[Federal Register: December 20, 2004 (Volume 69, Number 243)]


[Page 76002-76003]

From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]





Fish and Wildlife Service


Recovery Plan for Five Plants From Monterey County, CA

AGENCY: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice of document availability.


SUMMARY: The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (``we'') announces the 

availability of the final Recovery Plan for Five Plants from Monterey 

County, California. This recovery plan includes the following species: 

Astragalus tener var. titi (coastal dunes milk-vetch), Piperia yadonii 

(Yadon's piperia), Potentilla hickmanii (Hickman's potentilla), 

Trifolium trichocalyx (Monterey clover), and Cupressus goveniana ssp. 

goveniana (Gowen cypress). Astragalus tener var. titi, Piperia yadonii, 

Potentilla hickmanii, and Trifolium trichocalyx are listed as 

endangered. Cupressus goveniana ssp. goveniana is listed as a 

threatened species. These plant species are found primarily along the 

coast of northern Monterey County, California. Potentilla hickmanii 

also occurs in San Mateo County and has occurred historically in Sonoma 

County. Astragalus tener var. titi has occurred historically in Los 

Angeles and San Diego Counties, California. This recovery plan includes 

specific criteria and actions to be taken in order to effectively 

recover the species.

ADDRESSES: Copies of this recovery plan are available by request from 

the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office, 

2493 Portola Road, Suite B, Ventura, California 93003 (telephone: 805/

644-1766). An electronic copy of the recovery plan is also available 

[[Page 76003]]


FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Diane Steeck, Fish and Wildlife 

Biologist, at the above Ventura address.



    Restoring endangered or threatened animals and plants to the point 

where they are again secure, self-sustaining members of their 

ecosystems is a primary goal of our endangered species program. The 

Endangered Species Act, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) (Act), 

requires the development of recovery plans for listed species unless 

such a plan would not promote the conservation of a particular species. 

Recovery plans help guide the recovery effort by describing actions 

considered necessary for the conservation of the species, establishing 

criteria for the recovery levels for downlisting or delisting them, and 

estimating time and cost for implementing the recovery measures needed.

    Section 4(f) of the Act requires that public notice and an 

opportunity for public review and comment be provided during recovery 

plan development. In fulfillment of this requirement, the Draft 

Recovery Plan for Five Plants from Monterey County, California, was 

available for public comment from May 13, 2002, through July 12, 2002 

(67 FR 32003). Information presented during the public comment period 

has been considered in the preparation of this final recovery plan, and 

is summarized in the appendix to the recovery plan. We will forward 

substantive comments regarding recovery plan implementation to 

appropriate Federal or other entities so that they can take these 

comments into account during the course of implementing recovery 


    The five plants addressed in this final recovery plan are 

threatened by one or more of the following: alteration, destruction, 

and fragmentation of habitat resulting from urban and golf course 

development; recreational activities; competition with nonnative plant 

species; herbivory from native or nonnative species; demographic 

stochasticity; modifications in hydrology; loss of individuals from 

roadside maintenance activities; and disruption of natural fire cycles 

due to fire suppression associated with increasing residential 

development around and within occupied habitat.

    The objective of this plan is to provide a framework for the 

recovery of these species so that protection by the Act is no longer 

necessary. Actions necessary to accomplish this objective include: (1) 

Permanent protection of habitat presently occupied by the species and 

the surrounding ecosystem on which they depend, with long-term 

commitments to conserving the species; (2) in protected habitat, 

successful control of invasive nonnative plants and successful 

management of other problems through at least 12 years; (3) development 

of management strategies that include results from research on the life 

histories of the taxa, and results from monitoring the species' 

responses to vegetation management; (4) surveys for additional 

populations, and successful reintroductions or establishment of 

populations for Astragalus tener var. titi, Potentilla hickmanii, and 

Trifolium trichocalyx, with populations of all five species assured of 

long-term survival; (5) establishment of seed banks; and (6) existing 

populations of Cupressus goveniana ssp. goveniana are assured of long-

term survival, including successful recruitment and reproduction. Once 

these criteria have been met, Cupressus goveniana ssp. goveniana may be 

considered for delisting and Astragalus tener var. titi, Piperia 

yadonii, Potentilla hickmanii, and Trifolium trichocalyx may be 

considered for downlisting.

    Authority: The authority for this action is section 4(f) of the 

Endangered Species Act, 16 U.S.C. 1533(f).

    Dated: August 19, 2004.

Steve Thompson,

Manager, California/Nevada Operations Office, Region 1, U.S. Fish and 

Wildlife Service.

[FR Doc. 04-27810 Filed 12-17-04; 8:45 am]