Birds of Management Concern are a subset of Migratory Bird Treaty Act-protected species which pose special management challenges because of a variety of factors (e.g., too few, too many, conflicts with human interests, societal demands). These species are of concern because of:
- documented or apparent population declines,
- small or restricted populations,
- dependence on restricted or vulnerable habitats, or
- overabundant to the point of causing ecological and economic damage.
The current Birds of Management Concern list of 437 species, subspecies, or populations are divided into four categories:
- birds listed as endangered or threatened under the Endangered Species Act,
- nongame Migratory Birds Treaty Act-protected birds that have been determined to be of conservation concern (as published in Birds of Conservation Concern 2002;247 including all National, Regional, and Bird Conservation Region species),
- birds that are considered overabundant in part or all of their range and thus potentially damaging to natural ecosystems or human interests, and
- high-priority migratory game birds, as determined by factors such as their population status, their socio-economic value, and our ability to manage them based on sound information.
Furthermore, Birds of Management Concern species of birds are:
- protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (USFWS 1985);
- regularly found in the continental U.S., Hawaiian and U.S. Pacific Islands, Puerto Rico, or the U.S. Virgin Islands;
- regular breeders or winter residents in one of the above geographical areas;
- hunted species, that are not currently hunted for sport under provisions established by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act.
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