The Mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, a bureau within the Department of Interior, is the premier government agency dedicated to the conservation, protection, and enhancement of fish, wildlife and plants, and their habitats. It
is the only agency in the federal government whose primary responsibility is management of these important natural resources for the American public. The Service also helps ensure a healthy environment for people through
its work benefiting wildlife, and by providing opportunities for Americans to enjoy the outdoors and our shared natural heritage.
The Service manages the 150-million-acre National Wildlife Refuge System comprised of 551 national wildlife refuges, thousands of small wetlands, and other special management areas. It operates 70 national fish hatcheries,
65 fishery resource offices and 86 ecological services field stations. The agency also manages migratory bird populations, restores nationally significant fisheries, conserves and restores wildlife habitat and helps foreign
governments with their conservation efforts.
The Service is responsible for implementing and enforcing some of our Nation’s most important environmental laws, such as the Endangered Species Act, Migratory Bird Treaty Act, Marine Mammal Protection, North American Wetlands
Conservation Act and Lacey Act. It also oversees the Federal Aid program responsible for distributing hundreds of millions of dollars in excise taxes on fishing and hunting equipment to state fish and wildlife agencies.