The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service uses Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point Plans (HACCP) to help prevent the spread of aquatic invasive or non-target species during Service management applications, operations, or activities. HACCP is a structured planning process that uses five, standardized repeatable steps to identify invasive/non-target species, determine the pathways invasive or non-target species could use to spread, and then assess invasive species risk. The HACCP planning process itself is vitally important, and requires teamwork both to identify risks and implement appropriate and effective controls at the ideal time.

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Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) Planning is about risk management. It features five integrated steps that can reduc­­­e the risk of spreading invasive species invasive species
An invasive species is any plant or animal that has spread or been introduced into a new area where they are, or could, cause harm to the environment, economy, or human, animal, or plant health. Their unwelcome presence can destroy ecosystems and cost millions of dollars.

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and other non-targets via human-based pathways. HACCP examines activities to determine if and when invasive species might be unintentionally moved. Where this potential exists, the tool helps to identify the most effective opportunities during an activity to reduce that risk and the specific control measures that are needed. Safeguards are included through the use of Prescribed Ranges, Limits, or Criteria (PRLC, previously called a control limit) and corrective actions that ensure that control measures (also known as preventive measures) are operating as intended.  

The Service has developed a training curriculum to train its employees and those in other federal and state agencies, partner tribes, and conservation organzations to identify critical control points to prevent or reduce significant hazards that could be caused by unintentionally creating pathways for invasive or non-targeted species.

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Service HACCP manual for training agency and partner organization staff in Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point planning for aquatic invasive and non-target species. 

Citation: Britton, D., Heimowitz, P., Pasko, S., Patterson, M. Thompson, J. 2019....