The refuge is open all year to fishing, with the exception of Garth Slough, which is closed November 15-January 14 to all public entry. Crabtree Slough, Dinsmore Slough and the White Springs Dewatering Unit are closed to all watercraft November 15 through the last day of February. The Observation Pool and Special Events Fishing Pond near the visitor center are also not open to fishing. Waters within the refuge include Wheeler Reservoir, Tennessee River, Flint Creek, Limestone Creek, Beaverdam Creek, Piney Creek and Cotaco Creek. Available species include crappie, bluegill, redear sunfish, several species of catfish, largemouth and smallmouth bass, hybrid striped bass and striped bass. There are six improved boat ramps within the refuge boundary and a number of unimproved areas for launching of non-motorized vessels. Airboats and personal watercraft are not permitted.