Life History information provided for the American Bittern is summarized from the Birds of North America Online (http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/).
References Cited in Species Profile
- American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 1998. Check-list of North American birds. Seventh edition. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C. [as modified by subsequent supplements and corrections published in The Auk]. Also available online:http://www.aou.org/
- Byers, E. 1951. Feeding behavior of young American Bitterns. Wilson Bull. 63:334-336.
- Caffey, R.H. and M. Schexnayder. 2003. "Coastal Louisiana and South Florida: A Comparative Wetland Inventory," Interpretive Topic Series on Coastal Wetland Restoration in Louisiana, Coastal Wetland Planning, Protection, and Restoration Act (eds.), National Sea Grant Library. 8 pp.http://lacoast.gov/new/Data/Reports/ITS/Florida.pdf
- Duebbert, H. F. and J. T. Lokemoen. 1977. Upland nesting of American Bitterns, Marsh Hawks, and Short-eared Owls. Prairie Nat. 9:33-39.
- Gabrielson, I. N. 1914. Ten days' bird study in a Nebraska swamp. Wilson Bull. 87:51-68.
- Gibbs, J. P., J. R. Longcore, D. G. McAuley, and J. K. Ringelman. 1991. Use of wetland habitats by selected nongame waterbirds in Maine. U.S. Fish and Wildl. Serv., Fish Wildl. Res. 9.
- Graber, J. W., R. R. Graber, and E. L. Kirk. 1978. Illinois Birds: Ciconiiformes. Ill. Nat. Hist. Surv. Biol. Notes 109.
- Lowther, Peter, Alan F. Poole, J. P. Gibbs, S. Melvin and F. A. Reid. 2009. American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus), The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Retrieved from the Birds of North America Online: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/018
- Palmer, R. S. 1962. Handbook of North American birds. Vol. 1. Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, CT.
- Rehm, E. M. and G. A. Baldassarre. 2007b. The influence of interspersion on marsh bird abundance in New York. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 119(4):648-654.
- Root, T. 1988. Atlas of wintering North American birds, an analysis of Christmas Bird Count data. Univ. Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.
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