Vieques National Wildlife Refuge created by Congress with lands formerly managed by the Navy in 2001 and 2003. The refuge consists of approximately 17,771 acres of land (3,100 acres on the west and 14,671 acres on the east). Vieques National Wildlife Refuge is considered one of the most ecologically diverse wildlife refuges in the Caribbean and is the largest National Wildlife Refuge in the Caribbean.
National Wildlife refuge Service No Drone Zone information flyer
The use of DRONES on the refuge is PROHIBITED

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service policy (50 CFR 27.34 and 27.51) prohibits the unauthorized operation of aircraft at altitudes resulting in harassment of wildlife, or the unauthorized landing or take-off on a national wildlife refuge national wildlife refuge
A national wildlife refuge is typically a contiguous area of land and water managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service  for the conservation and, where appropriate, restoration of fish, wildlife and plant resources and their habitats for the benefit of present and future generations of Americans.

Learn more about national wildlife refuge
, except in an emergency. For questions regarding this policy, please contact the refuge headquarters at (787) 851-7258.

Visit Us

The Vieques National Wildlife Refuge is one of nine national wildlife refuges located in the Caribbean. Was created from former Navy managed lands by congressional actions in 2001 and 2003. It is open to the public year round. The Vieques NWR is the most ecologically diverse wildlife refuge as well as the one with the largest land mass in the Caribbean.

The Vieques NWR can be visited on both the western and eastern sides of Vieques, and is open to the public year-round. Entrance fees are not required. Currently, a major portion of the eastern wildlife refuge is closed to the public due to the danger of unexploded ordnance and the associated clean-up process.

Location and Contact Information

      About Us

      The Vieques National Wildlife Refuge is located on the Vieques Island (municipality of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico) at approximately 7 miles east of the main island. It was created from former Navy managed lands by congressional actions in 2001 and 2003. This wildlife refuge is one of nine National Wildlife Refuges located in the Caribbean. It’s considered one the most ecologically diverse wildlife refuges in the Caribbean and land-wise it is the largest National Wildlife Refuge in the Caribbean.

      What We Do

      Invasive Species Control

      The VNWR management and biology programs work with several partners to identify areas impacted by invasive plant and animal species. The Wildlife Refuge has invasive species invasive species
      An invasive species is any plant or animal that has spread or been introduced into a new area where they are, or could, cause harm to the environment, economy, or human, animal, or plant health. Their unwelcome presence can destroy ecosystems and cost millions of dollars.

      Learn more about invasive species
      control programs to create more suitable habitats for the restoration of native habitats, endemic and endangered species.

      Wildland Firefighting Program

      Fire is not a natural component of the habitat in Vieques, however, there a number fires set deliberately on and off the Vieques NWR. Our focus is to prevent catastrophic wildland fires and, when required, to combat these fires on the refuge and in areas adjacent to the refuge.

      Our Species

      The Vieques NWR was created to maintain and preserve dry forest habitat and wetlands ecosystem for resident and migratory birds and threatened and endangered species. 

      Today, the Vieques NWR provides important habitat for native, migratory, rare and protected species. Sixteen federally-listed plant and animal species occur on the refuge and its surrounding waters.


      Four (5) species of federally listed plants occur in the Vieques NWR, the cóbana negra (Stahlia monosperma), Calyptranthes thomasiana, Chamaecrista glandulosa var. mirabilis, Varronia rupicola and Matabuey (Goetzea elegans).


      Aside from the five species of sea turtles found in the waters of Vieques, there are eleven species of snakes (including the endangered Puerto Rican boa), one fresh water turtle species and a large numbers of lizards (including invasive green iguanas).


      Brown Pelican and Roseate Tern. The migratory Peregrine Falcon is found in winter. Species of concern are the following: Puerto Rican Broad-winged Hawk, Rudy duck, White crowned pigeon and White-cheeked Pintail.

      Marine Mammals

      Antillean manatee, blue whale, dolphins, orcas, fin whale, humpback whale and sei whale. The Vieques NWR does not manage these species.

      Get Involved

      Volunteers play an important role in conserving and protecting our wildlife and teaching our communities that their actions today determine the conservation legacy of tomorrow. More than 42,000 people volunteer their time and ideas each year to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Whether they work on the land, in a visitor center or with youth, they contribute to the conservation mission that reaches back more than a century.