[Federal Register: July 6, 2005 (Volume 70, Number 128)]
[Page 38972-38975]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]

[[Page 38972]]



Fish and Wildlife Service

Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-
Year Reviews of the Mariana Fruit Bat (Pteropus mariannus mariannus), 
Mariana Crow (Corvus hawaiiensis), Laysan Duck (Anas laysanensis), 
Kauai Akialoa (Honeycreeper) (Hemignathus procerus), Large Kauai Thrush 
(Myadestes myadestinus), Kauai Oo (Honeyeater) (Moho braccatus), Ou 
(Honeycreeper) (Psittirostra psittace), Molokai Creeper (Paroreomyza 
flammea), Molokai Thrush (Myadestes lanaiensis rutha), Kauai Cave Wolf 
Spider (Adelocosa anops) Kauai Cave Amphipod (Spelaeorchestia koloana), 
Alsinidendron obovatum (No Common Name), Amaranthus brownii (No Common 
Name), Chamaesyce celastroides var. kaenana (Akoko), Chamaesyce 
deppeana (Akoko), Chamaesyce herbstii (Akoko), Chamaesyce skottsbergii 
var. kalaeloana (Ewa Plains Akoko), Clermontia pyrularia (Oha Wai), 
Cyanea grimesiana ssp. obatae (No Common Name), Cyanea pinnatifida 
(Haha), Cyanea st.-johnii (Haha), Cyanea superba (Haha), Cyanea 
truncata (Haha), Cyrtandra dentate (Haiwale), Gouania vitifolia (No 
Common Name), Hedyotis degeneri (No Common Name), Hibiscadelphus woodii 
(Hau Kuahiwi), Castilleja levisecta (Golden paintbrush), Fender's Blue 
Butterfly (Icaricia icarioides fenderi), Erigeron decumbens var. 
decumbens (Willamette Daisy), Lupinus sulphureus ssp. kincaidii 
(Kincaid's Lupine), Lomatium bradshawii (Bradshaw's Desert Parsley), 
and Sidalcea nelsoniana (Nelson's Checker-mallow)

AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice of review.


SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), announce the 
initiation of a 5-year review of 33 species listed in Table 1 below, 
under section 4(c)(2)(B) of the Endangered Species Act (Act). The 
purpose of a 5-year review is to ensure that the classification of a 
species as threatened or endangered on the List of Endangered and 
Threatened Wildlife and Plants is accurate and consistent with the best 
scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review. We 
are requesting submission of any such information that has become 
available since the original listing of each of these 33 species. Based 
on the results of these 5-year reviews, we will consider whether the 
status of the species should be changed, pursuant to section 4(c)(2)(B) 
of the Act.

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DATES: To allow us adequate time to conduct these reviews, we must 
receive your information no later than September 6, 2005. However, we 
will continue to accept new information about any listed species at any 

ADDRESSES: Information may be submitted to the following Service Fish 
and Wildlife Offices:
    For the Mariana fruit bat, Mariana crow, Laysan duck, Kauai akialoa 
(honeycreeper), large Kauai thrush, Kauai oo (honeyeater), ou 
(honeycreeper), Molokai creeper, Molokai thrush, Kauai cave wolf 
spider, Kauai cave amphipod, Alsinidendron obovatum, Amaranthus 
brownii, Chamaesyce celastroides var. kaenana, Chamaesyce deppeana, 
Chamaesyce herbstii, Chamaesyce skottsbergii var. kalaeloana, 
Clermontia pyrularia, Cyanea grimesiana ssp. obatae, Cyanea 
pinnatifida, Cyanea st.-johnii, Cyanea superba, Cyanea truncata, 
Cyrtandra dentata, Gouania vitifolia, Hedyotis degeneri, and 
Hibiscadelphus woodii, submit comments to the Field Supervisor, 
Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific 
Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, 300 Ala Moana Boulevard, Room 3-122, 
Box 50088, Honolulu, Hawaii 96850. Information may also be submitted 
electronically at pifwo-5yr-review@fws.gov.
    For Castilleja levisecta, submit comments to the Field Supervisor, 
Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Western 
Washington Fish and Wildlife Office, 510 Desmond Drive SE., Suite 102, 
Lacey, Washington 98503-1273. Information may also be submitted 
electronically at goldenpaintbrush@fws.gov.
    For the Fender's blue butterfly, Erigeron decumbens var. decumbens, 
Lupinus sulphureus ssp. kincaidii,

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Lomatium bradshawii, and Sidalcea nelsoniana, submit comments to the 
Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife 
Service, Oregon Fish and Wildlife Office, 2600 SE. 98th Avenue, Suite 
100, Portland, Oregon 97266. Information may also be submitted 
electronically at FW1OR5yearReview@fws.gov.
    Information received in response to this notice will be available 
for public inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours, at 
the appropriate above-named Service Fish and Wildlife Offices.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For the Mariana fruit bat, Mariana 
crow, Laysan duck, Kauai akialoa (honeycreeper), large Kauai thrush, 
Kauai oo (honeyeater), ou (honeycreeper), Molokai creeper, Molokai 
thrush, Kauai cave wolf spider, Kauai cave amphipod, Alsinidendron 
obovatum, Amaranthus brownii, Chamaesyce celastroides var. kaenana, 
Chamaesyce deppeana, Chamaesyce herbstii, Chamaesyce skottsbergii var. 
kalaeloana, Clermontia pyrularia, Cyanea grimesiana ssp. obatae, Cyanea 
pinnatifida, Cyanea st.-johnii, Cyanea superba, Cyanea truncata, 
Cyrtandra dentata, Gouania vitifolia, Hedyotis degeneri, and 
Hibiscadelphus woodii, contact Gina Shultz at the Pacific Islands Fish 
and Wildlife Office at (808) 792-9400. For Castilleja levisecta, 
contact Ted Thomas at the Western Washington Fish and Wildlife Office 
at (360) 753-9440. For the Fender's blue butterfly, Erigeron decumbens 
var. decumbens, Lupinus sulphureus ssp. kincaidii, Lomatium bradshawii, 
and Sidalcea nelsoniana, contact Rollie White at the Oregon Fish and 
Wildlife Office at (503) 231-6179.


Why Is a 5-Year Review Conducted?

    Under the Act (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) we maintain a List of 
Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants (List) at 50 CFR 17.11 
(for animals) and 17.12 (for plants). Section 4(c)(2)(A) of the Act 
requires that we conduct a review of listed species at least once every 
5 years. Then, on the basis of such reviews under section 4(c)(2)(B), 
we determine whether or not any species should be removed from the List 
(delisted), or reclassified from endangered to threatened or from 
threatened to endangered. Delisting a species must be supported by the 
best scientific and commercial data available and only considered if 
such data substantiates that the species is neither endangered nor 
threatened for one or more of the following reasons: (1) The species is 
considered extinct; (2) the species is considered to be recovered; and/
or (3) the original data available when the species was listed, or the 
interpretation of such data, were in error. Any change in Federal 
classification would require a separate rulemaking process. The 
regulations in 50 CFR 424.21 require that we publish a notice in the 
Federal Register announcing those species currently under active 
review. This notice announces our active review of 33 species listed in 
Table 1 above.

What Information Is Considered in the Review?

    A 5-year review considers all new information available at the time 
of the review. These reviews will consider the best scientific and 
commercial data that has become available since the current listing 
determination or most recent status review, such as:
    A. Species biology including, but not limited to, population 
trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics;
    B. Habitat conditions including, but not limited to, amount, 
distribution, and suitability;
    C. Conservation measures that have been implemented that benefit 
the species;
    D. Threat status and trends (see five factors under heading ``How 
Do We Determine Whether a Species is Endangered or Threatened?''); and
    E. Other new information, data, or corrections including, but not 
limited to, taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of 
erroneous information contained in the List, and improved analytical 

How Do We Determine Whether a Species Is Endangered or Threatened?

    Section 4(a)(1) of the Act requires that we determine whether a 
species is endangered or threatened based on one or more of the five 
following factors:
    A. The present or threatened destruction, modification, or 
curtailment of its habitat or range;
    B. Overutilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or 
educational purposes;
    C. Disease or predation;
    D. The inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms; or
    E. Other natural or manmade factors affecting its continued 
    Our assessment of these factors is required, under section 4(b)(1) 
of the Act, to be based solely on the best scientific and commercial 
data available.

What Could Happen as a Result of This Review?

    If we find that there is information concerning the 33 species 
listed in Table 1 above indicating a change in classification may be 
warranted, we may propose a new rule that could do one of the 
following: (a) Reclassify the species from threatened to endangered; 
(b) reclassify the species from endangered to threatened; or (c) remove 
the species from the List. If we find that a change in classification 
is not warranted, the species will remain on the List under its current 

Public Solicitation of New Information

    To ensure that these 5-year reviews are complete and based on the 
best available scientific and commercial information, we are soliciting 
new information from the public, concerned governmental agencies, 
Tribes, the scientific community, industry, environmental entities, and 
any other interested parties concerning the status of the 33 species 
listed in Table 1 above.
    If you wish to provide information for any species included in 
these 5-year reviews, you may submit your comments and materials to the 
Field Supervisors at the appropriate Service Fish and Wildlife Office 
in the ADDRESSES section above. Our practice is to make comments, 
including names and home addresses of respondents, available for public 
review during regular business hours. Respondents may request that we 
withhold a respondent's identity, as allowable by law. If you wish us 
to withhold your name or address, you must state this request 
prominently at the beginning of your comment. To the extent consistent 
with applicable law, we will make all submissions from organizations or 
businesses, and from individuals identifying themselves as 
representatives or officials of organizations or businesses, available 
for public inspection in their entirety. Comments and materials 
received will be available for public inspection, by appointment, 
during normal business hours (see ADDRESSES section).

    Authority: This document is published under the authority of the 
Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.).

    Dated: June 15, 2005.
David J. Wesley,
Regional Director, Region 1, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
[FR Doc. 05-13219 Filed 7-5-05; 8:45 am]