Project Description: Twentieth century platinum mining has had a lasting influence on the Salmon River ecosystem, home to five species of anadromous salmon and Dolly Varden. To better understand both short-term and long-term behavior of the river and its species, the project will employ underwater video technology and a variety of surveys to create the habitat’s first accurate and precise assessment of adult anadromous fish. 

Project Partners: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Fish and Kenai Wildlife Conservation Office and Togiak National Wildlife Refuge, Bureau of Land Management

Timeline: Planned 2023 - 2027 

Funding: $35,000 annually, over five years. 

Outcomes: Five years of data collection will allow project partners to better understand fish behavior and trends including migration, spawning, rearing, and habitat utilization. This knowledge will help project partners make a variety of future decisions, including a potential land use authorization for a mining operation. Fisheries escapement numbers, run timing, and watershed data will also inform a proposed BLM stream fish passage fish passage
Fish passage is the ability of fish or other aquatic species to move freely throughout their life to find food, reproduce, and complete their natural migration cycles. Millions of barriers to fish passage across the country are fragmenting habitat and leading to species declines. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Fish Passage Program is working to reconnect watersheds to benefit both wildlife and people.

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improvement project, currently planned upstream of the weir in a section of historically mined, seasonally intermittent stream. Currently undocumented waters will be explored and added to the Alaska Anadromous Waters Catalog (AWC).  

Learning: Anatomy of a Weir – Keeping a Finger on the Pulse of Alaska’s Salmon Runs 


What is the Gravel to Gravel Keystone Initiative? 

The Department of the Interior — coordinated through the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Bureau of Land Management (BLM) — is partnering with Tribes, Indigenous leaders, other agencies, and community partners to launch the Gravel to Gravel Keystone Initiative. The effort is designed to enhance the resilience of the region’s ecosystems and communities through transformational federal, philanthropic, and other investments.   

Over the next four years, investments from President Biden’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Bipartisan Infrastructure Law
The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) is a once-in-a-generation investment in the nation’s infrastructure and economic competitiveness. We were directly appropriated $455 million over five years in BIL funds for programs related to the President’s America the Beautiful initiative.

Learn more about Bipartisan Infrastructure Law
and other sources will be made into the Yukon, Kuskokwim, and Norton Sound region to improve its ecosystem and salmon resiliency.  

Each Gravel to Gravel project is shaped and guided by at least one of the following goals: 

  • Improving the resiliency of Pacific salmon. 

  • Renewing commitments to strengthening relationships through co-stewardship. 

  • Responding to ecosystem threats to food security. 

Contact Information



Juvenile Northern Pike in aquarium at Gavins Point National Fish Hatchery, South Dakota
The Fish and Aquatic Conservation program leads aquatic conservation efforts for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. We are committed to tackling the nation’s highest priority aquatic conservation and recreational challenges to conserve, restore, and enhance fisheries for future generations.
A bright blue sky obstructed by fluffy white clouds reflected off of a stream shot from inside a kayak
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service manages an unparalleled network of public lands and waters called the National Wildlife Refuge System. With more than 560 refuges spanning the country, this system protects iconic species and provides some of the best wildlife viewing opportunities on Earth.


Togiak National Wildlife Refuge mountains and valleys
Dominated by the Ahklun Mountains in the north and the cold waters of Bristol Bay to the south, Togiak National Wildlife Refuge hosts a kaleidoscope of landscapes. The natural forces that have shaped this land range from the violent and powerful to the geologically patient. Earthquakes and...
Established in 1971, our office works to support and sustain salmon recovery, improve fisheries, prevent fish habitat degradation fragmentation, restore fish habitat, and control invasive species on the Kenai Peninsula and in western Alaska.

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