Walleye are a freshwater fish that lives in rivers, natural lakes and reservoirs. They prefer cooler water temperatures found in both clear and turbid, shallow or deep water. Walleye reproduce at about 3 to 4 years of age.
Anglers often fish for walleye when it is windy because the wind stirs up the bottom of a lake and makes the water turbid. Walleye are great hunters of food in murky water because of their good eyesight, so anglers are often successful when the wind blows. Anglers call good fishing in the wind the walleye chop.
Location in Taxonomic Tree
Walleye live in rivers, natural lakes and reservoirs, in both clear and turbid, as well as both shallow and deep water. While they can be found cold, as well as cool water, they are not found in warm water. They are fairly generalist in habitat needs, which is why their range is so wide.
A considerable inland body of standing water.
A natural body of running water.
Newly hatched walleye eat small insects and later switch to leeches, snails, frogs, crayfish or even small mammals, but mainly eat other fish when they grow older and larger.
Walleye are fairly common throughout the continental United States. They are native to the Great Lakes and Mississippi River drainage basins, but have been introduced to many other parts of the United States for sport fishing. Construction of reservoirs has allowed walleye to survive in many new places.
The largest walleye ever caught was 42 inches long. The oldest reported age for a walleye is 29 years.
Walleye are very common throughout North America.