Each year we conduct an aerial line transect survey of Greater White-fronted and Canada Geese during their molting period. Concerns in the 1990s about declines in the interior and northwest Alaska-breeding populations of white-fronts (aka “mid-continent population”) sparked increased attention to this species. Similar and complementary surveys are conducted on other refuges in interior Alaska to provide a regional view of distribution and numbers of white-fronts.

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A bright blue sky obstructed by fluffy white clouds reflected off of a stream shot from inside a kayak
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service manages an unparalleled network of public lands and waters called the National Wildlife Refuge System. With more than 570 refuges spanning the country, this system protects iconic species and provides some of the best wildlife viewing opportunities on Earth.


Kanuti Flats aerial view with spotted bodies of water.
The Athabascan name for Kanuti is "Kk'toonootne" which translates to "well traveled river by both man and animals." Kanuti Refuge is about the size of the state of Delaware and straddles the Arctic Circle, with approximately a third of the Refuge above the Circle and two-thirds below it. Kanuti...