Conserving the Nature of America
Press Release
Service Announces Recovery Plan Revisions for 43 Species, To Assist in Measuring Progress and Addressing Threats
Additions part of comprehensive effort to ensure all Endangered Species Act recovery plans contain quantifiable recovery goals

June 26, 2019


Division of Public Affairs
External Affairs
Telephone: 703-358-2220

As part of an agency-wide effort to advance the recovery of our nation’s most imperiled species, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has made publicly available draft revisions for 29 Endangered Species Act (ESA) recovery plans that provide a recovery roadmap for 43 federally protected species. This is the third batch of revised recovery plans, and is part of the Department of the Interior’s Agency Priority Performance Goals, which call for all ESA recovery plans to include quantitative criteria on what constitutes recovery by September 2019.

Recovery plans are non-regulatory guidance documents that identify, organize and prioritize recovery actions, set measurable recovery objectives, and include time and cost estimates. In total, the Service will revise up to 182 recovery plans covering some 305 species listed under the ESA.

The Service’s success in preventing extinctions and recovering species is due to ESA-inspired partnerships with diverse stakeholders, such as state, federal, and tribal wildlife agencies, industry, conservation groups and citizens. Each species for which recovery criteria are being revised in this effort has undergone or is currently undergoing a status review that considers the best scientific and commercial data that have become available since the species’ listing or most recent status review. This information includes: (1) the biology of the species, (2) habitat conditions, (3) conservation measures that have benefitted the species, (4) threat status and trends in relation to the five listing factors, and (5) other information, data, or corrections.

As such, these revisions reflect scientific and informational updates, which have been gained from years of collaborative work with our partners. Revisions benefit endangered and threatened species, our partners, and the public by sharing the best available information about what is really needed to achieve recovery.

Under guidance established in 2010, partial revisions, such as amendments, allow the Service to update recovery plans with the latest science and information without having to revise the entire plan, which can be a time- and resource-intensive undertaking. (This batch includes both amendments and full recovery plan revisions, as noted in below table.)

There will be a 30-day comment period on the proposed revisions, ending on July 29, 2019. We are requesting submission of any information that may help achieve (1) the necessary understanding of species’ biology, threats and recovery needs; (2) identification of implementation issues and concerns; and (3) facilitation of more effective implementation, associated with these draft revisions that update recovery criteria for these 43 species.

The plan revisions cover the following species:

Table 1. List of Animals in Batch 3

Common Name

Current Range

Recovery Plan Name

Internet Availability of Proposed Recovery Plan Revision

White sturgeon [Kootenai River DPS]

ID, MT, Canada (B.C.)

Draft Revised Recovery Plan for the Kootenai River Distinct Population Segment of the White Sturgeon1

Hutton tui chub


Recovery Plan for the Threatened and Rare Native Fishes of the Warner Basin and Alkali Subbasin2

Desert pupfish

AZ, CA, Mexico (Son.)

Desert Pupfish Recovery Plan2

Mexican long-nosed bat

NM, TX, Mexico (Coah., Hgo., Mor., N.L., and Son.)

Mexican Long-nosed Bat Recovery Plan2

Yaqui chub

AZ, Mexico (Son.)

Fishes of the Rio Yaqui Recovery Plan2

Alabama cave shrimp


Alabama Cave Shrimp (Palaemonias alabamae) Recovery Plan2

Finelined pocket book (freshwater mussel)


Recovery Plan for Mobile River Basin Aquatic Ecosystem2

Coosa moccasinshell



Southern pigtoe


Southern clubshell


Ovate clubshell


Georgia pigtoe


Recovery Plan for Georgia pigtoe mussel, Interrupted rocksnail, and Rough hornsnail2

Rough hornsnail


Purple bankclimber


Recovery Plan for Endangered Fat Threeridge, Shinyrayed Pocketbook, Gulf Moccasinshell, Oval Pigtoe and Threatened Chipola Slabshell, and Purple bankclimber2

Shinyrayed pocketbook AL, FL, GA
Gulf moccasinshell AL, FL, GA
Oval pigtoe AL, FL, GA
Cave crayfish AR, MO Recovery Plan for the Cave Crayfish2
Etonia rosemary FL Recovery Plan for Etonia Rosemary2

Florida salt marsh vole FL Recovery Plan for the Florida Salt Marsh Vole2
Anastasia Island beach mouse FL Recovery Plan for the Anastasia Island Beach Mouse and Southeastern Beach Mouse2
Schaus’ swallowtail butterfly FL South Florida Multi-Species Recovery Plan2
Key Largo cotton mouse FL
Key Largo woodrat FL
Tar River spinymussel NC Tar River Spinymussel Recovery Plan2
Royal marstonia TN Recovery Plan for Royal Snail2
Yellow-shouldered blackbird Puerto Rico Recovery Plan for the Yellow-Shouldered Blackbird2
Cranichis ricartii  (No common name) Puerto Rico, Cuba, Dominican Republic, French West Indies (Guadeloupe) Lepanthes eltoroensis and Cranichis ricartiiRecovery Plan2
Higuero de Sierra Puerto Rico Crescentia portoricensisRecovery Plan2

1 Denotes a full recovery plan revision.
2 Denotes a recovery plan amendment


Table 2. List of Plants in Batch 3 (All are amendments)

Common Name

Current Range

Recovery Plan Name

Internet Availability of Proposed Recovery Plan Revision

Arizona cliffrose


Arizona Cliffrose Recovery Plan

Nellie’s cory cactus


Nellie’s Cory Cactus Recovery Plan

Davis’s green pitaya


Davis’ Green Pitaya Cactus

Little Aguja pondweed


Little Aguja Pondweed Recovery Plan

Navasota ladies’-tresses


Navasota Ladies’-Tresses Recovery Plan

Texas trailing phlox

TX Texas Trailing Phlox Recovery Plan

Little amphianthus


Recovery Plan for Three Granite Outcrop Plant Species

Black-spored quillwort


Mat-forming quillwort


Cranichis ricartii  (No common name)

Puerto Rico, Cuba, Dominican Republic, French West Indies (Guadeloupe)

Lepanthes eltoroensis and Cranichis ricartii Recovery Plan

Etonia rosemary


Recovery Plan for Etonia Rosemary

Pelos del diablo

Puerto Rico

Pelos del diablo Recovery Plan

Aristida chaseae (No commonname)

Puerto Rico

Sierra Bermeja Plants Aristida chaseaeLyonia truncata var. proctorii, and Vernonia proctoriiRecovery Plan

Lyonia truncata var. proctorii  (No common name)

Puerto Rico

Vernonia proctorii  (No common name)

Puerto Rico

Higuero de Sierra

Puerto Rico

Crescentia portoricensis Recovery Plan

St. Thomas prickly-ash

Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands

St. Thomas Prickly-ash Recovery Plan


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