[Federal Register: September 2, 2010 (Volume 75, Number 170)]
[Page 53978-53979]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]



Fish and Wildlife Service


Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 5-Year Status 
Reviews for Lomatium cookii (Cook's Lomatium) and Limnanthes floccosa 
ssp. grandiflora (Large-flowered Woolly Meadowfoam)

AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.


SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, are initiating 5-year 
reviews for two plant species in Oregon under the Endangered Species 
Act of 1973, as amended (Act). We request any new information on these 
species that may have a bearing on their classification as endangered. 
Based on the results of our 5-year reviews we will determine whether 
these species are properly classified under the Act.

DATES: To ensure consideration in our reviews, we are requesting 
submission of new information no later than November 1, 2010. However, 
we will continue to accept new information about any listed species at 
any time.

ADDRESSES: Submit information to: Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year 
Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Oregon Fish and Wildlife 
Office, 2600 SE 98th Avenue, Suite 100, Portland, OR 97266. Information 
can also be submitted by e-mail to: fw1or5yearreview@fws.gov.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jeff Dillon, U.S. Fish and Wildlife 
Service, Oregon Fish and Wildlife Office (see ADDRESSES), 503-231-6179. 
Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the 
Federal Relay Service at (800) 877-8337 for TTY assistance.


I. Why do we conduct 5-year reviews?

    Under the Act (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), we maintain Lists of 
Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants (which we collectively 
refer to as the List) in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at 50 
CFR 17.11 (for animals) and 17.12 (for plants). Section 4(c)(2)(A) of 
the Act requires us to review each listed species' status at least once 
every 5 years. Then, under section 4(c)(2)(B), we determine whether to 
remove any species from the List (delist), to reclassify it from 
endangered to threatened, to reclassify it from threatened to 
endangered, or to conclude that the current listing is appropriate. Any 
change in Federal classification requires a separate rulemaking 
    We use the following definitions, from 50 CFR 424.02, in our 
analysis of classification status:
    (A) Species includes any species or subspecies of fish, wildlife, 
or plant, and any distinct population segment of any species of 
vertebrate, that interbreeds when mature;
    (B) Endangered species means any species that is in danger of 
extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range; and
    (C) Threatened species means any species that is likely to become 
an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a 
significant portion of its range.
    Our regulations at 50 CFR 424.21 require that we publish a notice 
in the Federal Register announcing the species we are reviewing.

II. What species are under review?

    This notice announces our active review of Lomatium cookii (Cook's 
lomatium) and Limnanthes floccosa ssp. grandiflora (large-flowered 
woolly meadowfoam). These two plant species occur only in Oregon and 
were originally listed as endangered on November 7, 2002 (67 FR 68004).

III. What information do we consider in the review?

    A 5-year review considers all new information available at the time 
of the

[[Page 53979]]

review. In conducting these reviews, we consider the best scientific 
and commercial data that has become available since the listing 
determination or most recent status review, such as:
    (A) Species biology, including, but not limited to, population 
trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics;
    (B) Habitat conditions, including, but not limited to, amount, 
distribution, and suitability;
    (C) Conservation measures that have been implemented that benefit 
the species;
    (D) Threat status and trends (see five factors under heading ``How 
Do We Determine Whether a Species is Endangered or Threatened?''); and
    (E) Other new information, data, or corrections.

IV. How do we determine whether a species is endangered or threatened?

    Section 4(a)(1) of the Act requires that we determine whether a 
species is endangered or threatened based on one or more of the five 
following factors:
    (A) The present or threatened destruction, modification, or 
curtailment of its habitat or range;
    (B) Overutilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or 
educational purposes;
    (C) Disease or predation;
    (D) The inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms; or
    (E) Other natural or manmade factors affecting its continued 
    Under section 4(b)(1) of the Act, we must base our assessment of 
these factors solely on the best scientific and commercial data 

V. What could happen as a result of this review?

    For each species under review, if we find new information 
indicating a change in classification is warranted, we may propose a 
new rule that could do one of the following:
    (A) Reclassify the species from endangered to threatened 
(downlist); or
    (B) Remove the species from the List (delist).
    If we determine that a change in classification is not warranted, 
then the species remains on the List under its current status.

VI. Request for New Information

    To ensure that a 5-year review is complete and based on the best 
available scientific and commercial information, we request new 
information from all sources. See ``What Information Do We Consider in 
Our Review?'' for specific criteria. If you submit information, please 
support it with documentation such as maps, bibliographic references, 
methods used to gather and analyze the data, and/or copies of any 
pertinent publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources.
    If you wish to provide information for any species included in 
these 5-year reviews, please submit your comments and materials to the 
Field Supervisor of the appropriate Fish and Wildlife Office (see 
ADDRESSES section).

VII. Public Availability of Comments

    Before including your address, phone number, e-mail address, or 
other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be 
aware that your entire comment--including your personal identifying 
information--may be made publicly available at any time. While you can 
ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying 
information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be 
able to do so.
    Comments and materials received will be available for public 
inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the offices 
where the comments are submitted.

VIII. Completed and Active Reviews

    A list of all completed and currently active 5-year reviews 
addressing species for which the Pacific Region of the Service has lead 
responsibility is available at: http://www.fws.gov/pacific/ecoservices/

IX. Authority

    This document is published under the authority of the Endangered 
Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.).

    Dated: July 19, 2010.
Theresa E. Rabot,
Acting Regional Director, Region 1, Fish and Wildlife Service.
[FR Doc. 2010-21919 Filed 9-1-10; 8:45 am]