Mexican Wolf
Southwest Region Ecological Services
Southwest Region USFWS facebook page Southwest Region USFWS page Southwest region USFWS Flikr page USFWS YouTube site
Mexican wolf stands underneath tree limbs. Credit: John Bradley, USFWS.
Mexican Wolf Recovery    

The Mexican wolf is the rarest subspecies of gray wolf in North America. Once common throughout portions of the southwestern United States, the Mexican wolf was all but eliminated from the wild by the 1970s. In 1977, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service initiated efforts to conserve the species. In 1998, Mexican wolves were released to the wild for the first time in the Blue Range Wolf Recovery Area within the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area. Missing from the landscape for more than 30 years, the howl of the Mexican wolf can once again be heard in the mountains of the southwestern United States.


Recent Wolf Stories

Sara Eno and 3 Tribal Youth Interns for the WMAT Game and Fish Dept. conduct Mexican wolf education at a local WMAT elementary school". Credit: White Mountain Apache Tribe ( WMAT ).
Sara Eno and 3 Tribal Youth Interns for the WMAT Game and Fish Dept. conduct Mexican wolf education at a local WMAT elementary school". Credit: White Mountain Apache Tribe ( WMAT ).

Mexican Wolf Education Outreach on WMAT

August 2018
When a science teacher announces, “Today, we have a guest speaker”, the kids get giddy with anticipation. They’re hoping the guest won’t get on their soapbox and pontificate on the wonders of photosynthesis. They want to see tadpoles or witness the wonders of the melding of vinegar and baking soda. Or how about learning about something that’s not only scientific but place-based and can be found living in a nearby forest? In this case, we’re talking about a presentation on “ba’cho”, the name given to the Mexican wolf by the members of the White Mountain Apache Tribe or WMAT.

A key ingredient in the mix of WMAT culture and wildlife biology is place-based education. No one knows this better than the WMAT and their wolf biologist Sara Eno.

“The WMAT is the only Native American nation in the Mexican wolves’ large historical range that accommodates the predator and maintains its own cooperative agreement with the Fish and Wildlife Service”, says Sara, “and part of our Tribal Wolf Program’s duty is presenting the young people of the tribe with the science of wolves”.

Sara works for the WMAT Game and Fish as their Mexican Wolf Biologist and Interagency Field Team Leader. Three WMAT Wolf technicians also work for this department. The Interagency Field Team is a multi-agency collaboration between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Arizona Game and Fish Department, the White Mountain Apache Tribe, the USDA Forest Service, and the USDA Wildlife Service.

WMAT Mexican Wolf Program and Game and Fish Department receive requests throughout the year to conduct presentations on and off the reservation. On the reservation, request for wolf information and updates come from schools, community organizations, livestock associations, professional conference and events, and Tribal Council Members representing reservation districts.

“These presentations and discussions create an environment of increased awareness and communication”, says Sara. “It’s a two-way conversation with the audience. They shape the presentation by making it a richer experience for everyone including the presenters”.

She added, “And when it comes to talking with the children, the information flow doesn’t stop at the end of the presentation. It may carry on at home as the kids talk with their families. These connections and conversations can have positive impacts on science and conservation.”



News Releases for Mexican Wolf

Search Underway for Escaped Mexican Wolf near Divide, CO

Man Pleads Guilty to Wolf Killing in Arizona

Captive-born Mexican Wolf Pups Doing Well Following Successful Introductions into Wild Wolf Litters

2017 U.S. Mexican Wolf Population Survey Completed

Service and Partners Mark 20th Anniversary of Release of Mexican Wolves in Wild

Flight Operations Begin for Mexican Wolf Population Survey


For additional USFWS Mexican Wolf News Releases visit the Newsroom and search for Mexican wolf.

Mexican Wolf Monthly Updates
Map of recent wolf locations
Recent Wolf Locations (ArcGIS)
Mexican wolf experimental population map
Download copy of Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Map. USFWS.
Recovery Programs
Northern Rocky Mountain Wolf Recovery Program
Red Wolf Recovery Program
Western Great Lakes Wolf Recovery Program

Contact the Mexican Wolf Program to report wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations

Call toll free at 1-888-459-9653 or 928-339-4329

To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves

Call the Arizona Game and Fish Department's 24-hour dispatch Operation Game Thief at
Last updated: March 8, 2019