Two children looking at a herd of elk from the bed of a carriage in a snowy landscape with mountains in the background

In addition to the diverse population of birds, Cedar Island is home to a variety of other wildlife.  Mammal species include otter, raccoon, muskrat, opossum, fox, rabbits, and white-tailed deer. Ninety-two amphibian and reptile species, including several frog, snake, alligator, salamander, and turtle species, occur on the refuge. Cedar Island also has an outstanding reputation for insects.  A variety of hardy mosquitoes abound almost year-round.  The insects are a valuable food source for many species of wildlife.