Bison Hunting

Hunting Article

Like elk hunting, a program to manage the size of the bison population on the refuge is imperative to herd health management.

Photo credit: Mark Gocke


The 2017 Refuge bison hunting season runs from August 15, 2017 through January 31, 2018.

Hunters must already have a Wyoming state bison license, issued by the Wyoming Game & Fish Department, to apply for a Refuge bison permit. Individuals who have not already applied and been selected for a 2017 Wyoming bison license are not eligible to hunt bison this year. 

2017 Bison Hunting Information and Regulations (Adobe PDF)

Hard copies of the information and regulations will be available during the hunting season at the following Jackson, WY locations: 

Jackson Hole & Greater Yellowstone Visitor Center
532 N. Cache Street

Wyoming Game & Fish Department
420 N. Cache Street

National Elk Refuge Administrative Office
675 E. Broadway Street

Hunters are responsible for reading the National Elk Refuge hunting information and regulations specific to the hunt area where they are permitted and have them available while hunting on the refuge.

New this season: Horses are no longer allowed when hunting south of Flat Creek (see Section 5 of the hunting information and regulations handout).

It can be difficult to distinguish between a one to two year-old bull and a mature cow. A bison identification exam is available online and is a suggested tool to help hunters differentiate between bulls and cows. Misidentification of of sex or age when killing a bison will result in the seizure of the animal in addition to a criminal fine.