Wildlife & Habitat


The Wichita Mountains Refuge was established to protect wildlife species that were in grave danger of extinction, and to restore species that had been eliminated from the area.  To that end, bison were reintroduced, along with elk and wild turkey. More recent reintroductions include the prairie dog, the river otter and burrowing owls.

  • Wildlife


    Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge provides excellent habitat for many species of native wildlife. A total of 240 species of birds, 50 species of mammals, 64 species of reptiles and amphibians, and 36 species of fish have been documented.

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  • Habitat


    The refuge lies at a vegetational crossroads along the eastern edge of the southern Great Plains region. It encompasses 59,020 acres, of which approximately 20,000 acres are open mixed grass prairie, with the remainder being forest and rock outcroppings.

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