What We Do

Wildlife conservation is at the heart of the National Wildlife Refuge System. It drives everything on U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service lands and waters managed within the Refuge System, from the purposes for which a national wildlife refuge national wildlife refuge
A national wildlife refuge is typically a contiguous area of land and water managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service  for the conservation and, where appropriate, restoration of fish, wildlife and plant resources and their habitats for the benefit of present and future generations of Americans.

Learn more about national wildlife refuge
is established to the recreational activities offered to the resource management tools used. Using conservation best practices, the Refuge System manages Service lands and waters to help ensure the survival of native wildlife species. 

Management and Conservation

Refuges deploy a host of scientifically sound management tools to address biological challenges. These tools span active water management to wilderness character monitoring, all aimed at ensuring a balanced conservation approach to benefit both wildlife and people. 

At this Carlton Pond WPA we use a variety of management practices achieve our conservation goals, including:

  • Mapping and controlling invasive plants
  • Managing water levels to encourage desirable vegetation


Refuge staff, partners, and volunteers also monitor environmental conditions and wildlife populations through surveys and studies that include:

  • Black tern production surveys
  • Local weather water quality monitoring
  • Fish population surveys
  • Acoustic monitoring of bat species using the refuge