Chicks resemble their eggs with brown and off-white speckles until they obtain feathers similar to the adults.
Baby ‘Alae ke‘oke‘o
A face only a mother could love - chicks have black down, except on the head, neck and throat, where the down is reddish-orange.
Baby ‘Alae ‘ula
Chicks are covered with black down and have a bright red bill.
Visiting the Refuge
Areas considered ecologically sensitive—including lands within the National Wildlife Refuge System, host to threatened or even endangered species—can be disproportionately affected by drone flights. Thus it is illegal to operate unmanned aircraft on Refuge property without special permits. In addition, if a drone operator stands beyond Refuge boundaries and flies the vehicle over the Refuge, fines can be levied if the drone is observed disturbing wildlife. Tips for Responsible Drone Use
About the Complex
Oahu NWRC consists of James Campbell, Pearl Harbor, and Oahu Forest NWRs.
James Campbell is managed as part of the Oahu Complex.
Learn more about the complex
About the NWRS
The National Wildlife Refuge System, within the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, manages a national network of lands and waters set aside to conserve America’s fish, wildlife, and plants.
Learn more about the NWRS
Predators introduced to Oahu are a primary threat to the endangered waterbirds and require constant attention. Mongooses, feral dogs, cats, pigs, bull frogs, and cattle egrets – all have taken a significant toll on Hawaii’s native waterbirds. An intensive, year-round predator control program has been implemented on the refuge to reduce the impact from these invasive predators.
The initial phases of a project to study bristle-thighed curlews on the refuge have been completed. The project is planned to study the demographics, local and migration habitat use, and genetic make-up and relationship of this wintering population to other wintering populations and the two distinct Alaskan breeding populations.
In Hawaiian legend, these birds were thought to have brought fire from the gods to the Hawaiian people.
Page Photo Credits USFWS
Last Updated: Mar 21, 2017