An image of a turkey hunter setting out decoys.

The rolling uplands surrounding the Cahaba River are forested with longleaf and loblolly pines. Mixed upland hardwood species line ravines and the river's edge. Established September 25, 2002 to protect and manage a distinctive section of the river and land adjacent to it, Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge is home to five federally listed species, including the Cahaba shiner, goldline darter, round rocksnail and cylindrical lioplax snail. Much of the refuge's 3,500 acres were previously owned by timber companies, and restoration of native longleaf pine communities is a prime focus for refuge management. The refuge opened for hunting in 2006. The refuge permits hunting for deer, bobcat, coyote and turkey in designated areas and in accordance with Alabama state seasons. Quail hunting is allowed, but is limited due to scarcity of habitat for quail. Dogs are allowed for hunting of quail and small game.