The marshes of the refuge are divided into three units, providing habitat for a variety of waterfowl, wood ducks, trumpeter swans and Canada geese. Other birds that use this area are common terns, sandhill cranes, great blue herons, great egrets and double-crested cormorants. The large area provides an undisturbed location for these birds to nest, feed and rest. A water controlwith was added to the largest unit. Local drainage water is passed into the wetland and water can flow in and out of the water control structure allowing the wetland to filter the water and assist in cleaning Lake Erie.
Cottonwood dune forests provide stopover habitat for migratory songbirds and locations for bald eagle nests. These habitats are globally rare. There are also areas of coast beach habitat, these areas are important for the plants that grow there and the birds that use them during migration. Large flocks of shorebirds, resting ducks and even songbirds are often seen along the beaches.
The area around the main fishing pond is mature willow and cottonwood trees providing excellent viewing of migrating songbirds in the spring. There are often eagles roosting in the trees. The parking lot is often a highlight of spring birding tours to this refuge.