U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service logo A Unit of the National Wildlife Refuge System
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National Wildlife Refuge

State Hwy 56 and Lighthouse Rd
Kilauea, HI   96754 - 1128
E-mail: Shannon_Smith@fws.gov
Phone Number: 808-828-1413
Visit the Refuge's Web Site:
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Hule'ia National Wildlife Refuge

Hule'ia National Wildlife Refuge is located on the southeast side of Kaua'i, adjacent to the famous Menehune Fish Pond, a registered National Historic Landmark. The Hule'ia Refuge is approximately 238 acres of bottomlands and wooded slopes along the Hule'ia River. It was established in 1973 to provide open, productive wetlands as nesting and feeding habitat for endangered Hawaiian waterbirds, including the Hawaiian stilt (ae'o), coot ('alae ke'oke'o), moorhen ('alae`ula), and duck (koloa maoli) can be found here.

To protect and minimize disturbance to the sensitive endangered species that live there, the reufge is closed to all public access.

Getting There . . .
To protect and minimize disturbance to the sensitive endangered species that live there, the refuge is closed to the public.

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Wildlife and Habitat

Hule'ia Refuge includes 241 acres of steep wooded slopes and relatively flat bottomlands along the Hule'ia River. The hillsides are dominated by introduced trees and shrubs, while most of the wetlands were historically used for taro and rice production. Prior to modifications for agriculture, these wetlands likely functioned as seasonal freshwater marshlands supporting abundant native wildlife.

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The refuge is closed to the public.

Recreation and Education Opportunities
Wildlife Observation
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Management Activities
Hule'ia NWR consists of approximately 25 acres of wildlife impoundments managed for the recovery of endangered Hawaiian waterbirds and wintering habitat for migratory waterfowl and shorebirds. Within the past 200 years, Hawai‘i has lost more than 31% of its coastal wetlands. Of the wetlands that remain, the majority is degraded by altered hydrology, contaminants, and invasive species.

With the year round growing season, refuge impoundments require intensive management efforts including mowing, disking, and water manipulation to provide the needed habitat for water birds. The refuge employs a technique known as moist-soil management which involves the manipulation of soils, hydrology, and vegetation to simulate the dynamics of seasonally-flooded wetlands to meet the life history requirements of endangered Hawaiian waterbirds.

Introduced animals such as dogs, cats, rats, barn owls, cattle egrets, and bullfrogs are predators of endangered waterbird adults and young, and are controlled on the refuge to reduce their impact on the endangered birds.