In recognition of continental declines in both scaup and scoters, Alaska Interior-wide surveys were started in 2014, including on Kanuti Refuge. The Alaska Migratory Birds Office completes annual statewide surveys in the spring for breeding pairs of dabbling ducks and other waterbirds, but because scaup and scoters are best observed later than are dabblers, a separate survey was necessary to capture these later-arriving diving and sea ducks.

Contact Information



A bright blue sky obstructed by fluffy white clouds reflected off of a stream shot from inside a kayak
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service manages an unparalleled network of public lands and waters called the National Wildlife Refuge System. With more than 570 refuges spanning the country, this system protects iconic species and provides some of the best wildlife viewing opportunities on Earth.


Kanuti Flats aerial view with spotted bodies of water.
The Athabascan name for Kanuti is "Kk'toonootne" which translates to "well traveled river by both man and animals." Kanuti Refuge is about the size of the state of Delaware and straddles the Arctic Circle, with approximately a third of the Refuge above the Circle and two-thirds below it. Kanuti...