While most of Black Bayou Lake NWR is a lake, deer hunters shouldn't overlook this refuge as a hunting spot. Fields around the lake are becoming reforested, creating ample cover and browse for deer. The refuge restricts deer hunting to archers, and bowhunters take good-sized deer each year. Many hunters from nearby Monroe hunt the refuge throughout the season. Coyote and beaver may be taken as incidental species during any hunt season. A waterfowl hunting area, on the north end of the lake, is accessible by foot. Hunters will mainly find wood ducks in this area, and the hunting success is heavily dependent on water levels. The refuge can be accessed by vehicle or ATV. ATVs are allowed on designated trails only.