For practical purposes, a wildlife management area is synonymous with a national wildlife refuge national wildlife refuge
A national wildlife refuge is typically a contiguous area of land and water managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service  for the conservation and, where appropriate, restoration of fish, wildlife and plant resources and their habitats for the benefit of present and future generations of Americans.

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or a game preserve. There are nine wildlife management areas and one game preserve in the National Wildlife Refuge System.

BUTTE SINK WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT AREA is part of the Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge Complex. Butte Sink WMA does not have any lands open to the public. Most of the Butte Sink WMA consists of privately-owned properties under conservation easement. One property, known as the Butte Sink Unit,...
Grasslands Wildlife Management Area was established in 1979 and is located in western Merced County, California, within the San Joaquin River basin. Unlike typical national wildlife refuges, the Grasslands WMA is composed entirely of privately-owned lands on which perpetual conservation easements...
Kirtland’s Warbler Wildlife Management Area was established in 1980 in response to the need for more land dedicated to the recovery of the Kirtland’s warbler, which was on the endangered species list from 1967 to 2019. The management area contains 125 separate tracts of land totaling 6,684 acres...
Obtained in 1969 as a former Nike missile site, Lido Beach Wildlife Management Area protects 22 acres in Nassau County on the bay side of Hempstead’s Lido Beach. The refuge unit is NOT open to the public.
STEVE THOMPSON NORTH CENTRAL VALLEY WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT AREA is part of the Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge Complex. Steve Thompson NCV WMA consists primarily of conservation easements on privately-owned wetlands, but also includes one 1,732-acre, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service-owned...
Since 1904, White Horse Hill National Game Preserve has played an important role in the conservation of American bison. In addition to the highly visible bison, elk and prairie dogs the game preserve helps to conserve, visitors also can find numerous other species of land animals and more than 214...
WILLOW CREEK-LURLINE WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT AREA is part of the Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge Complex. Willow Creek-Lurline WMA consists solely of privately-owned properties under conservation easement, and therefore has no public access.
The Tulare Basin Wildlife Management Area is are valuable to seven threatened and endangered species, and large populations of waterfowl, shorebirds, and other migratory birds