Pleurobema collina

James River Spinymussel

FWS Focus


This freshwater mussel is found in the James River basin in Virginia and West Virginia and in the Upper Dan sub-basin of the Roanoke River basin in Virginia and North Carolina. The James spinymussel is a small freshwater mussel slightly less than three inches in length. Adults have a dark brown shell with prominent growth rings and occasionally, short spines on each valve. Young mussels have a shiny, yellow-gold and brown shell with or without one to three short spines. The foot and mantle tissue of adult mussels are typically orange.

Scientific Name

Pleurobema collina
Common Name
James River spinymussel
James spinymussel
Virginia spinymussel
FWS Category

Location in Taxonomic Tree

Identification Numbers



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