Highly pathogenic avian influenza has been confirmed in both domestic and wild birds in Canada and the United States. The strain now present in North America has caused illness and death in waterfowl, shorebirds, gulls, and birds of prey. Birds that migrate to Alaska to nest and breed could be infected. Learn more including steps hunters can take to reduce infection risk and how to report observations/concerns. See also: Alaska Bird FAQ: if it's sick, abandoned, injured or dead
Seven Villages can be found within or adjacent to the boundaries of the refuge where residents practice subsistence activities such as hunting, fishing, berry picking and wood gathering. Most of these communities are only accessible by boat or airplane in the summer months and snowmobile or dogsled during winter. About 2.5 million acres of land within the refuge boundaries are under Village or Regional Corporation ownership.