[Federal Register: September 27, 2005 (Volume 70, Number 186)]
[Proposed Rules]               
[Page 56434-56439]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]



Fish and Wildlife Service

50 CFR Part 17

RIN 1018-AT74

Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed 
Designation of Critical Habitat for Astragalus lentiginosus var. 
coachellae (Coachella Valley milk-vetch)

AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Proposed rule; reopening of public comment period and notice of 
availability of draft economic analysis.


SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), announce the 
reopening of the public comment period on the proposed designation of 
critical habitat for Astragalus lentiginosus var. coachellae (Coachella 
Valley milk-vetch), and the availability of a draft economic analysis 
of the proposed designation of critical habitat. We are reopening the 
comment period to allow all interested parties an opportunity to 
comment simultaneously on the proposed rule and the associated draft 
economic analysis. Comments previously submitted on this proposed rule 
need not be resubmitted as they have already been incorporated into the

[[Page 56435]]

public record and will be fully considered in our final determination.

DATES: We will accept public comments and information until October 27, 

ADDRESSES: Written comments and materials may be submitted to us by any 
one of the following methods:
    1. You may submit written comments and information to Jim Bartel, 
Field Supervisor, Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office, 6010 Hidden Valley 
Road, Carlsbad, CA 92011;
    2. You may hand-deliver written comments and information to our 
Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office at the above address, or fax your 
comments to 760/431-9624; or
    3. You may send your comments by electronic mail (e-mail) to 
fw1cfwocvmv@fws.gov. For directions on how to submit electronic 

comments, see the ``Public Comments Solicited'' section. In the event 
that our Internet connection is not functional, please submit your 
comments by the alternate methods mentioned above.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jim Bartel, Field Supervisor, Carlsbad 
Fish and Wildlife Office, at the above address (telephone 760/431-9440; 
facsimile 760/431-9624).


Public Comments Solicited

    We will accept written comments and information during this 
reopened comment period. We intend that any final action resulting from 
our critical habitat proposal be as accurate and effective as possible. 
Therefore, we solicit comments or suggestions from the public, other 
concerned governmental agencies, Tribes, the scientific community, 
industry, or any other interested party concerning the proposed rule 
and the associated draft economic analysis. We particularly seek 
comments concerning:
    (1) The reasons why any habitat should or should not be determined 
to be critical habitat as provided by section 4 of the Endangered 
Species Act (Act) of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), 
including whether the benefits of designation would outweigh any 
threats to the species resulting from designation;
    (2) Specific information on the distribution of Astragalus 
lentiginosus var. coachellae, the amount and distribution of the 
species' habitat, and which habitat is essential to the conservation of 
the species, and why;
    (3) Land-use designations and current or planned activities in the 
subject area and their possible impacts on the species or proposed 
critical habitat;
    (4) Whether our approach to critical habitat designation could be 
improved or modified in any way to provide for greater public 
participation and understanding, or to assist us in accommodating 
public concerns and comments;
    (5) Any foreseeable economic, environmental, or other impacts 
resulting from the proposed designation of critical habitat or 
coextensively from the listing, and in particular, any impacts on small 
entities or families;
    (6) Whether the economic analysis identifies all State and local 
costs. If not, what other costs should be included;
    (7) Whether the economic analysis makes appropriate assumptions 
regarding current practices and likely regulatory changes imposed as a 
result of the listing of the species or the designation of critical 
    (8) Whether the economic analysis correctly assesses the effect on 
regional costs associated with land- and water-use controls that derive 
from the designation;
    (9) Whether the designation will result in disproportionate 
economic impacts to specific areas that should be evaluated for 
possible exclusion from any final designation;
    (10) Whether the economic analysis appropriately identifies all 
costs that could result from the designation or coextensively from the 
listing; and
    (11) Whether there is information about areas that could be used as 
substitutes for the economic activities planned in critical habitat 
areas that would offset the costs and allow for the conservation of 
critical habitat areas.
    All previous comments and information submitted during the initial 
comment period on the proposed rule need not be resubmitted. If you 
wish to comment, you may submit your comments and materials concerning 
the draft economic analysis and the proposed rule by any one of several 
methods (see ADDRESSES section). Our final determination concerning 
designation of critical habitat for Astragalus lentiginosus var. 
coachellae will take into consideration all comments and any additional 
information received during both comment periods. On the basis of 
public comment on the critical habitat proposal, the draft economic 
analysis, and the final economic analysis, we may during the 
development of our final determination find that areas proposed are not 
essential, are appropriate for exclusion under section 4(b)(2) of the 
Act, or are not appropriate for exclusion.
    Please submit electronic comments in an ASCII file and avoid the 
use of any special characters or any form of encryption. Also, please 
include ``Attn: Coachella Valley milk-vetch'' and your name and return 
address in your e-mail message regarding the Astragalus lentiginosus 
var. coachellae proposed rule or the draft economic analysis. If you do 
not receive a confirmation from the system that we have received your 
e-mail message, please submit your comments in writing using one of the 
alternate methods described above in the ADDRESSES section.
    Our practice is to make comments, including names and home 
addresses of respondents, available for public review during regular 
business hours. Individual respondents may request that we withhold 
their home address, which we will honor to the extent allowable by law. 
There also may be circumstances in which we would withhold a 
respondent's identity, as allowable by law. If you wish us to withhold 
your name and/or address, you must state this prominently at the 
beginning of your comments. However, we will not consider anonymous 
comments. We will make all submissions from organizations or 
businesses, and from individuals identifying themselves as 
representatives or officials of organizations or businesses, available 
for public inspection in their entirety.
    Comments and materials received, as well as supporting 
documentation used in preparation of the proposal to designate critical 
habitat, will be available for public inspection, by appointment, 
during normal business hours at the Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office 
at the address listed under ADDRESSES. Copies of the proposed critical 
habitat rule for Astragalus lentiginosus var. coachellae and the draft 
economic analysis are also available on the Internet at http://www.fws.gov/pacific/carlsbad/CVMV.htm.
 In the event that our Internet 

connection is not functional, please obtain copies of documents 
directly from the Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.


    On December 14, 2004, we published a proposed rule in the Federal 
Register (69 FR 74468) to designate critical habitat for Astragalus 
lentiginosus var. coachellae pursuant to the Act. We identified 
approximately 20,559 acres (ac) (8,320 hectares (ha)) of essential 
habitat for this species. Of the essential habitat, we proposed to 
designate approximately 3,583 ac (1,450 ha) of critical habitat in 
three units in Riverside and San Bernardino Counties, California. 
Approximately 16,976 ac (6,870 ha) of essential habitat covered under 
the pending Coachella Valley Multiple Species Habitat Conservation

[[Page 56436]]

Plan in Riverside County was excluded from proposed critical habitat 
under section 4(b)(2) of the Act. The first comment period for the A. 
l. var. coachellae proposed critical habitat rule closed on February 
14, 2005. For more information on this species, refer to the final rule 
listing this species as endangered, published in the Federal Register 
on October 6, 1998 (63 FR 53596).
    The proposed critical habitat for Astragalus lentiginosus var. 
coachellae, published on December 14, 2004 (69 FR 74475), was intended 
to include only Federal and State lands. Although the descriptions of 
the proposed critical habitat units describe those units as Federal or 
State lands, due to using a 100 meter Universal Transverse Mercator 
grid in our mapping process, some acres associated with private lands 
were inadvertently included in the total acreage figures. Because the 
draft economic analysis looks at the costs associated with all of the 
acreage included in the proposed rule, the development costs on private 
lands were included. If this proposed critical habitat designation is 
made final, the Service intends to explicitly remove the private lands 
in the final determination.
    Critical habitat is defined in section 3 of the Act as the specific 
areas within the geographic area occupied by a species, at the time it 
is listed in accordance with the Act, on which are found those physical 
or biological features essential to the conservation of the species and 
that may require special management considerations or protection, and 
specific areas outside the geographic area occupied by a species at the 
time it is listed, upon a determination that such areas are essential 
for the conservation of the species. If the proposed rule is made 
final, section 7 of the Act will prohibit destruction or adverse 
modification of critical habitat by any activity funded, authorized, or 
carried out by any Federal agency. Federal agencies proposing actions 
affecting areas designated as critical habitat must consult with us on 
the effects of their proposed actions, pursuant to section 7(a)(2) of 
the Act.
    Section 4(b)(2) of the Act requires that we designate or revise 
critical habitat on the basis of the best scientific and commercial 
data available, after taking into consideration the economic impact, 
impact to national security, and any other relevant impacts of 
specifying any particular area as critical habitat. We have prepared a 
draft economic analysis of the December 14, 2004 (69 FR 74468), 
proposed designation of critical habitat for Astragalus lentiginosus 
var. coachellae.
    The draft economic analysis considers the potential economic 
effects of actions relating to the conservation of Astragalus 
lentiginosus var. coachellae, including costs associated with sections 
4, 7, and 10 of the Act, and including those attributable to 
designating critical habitat. It further considers the economic effects 
of protective measures taken as a result of other Federal, State, and 
local laws that aid habitat conservation for A. l. var. coachellae in 
essential habitat areas. The analysis considers both economic 
efficiency and distributional effects. In the case of habitat 
conservation, efficiency effects generally reflect the ``opportunity 
costs'' associated with the commitment of resources to comply with 
habitat protection measures (e.g., lost economic opportunities 
associated with restrictions on land use). This analysis also addresses 
how potential economic impacts are likely to be distributed, including 
an assessment of any local or regional impacts of habitat conservation 
and the potential effects of conservation activities on small entities 
and the energy industry. This information can be used by decision-
makers to assess whether the effects of the designation might unduly 
burden a particular group or economic sector. Finally, this analysis 
looks retrospectively at costs that have been incurred since the date 
the species was listed as an endangered species and considers those 
costs that may occur in the 20 years following the designation of 
critical habitat.
    Pre-designation costs include those Astragalus lentiginosus var. 
coachellae-related conservation activities associated with sections 4, 
7, and 10 of the Act that have accrued since the time that A. l. var. 
coachellae was listed as endangered (October 6, 1998), but prior to the 
final designation of critical habitat. The pre-designation costs in the 
proposed critical habitat are estimated at $2.5 million.
    Post-designation effects include likely future costs associated 
with Astragalus lentiginosus var. coachellae conservation efforts 
following the final designation of critical habitat in December 2005 
(effectively 2006 through 2025). The total costs associated with the 
designation of critical habitat are expected to be $7.8 million in 
constant dollars, or $5.8 million and $4.2 million when using a three 
percent or seven percent discount rate, respectively, over the next 20 
years (an annualized cost of $0.4 million at either rate). As mentioned 
above, private lands were not meant to be included in the proposed 
designation. The costs associated with development on private lands are 
$1.5 million in constant dollars, or $1.1 million and $0.8 million when 
using a three percent or seven percent discount rate, respectively, 
over the next 20 years (an annualized cost of $0.07 million at either 
rate). Therefore, the net costs associated with the designation of 
critical habitat are expected to be $6.2 million in constant dollars, 
or $4.7 million or $3.4 million when using a three percent or seven 
percent discount rate, respectively over the next 20 years (an 
annualized cost of $0.03 million at either rate).

Required Determinations

Regulatory Planning and Review

    In accordance with Executive Order 12866, this document is a 
significant rule in that it may raise novel legal and policy issues. 
However, because the draft economic analysis indicates the potential 
economic impact associated with a designation of all habitat with 
features essential to the conservation of this species would total no 
more than $0.4 million per year, we do not anticipate that this final 
rule will have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more 
or affect the economy in a material way. Due to the time line for 
publication in the Federal Register, the Office of Management and 
Budget (OMB) did not formally review the proposed rule.

Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.)

    Under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq., as 
amended by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act 
(SBREFA) of 1996), whenever an agency is required to publish a notice 
of rulemaking for any proposed or final rule, it must prepare and make 
available for public comment a regulatory flexibility analysis that 
describes the effects of the rule on small entities (i.e., small 
businesses, small organizations, and small government jurisdictions). 
However, no regulatory flexibility analysis is required if the head of 
the agency certifies the rule will not have a significant economic 
impact on a substantial number of small entities. In our proposed rule, 
we withheld our determination of whether this designation would result 
in a significant effect as defined under SBREFA until we completed our 
draft economic analysis of the proposed designation so that we would 
have the factual basis for our determination.
    According to the Small Business Administration (SBA), small 
entities include small organizations, such as independent nonprofit 

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and small governmental jurisdictions, including school boards and city 
and town governments that serve fewer than 50,000 residents, as well as 
small businesses (13 CFR 121.201). Small businesses include 
manufacturing and mining concerns with fewer than 500 employees, 
wholesale trade entities with fewer than 100 employees, retail and 
service businesses with less than $5 million in annual sales, general 
and heavy construction businesses with less than $27.5 million in 
annual business, special trade contractors doing less than $11.5 
million in annual business, and agricultural businesses with annual 
sales less than $750,000. To determine if potential economic impacts to 
these small entities are significant, we considered the types of 
activities that might trigger regulatory impacts under this designation 
as well as types of project modifications that may result. In general, 
the term significant economic impact is meant to apply to a typical 
small business firm's business operations.
    To determine if this proposed designation of critical habitat for 
Astragalus lentiginosus var. coachellae would affect a substantial 
number of small entities, we considered the number of small entities 
affected within particular types of economic activities (e.g., 
residential, industrial, and commercial development). We considered 
each industry or category individually to determine if certification is 
appropriate. In estimating the numbers of small entities potentially 
affected, we also considered whether their activities have any Federal 
involvement; some kinds of activities are unlikely to have any Federal 
involvement and so will not be affected by the designation of critical 
habitat. Designation of critical habitat only affects activities 
conducted, funded, permitted, or authorized by Federal agencies; non-
Federal activities are not affected by the designation.
    If this proposed critical habitat designation is made final, 
Federal agencies must consult with us if their activities may affect 
designated critical habitat. Consultations to avoid the destruction or 
adverse modification of critical habitat would be incorporated into the 
existing consultation process. Our analysis determined that costs 
involving conservation measures for Astragalus lentiginosus var. 
coachellae would be incurred for activities involving residential, 
commercial, and industrial development (land subdivision companies); 
transportation (California Department of Transportation (Cal Trans), 
Coachella Valley Association of Governments (CVAG), or Riverside County 
Transportation Commission (RCTC)); Federal land (Bureau of Land 
Management (BLM), U.S. Forest Service (USFS), and U.S. Fish and 
Wildlife Service (Service)); other public (California Department of 
Fish and Game (CDFG) and California Department of Parks and Recreation 
(CDPR)) or conservation (The Nature Conservancy (TNC) and Center for 
Natural Lands Management (CNLM)) land management, water supply (Mission 
Springs Water District (MSWD) and Coachella Valley Water District 
(CVWD)), and flood control (CVWD and Riverside County Flood Control and 
Water Conservation District (RCFC) agencies); implementation of the 
draft Coachella Valley Multiple Species Habitat Conservation Plan 
(MSHCP); and wind energy projects (private businesses and individuals).
    In our economic analysis of this proposed designation, we evaluated 
the potential economic effects on small business entities resulting 
from conservation actions related to the listing of this species and 
proposed designation of its critical habitat. Critical habitat 
designation is expected to result in additional costs to real estate 
development projects through a Local Development Mitigation Fee. This 
fee will be imposed by local jurisdictions on residential, commercial, 
and industrial development occurring on private land containing habitat 
for covered species (species included in the MSHCP permit) within the 
Coachella Valley MSHCP Plan Area. The affected land is located within 
Riverside County and under private ownership by individuals who will 
either undertake a development project on their own or sell the land to 
developers for development. However, as previously mentioned, due to 
using a 100 meter Universal Transverse Mercator grid in our mapping 
process, private lands were inadvertently included in the proposed 
critical habitat designation. If the proposed rule is made final, the 
Service intends to explicitly remove private lands, and therefore the 
additional costs to real estate development projects mentioned above 
will likely not materialize. For businesses involved with land 
development, the relevant threshold for ``small'' is annual revenues of 
$6 million or less. The North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS) code 237210 is comprised of establishments primarily engaged in 
servicing land (e.g., excavation, installing roads and utilities) and 
subdividing real property into lots for subsequent sale to builders. 
Land subdivision precedes actual construction, and typically includes 
residential but may also include industrial and commercial properties.
    It is likely that development companies in Riverside County, the 
entities directly impacted by the regulation, would not bear the 
additional costs of Astragalus lentiginosus var. coachellae 
conservation within the essential habitat, but pass these costs to the 
landowners through a lower land purchase price. Of the 8,598 acres of 
developable land in Units 1 and 2, 8,559 acres are under private 
ownership and ``vacant''; the remaining 39 acres are under private 
ownership and in agriculture.
    To comply with the SBA recommendation that Federal agencies 
consider impacts to entities that may be indirectly affected by the 
proposed regulation, this screening level analysis presents information 
on land subdivision and farming businesses for Riverside County as 
these are the businesses that would likely be impacted directly or 
indirectly by the regulation (see Table A-1 in the draft economic 
analysis). As highlighted in Table A-1, the majority of the land 
subdivision and farming businesses within Riverside County are 
considered small businesses.
    It is important to note that the identity and number of land 
subdivision and farming businesses impacted by the critical habitat 
designation is not known. In addition, the identity and number of 
affected businesses classified as ``small'' is also not known. 
Nevertheless, the county-level information provided in Table A-1 
reflects the smallest region for which data relevant to this analysis 
exist. This county-level information clearly over-represents the 
potential number of small businesses impacted by development-related 
Astragalus lentiginosus var. coachellae conservation efforts as the 
privately owned developable land within the essential habitat 
(approximately 8,598 acres) comprises less than two-tenths of one 
percent of the total land area in the County (4,612,480 acres), and 
only 265.2 acres of this private land is forecasted to be developed 
between 2006 and 2025. Furthermore, the 39 acres of agriculture land 
represent less than one-half of one percent of the developable land 
(approximately 8,598 acres) within the essential habitat.
    While the identity and number of land subdivision and farming 
businesses impacted by the critical habitat designation is not known, 
considering that low density residential

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development is expected to comprise 79 percent of the forecasted acres 
of land development between 2006 and 2025, this analysis relates the 
economic impacts to the median home price in the County. The mitigation 
cost per acre of development is $1,975 for this species, and the build-
out density for residential low development is fewer than eight 
dwelling units per acre. Thus, Astragalus lentiginosus var. coachellae-
related conservation efforts are expected to cost between $247 and 
$1,975 per residential dwelling unit (one to eight dwelling units per 
acre) developed. Considering the median sales price for single family 
residences in the County was $315,000 in 2004, the economic impacts are 
equal to 0.08 percent to 0.63 percent of the median home price in 
Riverside County. These costs may be borne by the developer or passed 
on to the landowner through a lower land purchase price.
    Based on this data, we have determined that this proposed 
designation would not result in a significant economic impact on a 
substantial number of small entities, in particular to land developers 
or farmers in Riverside County since no private lands are actually 
being proposed for critical habitat as stated earlier in the Background 
section. We may also exclude areas from the final designation if it is 
determined that these localized areas have an impact to a substantial 
number of businesses and a significant proportion of their annual 
revenues. As such, we are certifying that this proposed designation of 
critical habitat would not result in a significant economic impact on a 
substantial number of small entities. Please refer to Appendix A of our 
draft economic analysis of this proposed designation for a more 
detailed discussion of potential economic impacts to small business 

Executive Order 13211

    On May 18, 2001, the President issued Executive Order (E.O.) 13211 
on regulations that significantly affect energy supply, distribution, 
and use. E.O. 13211 requires agencies to prepare Statements of Energy 
Effects when undertaking certain actions. This proposed rule is 
considered a significant regulatory action under E.O. 12866 because it 
raises novel legal and policy issues. On the basis of our draft 
economic analysis, the proposed critical habitat designation is not 
expected to significantly affect energy supplies, distribution, or use. 
Therefore, this action is not a significant action, and no Statement of 
Energy Effects is required. Please refer to Appendix A of our draft 
economic analysis of the proposed designation for a more detailed 
discussion of potential effects on energy supply.

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (2 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.)

    In accordance with the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (2 U.S.C. 
1501), the Service makes the following findings:
    (a) This rule will not produce a Federal mandate. In general, a 
Federal mandate is a provision in legislation, statute, or regulation 
that would impose an enforceable duty upon State, local, tribal 
governments, or the private sector and includes both ``Federal 
intergovernmental mandates'' and ``Federal private sector mandates.'' 
These terms are defined in 2 U.S.C. 658(5)-(7). ``Federal 
intergovernmental mandate'' includes a regulation that ``would impose 
an enforceable duty upon State, local, or tribal governments'' with two 
exceptions. It excludes ``a condition of Federal assistance.'' It also 
excludes ``a duty arising from participation in a voluntary Federal 
program,'' unless the regulation ``relates to a then-existing Federal 
program under which $500,000,000 or more is provided annually to State, 
local, and tribal governments under entitlement authority,'' if the 
provision would ``increase the stringency of conditions of assistance'' 
or ``place caps upon, or otherwise decrease, the Federal Government's 
responsibility to provide funding'' and the State, local, or tribal 
governments ``lack authority'' to adjust accordingly. At the time of 
enactment, these entitlement programs were: Medicaid; AFDC work 
programs; Child Nutrition; Food Stamps; Social Services Block Grants; 
Vocational Rehabilitation State Grants; Foster Care, Adoption 
Assistance, and Independent Living; Family Support Welfare Services; 
and Child Support Enforcement. ``Federal private sector mandate'' 
includes a regulation that ``would impose an enforceable duty upon the 
private sector, except (i) a condition of Federal assistance; or (ii) a 
duty arising from participation in a voluntary Federal program.''
    The designation of critical habitat does not impose a legally 
binding duty on non-Federal government entities or private parties. 
Under the Act, the only regulatory effect is that Federal agencies must 
ensure that their actions do not destroy or adversely modify critical 
habitat under section 7. Non-Federal entities that receive Federal 
funding, assistance, permits, or otherwise require approval or 
authorization from a Federal agency for an action, may be indirectly 
impacted by the designation of critical habitat. However, the legally 
binding duty to avoid destruction or adverse modification of critical 
habitat rests squarely on the Federal agency. Furthermore, to the 
extent that non-Federal entities are indirectly impacted because they 
receive Federal assistance or participate in a voluntary Federal aid 
program, the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act would not apply; nor would 
critical habitat shift the costs of the large entitlement programs 
listed above on to State governments.
    (b) We do not believe that this rule will significantly or uniquely 
affect small governments. As discussed in the draft economic analysis, 
nine small local governments are located adjacent to or bisect the 
areas subject to this analysis: Palm Springs (population 42,807); 
Cathedral City (population 42,647); Banning (population 23,562); Yucca 
Valley (population 16,865); Desert Hot Springs (population 16,582); 
Cherry Valley (population 5,891); Thousand Palms (population 5,120); 
Cabazon (population 2,229); and Morongo Valley (population 1,929). All 
nine of the local governments have populations that fall within the 
criteria (fewer than 50,000 residents) for ``small entity.'' However, 
there is no record of consultations between the Service and these 
cities since Astragalus lentiginosus var. coachellae was listed in 
1998. Indeed, it is not likely that these cities would be involved in a 
land development project involving a section 7 consultation, although a 
city may be involved in land use planning or permitting, and may play a 
role as an interested party in infrastructure projects. Any cost 
associated with this activity/involvement is anticipated to be a very 
small portion of the city's budget. Consequently, we do not believe 
that critical habitat designation would significantly or uniquely 
affect small government entities. As such, Small Government Agency Plan 
is not required.


    In accordance with Executive Order 12630 (``Government Actions and 
Interference with Constitutionally Protected Private Property 
Rights''), we have analyzed the potential takings implications of 
proposing critical habitat for Astragalus lentiginosus var. coachellae. 
Critical habitat designation does not affect landowner actions that do 
not require Federal funding or permits, nor does it preclude 
development of habitat conservation programs or issuance of incidental 
take permits to permit actions that do require Federal funding or 
permits to go

[[Page 56439]]

forward. In conclusion, the designation of critical habitat for 
Astragalus lentiginosus var. coachellae does not pose significant 
takings implications.


    The primary authors of this notice are the staff of the Carlsbad 
Fish and Wildlife Office (see ADDRESSES section).

    Authority: The authority for this action is the Endangered 
Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.).

    Dated: September 16, 2005.
Craig Manson,
Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks.
[FR Doc. 05-19098 Filed 9-26-05; 8:45 am]