 
result in a determination that the species is no longer an endangered 
or threatened species. A decision to revise the status of or remove a 
species from the Federal Lists of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife 
and Plants, however, is ultimately based on an analysis of the threats 
to the species in accordance with sections 4(a)(1) and 4(b) of the Act 
and made ``solely on the basis of the best scientific and commercial 
data available,'' regardless of whether that information differs from 
the recovery plan. When changing the status of a species, we first 
propose the action in the Federal Register to seek public comment and 
peer review, followed by a final decision announced in the Federal 
    Revision of recovery plans requires public notice and comment under 
section 4(f)(4) of the Act, including: (1) A Federal Register notice of 
availability to give opportunity for public review and comment; (2) 
consideration of all information presented during the public comment 
period; and (3) approval by the Regional Director. When finalized, 
these recovery plan amendments will be made publicly available on the 
internet through our Environmental Conservation Online System (ECOS, 

What plans are being made available for public review and comment?

    This notice announces our draft recovery plan amendments for the 
species listed in the table below.

                                                            Proposed Recovery Plan Amendments
                                                                                                  Uniform resource
                                                       Listing     Current                           locator to      Contact person,    Contact person's
          Common name              Scientific name   status \1\     range    Recovery plan name  proposed recovery     phone, email    U.S. mail address
                                                                                                   plan amendment
                                       Pacific Region (Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Hawaii, and the Pacific Islands)
Snails, Oahu tree..............  Achatinella spp...          E          HI   Recovery Plan for   https://           Gregory A. Koob,   Pacific Islands
                                 ..................  ..........  ..........   the Oahu Tree       ecos.fws.gov/      Assistant Field    Fish and
                                 ..................  ..........  ..........   Snails of the       docsrecovery_pla   Supervisor, 808-   Wildlife Office,
                                 ..................  ..........  ..........   Genus Achatinella.  n/                 792-9449,          300 Ala Moana
                                 ..................  ..........  ..........  ..................   Achatinella_Draf   gregory_koob@fws   Boulevard, Room
Silversword, Mauna Loa (=Ka'u).  Argyroxiphium               T          HI   ..................   t%20Recovery%20P   .gov.              3-122, Box
                                  kauense.                                   Recovery Plan for    lan%20Amendment_                      50088, Honolulu,
                                                                              the Ka`u            20180801.pdf.                         HI 96850.
                                                                              Silversword        https://
                                                                              (Argyroxiphium      ecos.fws.gov/
                                                                              kauense).           docsrecovery_pla
`Ahinahina.....................  Argyroxiphium               E          HI   Recovery Plan for   https://                              .................
                                  sandwicense ssp.                            the Mauna Kea       ecos.fws.gov/
                                  sandwicense.                                Silversword         docsrecovery_pla
                                                                              (Argyroxiphium      n/
                                                                              sandwicense         ARGSANSAN_Draft%
                                                                              ssp.sandwicense).   20Recovery%20Pla
Koki`o.........................  Kokia drynarioides          E          HI   Recovery Plan for   https://                              .................
                                                                              Caesalpinia         ecos.fws.gov/
                                                                              kavaiensis and      docsrecovery_pla
                                                                              Kokia               n/
                                                                              drynarioides.       KOKDRY_Draft%20R
Uhi uhi........................  Mezoneuron                  E          HI                       https://
                                  kavaiense.                                                      ecos.fws.gov/
Aupaka.........................  Isodendrion                 E          HI   Recovery Plan for   https://
                                  hosakae.                                    Lipochaeta venosa   ecos.fws.gov/
                                                                              and Isodendrion     docsrecovery_pla
                                                                              hosakae.            n/
No common name.................  Lipochaeta venosa.          E          HI                       https://ecos.fws.gov/docsrecovery_plan/LIPVEN_Draft%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment_20180801.pdf.
Hawaiian petrel................  Pterodroma                  E          HI   Hawaiian Dark-      https://
                                  sandwichensis.                              rumped Petrel and   ecos.fws.gov/
                                                                              Newell's Manx       docsrecovery_pla
                                                                              Shearwater          n/
                                                                              Recovery Plan.      HAPE_Draft_Recov

[[Page 793]]

Newell's Townsend's shearwater.  Puffinus                    T          HI                       https://
                                  auricularis                                                     ecos.fws.gov/
                                  newelli.                                                        docsrecovery_pla
Vetch, Hawaiian................  Vicia menziesii...          E          HI   Vicia menziesii     https://
                                                                              Recovery Plan.      ecos.fws.gov/
Rabbit, Columbia Basin Pygmy...  Brachylagus                 E          WA   Recovery Plan for   https://           Michelle Eames,    Eastern
                                  idahoensis.                                 the Columbia        ecos.fws.gov/      Fish and           Washington Field
                                                                              Basin Distinct      docsrecovery_pla   Wildlife           Office, 11103 E.
                                                                              Population          n/                 Biologist, 509-    Montgomery Dr.,
                                                                              Segment of the      Pygmy%20Rabbit%2   891-6839,          Spokane Valley,
                                                                              Pygmy Rabbit        0Draft%20Recover   michelle_eames@f   WA 99206.
                                                                              (Brachylagus        y%20Plan%20Amend   ws.gov.
                                                                              idahoensis).        ment%2020180731.
Stickseed, showy...............  Hackelia venusta..          E          WA   Recovery Plan for   https://           Gregg Kurz, 509-   Central
                                                                              Hackelia venusta    ecos.fws.gov/      665-3508,          Washington Field
                                                                              (Showy Stickseed).  docsrecovery_pla   gregg_kurz@fws.g   Office, 215
                                                                                                  n/                 ov.                Melody Lane,
                                                                                                  Hackelia_venusta                      Suite 103,
                                                                                                  _Draft_Recovery_                      Wenatchee, WA
                                                                                                  Plan_Amendment_2                      98801.
                                               Southwest Region (Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas)
Brady pincushion cactus........  Pediocactus bradyi          E          AZ   Brady Pincushion    https://           Field Supervisor,  Arizona
                                                                              Cactus              ecos.fws.gov/      602-242-0210,      Ecological
                                                                              (Pediocactus        docsrecovery_pla   AZcriteria@fws.g   Services Field
                                                                              bradyi) Recovery    n/                 ov.                Office, 9828
                                                                              Plan.               Draft%20Recovery                      North 31st
                                                                                                  %20Plan%20Amendm                      Avenue, #C#,
                                                                                                  ent_Brady%20Pinc                      Phoenix, Arizona
                                                                                                  ushion_clean.pdf.                     85051.
Siler pincushion cactus........  Pediocactus sileri          T      AZ, UT   Siler Pincushion    https://
                                                                              Cactus              ecos.fws.gov/
                                                                              (Pediocactus        docsrecovery_pla
                                                                              sileri) Recovery    n/
                                                                              Plan.               Draft%20Recovery
Sacramento prickly poppy.......  Argemone                    E          NM   Sacramento Prickly- https://           Susan Millsap,     New Mexico
                                  pleiacantha ssp.                            Poppy (Argemone     ecos.fws.gov/      Field Office       Ecological
                                  pinnatisecta.                               pleiacantha ssp.    docsrecovery_pla   Supervisor, 505-   Services Field
                                                                              pinnatisecta )      n/                 761-4781,          Office, 2105
                                                                              Recovery Plan.      20180816_Draft%2   susan_millsap@fw   Osuna NE,
                                                                                                  0Recovery%20Plan   s.gov.             Albuquerque, New
                                                                                                  %20Amendment_Sac                      Mexico 87113.
Lee pincushion cactus..........  Coryphantha                 T          NM   Sneed and Lee       https://
                                  sneedii var. leei.                          Pincushion Cacti    ecos.fws.gov/
                                                                              (Coryphantha        docsrecovery_pla
                                                                              sneedii var.        n/
                                                                              sneedii and         Draft%20Recovery
                                                                              Coryphantha         %20Plan%20Amendm
                                                                              sneedii var.        ent_SneedLee%20P
                                                                              leei) Recovery      incuschion_clean
                                                                              Plan.               .pdf.
Sneed pincushion cactus........  Coryphantha                 E      NM, TX
                                  sneedii var.
Kuenzler hedgehog cactus.......  Echinocereus                T          NM   Kuenzler Hedgehog   https://
                                  fendleri var.                               Cactus              ecos.fws.gov/
                                  kuenzleri.                                  (Echinocereus       docsrecovery_pla
                                                                              fendleri var.       n/
                                                                              kuenzleri)          Draft%20Recovery
                                                                              Recovery Plan.      %20Plan%20Amendm
Zuni fleabane..................  Erigeron                    T      AZ, NM   Zuni Fleabane       https://
                                  rhizomatus.                                 (Erigeron           ecos.fws.gov/
                                                                              rhizomatus)         docsrecovery_pla
                                                                              Recovery Plan.      n/

[[Page 794]]

Holy Ghost ipomopsis...........  Ipomopsis sancti-           E          NM   Holy Ghost          https://
                                  spiritus.                                   Ipomopsis           ecos.fws.gov/
                                                                              (Ipomopsis sancti-  docsrecovery_pla
                                                                              spiritus)           n/
                                                                              Recovery Plan.      20180816_Draft%2
Knowlton's cactus..............  Pediocactus                 E            CO,Knowlton's Cactus   https://
                                  knowltonii.                                 (Pediocactus        ecos.fws.gov/
                                                                              knowltonii)         docsrecovery_pla
                                                                              Recovery Plan.      n/
Socorro isopod.................  Thermosphaeroma             E          NM   Soccoro Isopod      https://
                                  thermophilus.                               Recovery Plan.      ecos.fws.gov/
Star cactus....................  Astrophytum                 E          TX   Star Cactus         https://           Dawn Gardiner,     Texas Coastal
                                  asterias.                                   (Astrophytum        ecos.fws.gov/      Assistant Field    Ecological
                                                                              asterias)           docsrecovery_pla   Supervisor, 361-   Services Field
                                                                              Recovery Plan.      n/                 994-9005x259,      Office--Corpus
                                                                                                  Draft%20Recovery   dawn_gardiner@fw   Christi, 4444
                                                                                                  %20Plan%20Amendm   s.gov.             Corona Drive,
                                                                                                  ent_Star%20Cactu                      Suite 215,
                                                                                                  s_clean.pdf.                          Corpus Christi,
                                                                                                                                        Texas 78411.
Zapata bladderpod..............  Lesquerella                 E          TX   Zapata Bladderpod   https://
                                  thamnophila.                                (Lesquerella        ecos.fws.gov/
                                                                              thamnophila)        docsrecovery_pla
                                                                              Recovery Plan.      n/
Coffin Cave mold beetle........  Batrisodes texanus          E          TX   Endangered Karst    https://           Adam Zerrenner,    Austin Ecological
Tooth Cave spider..............  Neoleptoneta                E          TX    Invertebrates       ecos.fws.gov/      Field              Services Field
Tooth Cave ground beetle.......   myopica.                   E          TX    (Travis and         docsrecovery_pla   Supervisor, 512-   Office, 10711
Tooth Cave pseudoscorpion......  Rhadine persephone          E          TX    Williamson          n/                 490-0057x248,      Burnet Road,
                                 Tartarocreagris                              Counties, Texas)    Draft%20Recovery   adam_zerrenner@f   Suite 200
                                  texana.                                     Recovery Plan.      %20Plan%20Amendm   ws.gov.            Austin, Texas
                                                                                                  ent_Travis-                           78758.
Kretschmarr Cave mold beetle...  Texamaurops                 E          TX
Bee Creek Cave harvestman......  Texella reddelli..          E          TX
Bone Cave harvestman...........  Texella reyesi....          E          TX
Tobusch fishhook cactus........  Sclerocactus                E          TX   Tobusch Fishhook    https://
                                  brevihamatus ssp.                           Cactus              ecos.fws.gov/
                                  tobuschii.                                  (Ancistrocactus     docsrecovery_pla
                                                                              tobuschii)          n/
                                                                              Recovery Plan.      Draft%20SCLTOB%2
                                   Pacific Southwest Region (California, Nevada, and the Klamath Basin area of Oregon)
Marsh sandwort.................  Arenaria                    E            CA,Recovery Plan for   https://           Cat Darst,         Ventura Fish and
Gambel's watercress............   paludicola.                E            CA  Marsh Sandwort      ecos.fws.gov/      Assistant Field    Wildlife Office,
                                 Rorippa gambellii.                           (Arenaria           docsrecovery_pla   Supervisor, 805-   2493 Portola
                                                                              paludicola) and     n/                 644-1766,          Road, Suite B,
                                                                              Gambel's            Draft%20Recovery   r8ventura-         Ventura, CA
                                                                              Watercress          %20Plan%20Amendm   recoverycomments   93003.
                                                                              (Rorippa            ent%20NAGA%20ROG   @fws.gov.
                                                                              gambelii).          A.pdf.
Pismo clarkia..................  Clarkia speciosa            E            CA Recovery Plan for   https://
                                  ssp. immaculata.   ..........  ..........   the Morro           ecos.fws.gov/
Chorro Creek bog thistle.......  Cirsium fontinale           E            CA  Shoulderband        docsrecovery_pla
Indian Knob mountainbalm.......   var. obispoense.   ..........  ..........   Snail and Four      n/
                                 Eriodictyon                 E            CA  Plants from San     Draft%20Recovery
                                  altissimum.                                 Luis Obispo         %20Plan%20Amendm
                                                                              County,             ent%20IKMB%20CCB
                                                                              California.         T%20PismoClarkia

[[Page 795]]

Scotts Valley spineflower......  Chorizanthe                 E            CA Recovery Plan for   https://
                                  robusta var.                                Insect and Plant    ecos.fws.gov/
                                  hartwegii.                                  Taxa from the       docsrecovery_pla
                                                                              Santa Cruz          n/
                                                                              Mountains in        Draft%20Recovery
                                                                              California.         %20Plan%20Amendm
Coastal dunes milk-vetch.......  Astragalus tener            E            CA Recovery Plan for   https://
Yadon's piperia................   var. titi.                 E            CA  Five Plants from    ecos.fws.gov/
Hickman's potentilla...........  Piperia yadonii...          E            CA  Monterey County,    docsrecovery_pla
Monterey clover................  Potentilla                  E            CA  California.         n/
                                  hickmanii.                                                      Draft%20Recovery
                                 Trifolium                                                        %20Plan%20Amendm
                                  trichocalyx.                                                    ent%20MClover%20
\1\ E = endangered; T = threatened.

How do I ask questions or provide information?

    If you wish to provide information for any species listed above, 
please submit your comments and materials to the appropriate contact in 
the table above. You may also direct questions to those contacts. 
Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the 
Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8339 for TTY assistance.

Request for Public Comments

    We request written comments on the draft recovery plan 
modifications. We will consider all comments we receive by the date 
specified in DATES prior to final approval of the plans.

Public Availability of Comments

    Before including your address, phone number, email address, or 
other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be 
aware that your entire comment--including your personal identifying 
information--may be made publicly available at any time. While you can 
ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying 
information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be 
able to do so.


    The authority for this action is section 4(f) of the Endangered 
Species Act (16 U.S.C. 1533 (f)).

    Dated: August 28, 2018.
James W. Kurth,
Deputy Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Exercising the 
Authority of the Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
[FR Doc. 2019-00436 Filed 1-30-19; 8:45 am]