Makah National Fish Hatchery Climate Change Vulnerability Analysis Final Report and Associated Appendices

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An aerial image of Makah National Fish Hatchery in Clallam Bay, Washington

This report and its associated appendices analyze the sensitivity, exposure, impact, adaptive capacity, and vulnerability of Makah National Fish Hatchery and its fall Chinook, coho salmon, winter steelhead trout broodstock broodstock
The reproductively mature adults in a population that breed (or spawn) and produce more individuals (offspring or progeny).

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programs and any supplemental programs to the long-term trends in climate and increased likelihood of extreme weather events that could significantly affect USFWS programs and hatcheries in the Columbia-Pacific Northwest Region.  

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) is assessing the vulnerability of its National Fish Hatcheries (NFHs) in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho in response to projected future climates. The Assessment Team has completed climate change climate change
Climate change includes both global warming driven by human-induced emissions of greenhouse gases and the resulting large-scale shifts in weather patterns. Though there have been previous periods of climatic change, since the mid-20th century humans have had an unprecedented impact on Earth's climate system and caused change on a global scale.

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vulnerability assessments (CCVAs) for Winthrop NFH (USFWS 2013), Quilcene NFH (USFWS 2016), Makah NFH (USFWS 2019) Warm Springs NFH (2021) and Entiat NFH (2021). These assessments are focused on NFH vulnerabilities at the hatchery and local watershed levels and are motivated by long-term trends in climate and the increased likelihood of extreme weather events that could significantly affect USFWS programs and hatcheries in the Columbia-Pacific Northwest Region. Other agencies are evaluating climate change vulnerabilities of anadromous salmonid fishes in the marine environment and freshwater migration corridors. 2 The report presented here represents the USFWS’s CCVA for Warm Springs NFH in central Oregon. 

Please cite as: 

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS).  2019.  Makah National Fish Hatchery: Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment, Final Report, July 2019.  Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Team for National Fish Hatcheries, Columbia-Pacific Northwest Region, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, Oregon.  45 pp + 6 Appendices. 

A man in rainjacket and ballcap stands in a concrete tank, holding up in both hands a gorgeous steelhead in bright spawning colors.
Hatchery Manager (Retired)
National Fish Hatchery System,
Fish and Aquatic Conservation
Dr. Don Campton
Kyle Hanson
Tim Mayer
Publication date
Type of document
Adult Chinook salmon swimming in McAllister Springs in Washington State
Since 1871 the National Fish Hatchery system has been at work improving recreational fishing and restoring aquatic species that are in decline, at risk, and are important to the health of our aquatic systems. Across the country, the network of National Fish Hatcheries work with states and tribes to...
Juvenile Northern Pike in aquarium at Gavins Point National Fish Hatchery, South Dakota
The Fish and Aquatic Conservation program leads aquatic conservation efforts for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. We are committed to tackling the nation’s highest priority aquatic conservation and recreational challenges to conserve, restore, and enhance fisheries for future generations.
A huge school of silver fishes swimming in a stream

ESA (NMFS) status: threatened (June 1997 - southern OR/northern CA population)

Coho salmon are a species of Pacific salmon which inhabit the Pacific coast in California, Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, and Alaska.  These fish are also known as silver salmon...

FWS Focus
Subject tags
Climate change
Climate effects
Fish hatcheries
Anadromous fish
Fisheries management
FWS and DOI Region(s)