The Mobile River basin is one of the world’s richest aquatic ecosystems with, possibly, the most diverse concentration of fish species, and the greatest diversity of mussels, aquatic snails and crawfish. Alabama has more fish species than any state, and the greatest concentration of turtle diversity in the nation. The longleaf pine forests surrounding the Mobile Delta include what many believe to be the greatest concentration of plant species in North America.
Coastal Alabama is home to the rare Alabama beach mouse, a species that helps stabilize sand dunes by collecting and distributing seeds. Our beaches also provide nesting habitat to shore birds and three species of sea turtles.
The complex geology in our part of the world creates a number of unique habitats and niches that have helped species evolved over the millennium. From the Blue Ridge Mountains, across the Piedmont, to the Coastal Plan, Alabama has more species of freshwater and terrestrial animals than anywhere else in North America.