This marine invertebrate clings to the rocks like suction cups with their muscular foot that to keep them from being torn off.
‘Iwa (Great Frigatebird Chick)
These birds lack the ability to take off from water so they snatch prey from the ocean surface or beach using their bills.
Manu-o-Kū (White Tern chick)
No nest is built and a single speckled egg is laid on a small depression on a branch, roof or other surface.
Honu (Green Turtle)
Over 90% of green turtles nesting in Hawai'i occurs at French Frigate Shoals.
These endemic finches to Nihoa build their nests in small holes in rock outcrops 100 to 800 feet above sea level.
The Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge includes some of the most remote islands and atolls on the planet extending 1,200 miles northwest of the island of O‘ahu in the Hawaiian archipelago. This refuge hosts a rich, varied, and genetically unique natural, cultural, and historic legacy of global significance and importance.
About the NWRS
The National Wildlife Refuge System, within the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, manages a national network of lands and waters set aside to conserve America’s fish, wildlife, and plants.
Learn more about the NWRS
A Century of Conservation
“Health to the ocean means health for us,” oceanographer and explorer Sylvia Earle has said.
The ocean covers almost three-quarters of Earth’s surface and contains about 97 percent of the planet’s water. The ocean is home to an almost otherworldly array of rainbow-colored fish, exotic plants, large-winged seabirds, powerful marine mammals, living corals and vital microorganisms. We are just beginning to understand how those ocean creatures are interconnected with one another and with us.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is partnering with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, state and territorial governments and others to conserve the ocean and remote islands and atolls in it. The two federal agencies cooperatively manage four marine national monuments in the Pacific Ocean and one in the Atlantic.
Earle has called the marine national monuments “hope spots” for ocean health. Hope Spots
President Obama announced the expansion of the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument to become the world’s largest protected area.For more information
The oldest refuge in the Pacific, Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge (forerunner of Hawaiian Islands Bird Reservation created on February 3, 1909), represents some of the country’s earliest wildlife protection efforts. This Federal designation occurred quickly based on a turn of the century Smithsonian field report describing observations of piles of dead birds from feather harvesting activity. About the Refuge
Until 2011, the Nihoa Millerbird was found only on Nihoa Island. Today, it thrives on Laysan Island due to translocation efforts by the USFWS and American Bird Conservancy.
Page Photo Credits Mark MacDonald, Robby Kohley
Last Updated: Jan 11, 2017