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The mountains of the Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Refuge provide more than beautiful scenery. They can create weather at the refuge, provide the water, and provide shelter for a variety of animals. 

  • Centennial Mountains

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    The Centennial Mountains could be arguably the most important influence on the refuge. They form the southern official boundary of the refuge and are managed by the US Forest Service and BLM. These mountains rise to over 10,000 feet and provide an obstacle for the southern winds and storms keeping the Centennial Valley dryer than without them. Snowpack contributes to the year around water cycle by storing water for the drier summer months. These mountains are geologically young, rising only 2 million years ago. Click on the LEARN MORE link for a mountain photo gallery.

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  • Gravelly Range

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    The Gravelly Range rises slowly on the northern boundary of the refuge. The highest point in the range is Black Butte (a volcanic feature) at 10,542 feet. While not presenting nearly as steep a face to the Centennial Valley as the Centennial Range, the mountains provide shelter for bears, pronghorn, elk, deer, and many other animals that occasionally wander into the refuge.  Some species migrate from the Centennial mountains to the Gravelly mountains.

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  • Snowcrest Range

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    Snowcrest Range is adjacent to the Gravelly Range, on the northwest side of the refuge. It's highest peak is Sunset Peak (10,581 feet). This is a wild range, but is used by many hunters due to the high population of Elk. Grizzly Bear are known to inhabit this range also.

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  • Henry's Lake Mountains

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    The Henry's Lake Mountains wrap around Henry's Lake (about 20 miles east of the refuge) but form the eastern mountainous boundary to the refuge.

  • Madison Range

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    While the Madison Range doesn't directly border the refuge, it is prominently visible from several places on the refuge. It is a large and scenic range that borders the Madison River on the north. It is most notable from Lower and Upper Red Rock Lakes, providing view of its large jagged peaks over the northern hills.

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  • Geology of Centennial Valley

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    The geology of the Centennial Valley and the Centennial Range is interesting and provides insight into the physical structure of the refuge that greatly influences the flora and fauna that live in the refuge. The Centennial Range was built by the massive thermal forces that today still influence Yellowstone National Park. The Centennial Valley continues to sink as the Centennial Range rises.

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