Cyprinodon macularius

Desert Pupfish

FWS Focus


Small (2 inches) smoothly rounded body shape with narrow vertical bars on the sides. Breeding males blue on head and sides with yellow on tail. Females and juveniles tan to olive colored back and silvery sides. Two subspecies are recognized: Desert Pupfish (C.m. macularis) and Quitobaquito Pupfish (C.m. eremus). Critical habitat includes Quitobaquito Springs, Pima County, portions of San Felipe Creek, Carrizo Wash, and Fish Creek Wash, Imperial County, California.

Scientific Name

Cyprinodon macularius
Common Name
desert pupfish
FWS Category

Location in Taxonomic Tree

Identification Numbers



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