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ʻĀkohekohe sits on a branch. It is black with orange stripes and a white tuft on its head.

Distribution: Increases in climate favorable to mosquitoes have restricted ʻākohekohe to the absolute highest native forest habitats available in East Maui. ʻĀkohekohe occur in a very narrow, high elevation band in the highest elevation ʻōhiʻa forests, especially in The Nature Conservancy’s Waikamoi Preserve, Hanawī Natural Area Reserve, and Manawainui within Haleakalā National Park.  

Behavior: ʻĀkohekohe can be very aggressive and are at the top of the nectarivore food chain now. They have a relatively higher reproductive rate, but they did not do well in captive breeding when a small number of eggs were collected and reared in the late 1990s.  

Current Status: Estimated wild population in 2021 is 1,657 individuals. There are no ʻākohekohe in captivity. Estimated year of extinction is 2026 to 2037, most likely 2032. 

Environmental Conservation Online System (ECOS) serves a variety of reports related to FWS Threatened and Endangered Species.

Learn more about ECOS

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Fact Sheet
An ʻakikiki sits on a branch. It is bending over, giving an upside-down look.
Welcome to the Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office! We are part of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's ecological services program. Here we work closely with partners to conserve fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitats throughout Pacific Islands. The areas we help to protect include the...
A rocky shoreline of a river. The water is calm. Mist and green branches line the river.
The Ecological Services Program works to restore and protect healthy populations of fish, wildlife, and plants and the environments upon which they depend. Using the best available science, we work with federal, state, Tribal, local, and non-profit stakeholders, as well as private land owners, to...
An ‘ākohekohe sits on a branch. It has a black body with orange patches strewn throughout its body. An orange circle outlines its eye.

The crested honeycreeper is the largest (24 to 29 gram)(0.8 to 1.0 ounce) honeycreeper remaining on Maui Nui. Primarily a black-plumaged bird, the akohekohe’s lanceolate body feathers are strikingly tipped with orange-red, its throat and breast feathers are tipped with gray, silver, or white,...

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